• Like
Rome Sec1
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Rome Sec1

  • 3,020 views
Published

Rome, Chapter 5, World History

Rome, Chapter 5, World History

Published in Education , Technology
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
3,020
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
266
Comments
0
Likes
3

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1.
    • Chapter Five “Roman Empire”
    • 600 B.C. – A.D. 500
  • 2. Welcome to Ancient Rome
  • 3. The Roman Empire
  • 4. “ All roads lead to Rome”
  • 5. Building Roman Roads… slaves at work.
  • 6. United by Great Road system
  • 7. Roman Acqueduct
  • 8. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answers. large flat stones concrete gravel and sand
  • 9. Introduced standard coinage throughout the Empire
  • 10. Enforced standard weights and measurements throughout the Empire
  • 11.
    • Italy is a peninsula about 750 miles long
    • Apennine (A PUN NAY)
    • Mountains run down the center
    • Not rugged like in Greece, provides Good Farming
  • 12. The Land and Peoples of Italy
    • 3 important fertile plains ideal for farming are along the Po River ; the plain of Latium , where Rome is located; and the plain of Campania , south of Latium. 
    • farmland allowed it to support a large population.
  • 13. Etruscans Greeks Carthaginians Origins of Roman Empire
  • 14.  
  • 15. Daily Life in Ancient Rome
  • 16. The Impact of Geography
    • Rome located 18 miles inland on the Tiber River
    • Easy access to the sea but safe from pirates
    • Built on 7 hills
  • 17. The Impact of Geography
    • Italian peninsula was a natural stopping point for trade & travel
    • Center of Mediterranean Travel
    Turn to page 149, “Voices from the Past”
  • 18. Roman Soldiers
  • 19. Roman Soldiers!
  • 20.  
  • 21. Romans: For all their war, not one puts on a crown, but instead builds a senate where they consider the best for all people.
  • 22. The Roman Republic
    • Early Rome ruled by kings, some Etruscan
    • 509 B.C. overthrew the last Etruscan king
    • Republic – a form of government in which the leader is not a monarch & certain citizens have the right to vote
  • 23.  
  • 24. Roman Values & Virtues
    • 3 virtues:
    • duty, courage & discipline
    • Livy Roman historian wrote of Cincinnatus
  • 25. Why Rome Was Successful?
    • 1. Good diplomats
    • 2. Extending Roman citizenship & allowing states to run internal affairs
    • 3. Skilled persistent soldiers & brilliant strategists
  • 26. Why Rome Was Successful?
    • 4. Built towns connected by roads
    • 5. Soldiers were deployed quickly
    • 6. Law & politics: Roman were practical & created institutions that responded to problems
  • 27. The Birth of Rome
  • 28. VIDEO:
    • “ Building an Empire”
    • Size, Culture, Customs, Pompeii, Technology, Religion, Laws, War
  • 29. The Government of Rome
    • Two groups:
    • 1. Patricians – great landowners, who became Rome’s ruling class
    • 2. Plebeians – landholders, craftspeople, merchants & small farmers
    • *Only patricians elected to public office
  • 30. Patrician carrying busts of his ancestors in a parade
  • 31. The Government of Rome
    • Chief executive officers
    • Consuls (2) – ran the government & led the Roman army into battle
    • Praetors – in charge of civil law
  • 32. The Government of Rome
    • Senate , about 300 patricians served for life
    • Centuriate assembly , elected consuls & praetors & passed laws
    • Organized by classes based on wealth
  • 33. Roman Law, Government & Politics
  • 34. Roman Law
    • First code of law:
    • Twelve Tables
    • Law of Nations : Issues of Roman and Non-Roman citizenship
    • Standards of justice applied to all people equally & used principles recognized today
  • 35. Law of Nations
    • Innocent until proven otherwise
    • The accused has a right to a defense before a judge
    • Judges should decide cases based on evidence
  • 36. Rome Conquers the Mediterranean
    • Rome faced a strong power in the Mediterranean–Carthage. 
    • Founded by the Phoenicians around 800 B.C. on the coast of North Africa, Carthage had a large trading empire in the western Mediterranean. 
    • The presence of Carthaginians in Sicily worried the Romans. 
    • The two groups began a long struggle in 264 B.C. for control of the Mediterranean area.
  • 37.  
  • 38. Rome Conquers the Mediterranean (cont.)
    • The First Punic War 
    • Romans realized that to win the war they needed a large navy, which they built. 
    • Rome defeated Carthage’s navy, and in 241 B.C. Carthage gave up its rights to Sicily and paid money to Rome. 
    • Sicily became Rome’s first province.
  • 39. Video: 1 st Punic War
  • 40. 1st Punic War
  • 41.
    • Carthage wanted revenge. 
    • Hannibal, the greatest Carthaginian general, began the Second Punic War, which lasted from 218 to 201 B.C. 
    • To take the war to Rome, Hannibal entered Spain, moved east, and then crossed the Alps with a large army, including a large number of horses and 37 battle elephants. 
    • Many soldiers and animals died during the crossing, but Rome was still under a real threat.
    Rome Conquers the Mediterranean (cont.)
  • 42. Video: Hannibal’s Revenge
  • 43.  
  • 44.  
  • 45. Video: 2 nd Punic War
  • 46.
    • At the Battle of Cannae, Rome lost 40 thousand men. 
    • In response, Rome raised another army. 
    • Meanwhile, Hannibal roamed throughout Italy but could not successfully attack the major cities. 
    • In a brilliant move, Rome attacked Carthage, forcing the recall of Hannibal. 
    • At the Battle of Zama, Rome crushed Hannibal’s forces. 
    • Spain became a Roman province, and Rome controlled the western Mediterranean.
    Rome Conquers the Mediterranean (cont.)
  • 47. Hannibal
  • 48. The Defeat of Hannibal at the Battle of Zama
  • 49. Video: Battle of Zama
  • 50.
    • 50 years later, the Romans fought the Third Punic War. 
    • In 146 B.C., Roman soldiers sacked Carthage. 
    • 50 thousand men, women, and children were sold into slavery. 
    • The territory of Carthage became a Roman province called Africa.
    Rome Conquers the Mediterranean (cont.)
  • 51.  
  • 52. Hannibal famously crossed the Alps with elephants to be used in battle. Few of them survived the trip, but some did. What do you think the reaction was of the Roman soldiers to elephants in battle? Rome Conquers the Mediterranean (cont.) The few elephants that survived terrified the Romans, as one could imagine on being faced with a charging elephant. Who knows how history would have been different if all of Hannibal’s elephants had survived?
  • 53.  
  • 54.  
  • 55. Ruins of Carthage
  • 56. Rome’s new empire