Ch4 Greece 1

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Ch4 Greece 1

  1. 1. Chapter 4 “Ancient Greece” 1900 BC-133 BC
  2. 2. Civilization Improves <ul><li>What were the 6 characteristics of a civilization? </li></ul><ul><li>How could our early civilizations and empires improve? </li></ul><ul><li>Which of the 6 characteristics are the most important for continuing civilization? </li></ul>
  3. 4. Timeline <ul><li>1900 B.C.- 133 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>1900 B.C. Minoan Civilization (Beginning) </li></ul><ul><li>405 B.C. Athenian Empire destroyed (End) </li></ul>
  4. 6. Greece: Introduction
  5. 8. Geography of Greece <ul><li>Mountainous peninsula & numerous islands </li></ul><ul><li>mountains & the sea played significant roles in development </li></ul>
  6. 10. The Greece Landscape
  7. 14. The Impact of Geography <ul><li>1. Mountains isolated Greeks </li></ul><ul><li>2. Fiercely independent communities developed </li></ul>
  8. 15. The Impact of Geography <ul><li>3. Encouraged participation in political affairs </li></ul><ul><li>4. Rivalry Led to Warfare </li></ul>
  9. 16. The Geography & History of Greece
  10. 17. The Minoan Civilization <ul><li>2700 - 1450 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Crete – Island </li></ul><ul><li>palace complex of Knossos </li></ul><ul><li>empire based on trade </li></ul>
  11. 18. 1. Minoan
  12. 19. Palace of Knossos
  13. 20. Minoan Palace at Knossos
  14. 21. Throne room at Palace of Knossos
  15. 22. Minoan Palace
  16. 23. Minoan Bull Jumping
  17. 24. Sacred Minoan Bull
  18. 25. Minoans: Destroyed by natural disaster and invaders
  19. 26. The Minoan Civilization <ul><li>catastrophic collapse around 1450 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>tidal wave or volcanic eruption </li></ul><ul><li>Invasion by Mycenaeans </li></ul>
  20. 27. The Mycenaeans 1600-1100 BC
  21. 28. 2. Mycenaens
  22. 29. Mycenae
  23. 30. Mycenaeans <ul><li>They descend from the Indo-European family </li></ul><ul><li>First Great State </li></ul>
  24. 31. Mycenae
  25. 32. Lion’s Gate at Mycenae
  26. 33. Mycenae Today Collapsed after a wave of Invaders
  27. 34. Greek Culture and Art
  28. 36. What is a mosaic?
  29. 37. Homer <ul><li>Epic poem – a long poem that tells the deeds of a great hero </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Iliad and the Odyssey </li></ul>
  30. 38. <ul><li>Illiad = Story of a war between the Greeks and Troy </li></ul><ul><li>The purpose of the war was to recover the most beautiful woman in the world: Helen </li></ul>
  31. 39. Homer’s Odyssey
  32. 40. VIDEO: Odysseus Returns Home
  33. 41. The Movie Troy Based on The Illiad Brad Pitt as Achilles
  34. 42. <ul><li>Paris, a Trojan prince, kidnaps Helen, the wife of the king of Sparta. </li></ul><ul><li>The Mycenaean Greeks lay siege to Troy for ten years, finally taking the city with the famous Trojan horse. </li></ul><ul><li>The Iliad – focuses on the destruction & anger of the Greek hero Achilles. </li></ul>
  35. 43. Paris & Helen
  36. 44. Helen of Troy “The face that launched 1,000 ships”
  37. 45. Homer – Fact or Fiction? <ul><li>Arete: The Greek word for Excellence </li></ul><ul><li>In Homer’s stories and poems they were focused around the hero’s search for Arete/Excellence. </li></ul>
  38. 46. agora-- marketplace
  39. 47. The Heart of the City
  40. 48. Acropolis-- fortified hill in center of the city
  41. 49. Acropolis Agora
  42. 50. Acropolis
  43. 51. Center of Greek Polis

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