Part Two:   From Republic  To Empire
<ul><li>1. For all its success – Rome was unstable </li></ul><ul><li>2 .  Power switches from the many to the few </li></ul>
 
Growing Inequality & Unrest <ul><li>Landed aristocracy governed Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy, powerful families </li></u...
<ul><li>Small farmers losing land to large, wealthy landowners </li></ul><ul><li>New urban class of landless poor </li></u...
Latifundia
<ul><li>Tiberius & Gaius Gracchus, reform-minded aristocrats </li></ul><ul><li>Called for laws giving public land back to ...
VIDEO:  Rise of Tiberius
Video: Tiberius Champions the Poor
SPQR? <ul><li>S.P.Q.R.  is an  initialism  of a  Latin  noun phrase,  Senatus Populusque Romanus  (&quot;The Senate and th...
Video: Cicero Takes the Lead
The Collapse of the Republic <ul><li>Civil Wars 82 - 31 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Crassus, Pompey & Julius Caesar emerged as ...
The First Triumvirate <ul><li>60 B.C.   </li></ul><ul><li>Crassus, Pompey & Caesar </li></ul><ul><li>Crassus killed in 53 ...
Video:  Caesar’s Leadership
<ul><li>Caesar crossed the  Rubicon , the river </li></ul><ul><li>Caesar and Pompey start a civil war </li></ul>
<ul><li>Caesar defeats Pompey’s forces </li></ul><ul><li>Caesar become a  dictator  – an absolute ruler </li></ul>
Video:  Caesar Starts Civil War
Julius  Caesar <ul><li>44 B.C. a group of leading senators assassinated him </li></ul>
 
The Second Triumvirate <ul><li>Octavian, Antony & Lepidus </li></ul><ul><li>Octavian took the west & Antony, the east </li...
<ul><li>Antony allied himself with the Egyptian queen Cleopatra VII </li></ul><ul><li>Like Caesar before him, Antony had f...
Mark Anthony
Cleopatra
<ul><li>Battle of Actium : Octavian’s forces smashed the army & the navy of Antony & Cleopatra </li></ul><ul><li>Both comm...
The Age of Augustus <ul><li>27 B.C.  Octavian became “ Augustus ” the revered one </li></ul><ul><li>Maintained a huge army...
Octavian
 
Emperors of the Early Empire <ul><li>Nero : had people killed if he wanted them out of the way - including his mother </li...
Nero Roman legions revolted Nero committed suicide by stabbing himself in the throat
Video:  The Horror of Nero’s Reign
Emperors of the Early Empire <ul><li>5 good emperors:  </li></ul><ul><li>Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius & Marcus A...
Pax Romana  =  Roman Peace 100 Years of Peace
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Rome Sec2 A

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World History, Roman Empire, Rome, Social Studies

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Rome Sec2 A

  1. 1. Part Two: From Republic To Empire
  2. 2. <ul><li>1. For all its success – Rome was unstable </li></ul><ul><li>2 . Power switches from the many to the few </li></ul>
  3. 4. Growing Inequality & Unrest <ul><li>Landed aristocracy governed Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy, powerful families </li></ul><ul><li>Senate & political offices </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Small farmers losing land to large, wealthy landowners </li></ul><ul><li>New urban class of landless poor </li></ul><ul><li>Latifundia – Large Landed Estates (like Plantation) </li></ul>
  5. 6. Latifundia
  6. 7. <ul><li>Tiberius & Gaius Gracchus, reform-minded aristocrats </li></ul><ul><li>Called for laws giving public land back to the landless poor </li></ul><ul><li>Both brothers eventually killed </li></ul><ul><li>Discontent & unrest grew </li></ul>
  7. 8. VIDEO: Rise of Tiberius
  8. 9. Video: Tiberius Champions the Poor
  9. 10. SPQR? <ul><li>S.P.Q.R. is an initialism of a Latin noun phrase, Senatus Populusque Romanus (&quot;The Senate and the Roman People&quot;) </li></ul>
  10. 11. Video: Cicero Takes the Lead
  11. 12. The Collapse of the Republic <ul><li>Civil Wars 82 - 31 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Crassus, Pompey & Julius Caesar emerged as victors </li></ul><ul><li>combined wealth & power to dominate the political scene </li></ul>
  12. 13. The First Triumvirate <ul><li>60 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Crassus, Pompey & Caesar </li></ul><ul><li>Crassus killed in 53 B.C. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Video: Caesar’s Leadership
  14. 15. <ul><li>Caesar crossed the Rubicon , the river </li></ul><ul><li>Caesar and Pompey start a civil war </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Caesar defeats Pompey’s forces </li></ul><ul><li>Caesar become a dictator – an absolute ruler </li></ul>
  16. 17. Video: Caesar Starts Civil War
  17. 18. Julius Caesar <ul><li>44 B.C. a group of leading senators assassinated him </li></ul>
  18. 20. The Second Triumvirate <ul><li>Octavian, Antony & Lepidus </li></ul><ul><li>Octavian took the west & Antony, the east </li></ul>
  19. 21. <ul><li>Antony allied himself with the Egyptian queen Cleopatra VII </li></ul><ul><li>Like Caesar before him, Antony had fallen in love with her </li></ul>
  20. 22. Mark Anthony
  21. 23. Cleopatra
  22. 24. <ul><li>Battle of Actium : Octavian’s forces smashed the army & the navy of Antony & Cleopatra </li></ul><ul><li>Both committed suicide a year later </li></ul>
  23. 25. The Age of Augustus <ul><li>27 B.C. Octavian became “ Augustus ” the revered one </li></ul><ul><li>Maintained a huge army </li></ul><ul><li>Becomes Golden Age of Literature - Virgil </li></ul>
  24. 26. Octavian
  25. 28. Emperors of the Early Empire <ul><li>Nero : had people killed if he wanted them out of the way - including his mother </li></ul>
  26. 29. Nero Roman legions revolted Nero committed suicide by stabbing himself in the throat
  27. 30. Video: The Horror of Nero’s Reign
  28. 31. Emperors of the Early Empire <ul><li>5 good emperors: </li></ul><ul><li>Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius & Marcus Aurelius </li></ul>
  29. 32. Pax Romana = Roman Peace 100 Years of Peace
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