Ch12 Reformation I

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Reformation

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Ch12 Reformation I

  1. 1. Chapter 12: The Renaissance & Reformation The Reformation
  2. 2. <ul><li>The major goal of humanism in northern Europe was to reform Christendom.  </li></ul>Main Ideas The Protestant Reformation <ul><li>Martin Luther’s religious reforms led to the emergence of Protestantism.  </li></ul>
  3. 3. “ I do not accept the authority of popes and councils… my conscience is captive to the word of God. …Here I stand and I can not do otherwise. God help me. Amen. ” – Martin Luther April 18 th , 1521
  4. 4. The Protestant Reformation <ul><li>Christian humanists believed in the ability of human beings to reason and improve themselves .  </li></ul><ul><li>They wanted to reform the Catholic Church.  </li></ul><ul><li>This reform would occur through developing inner piety , or religious feeling, based on studying the works of Christianity – not rules & rituals . </li></ul>
  5. 5. Erasmus and Christian Humanism <ul><li>The best known Christian humanist was Desiderius Erasmus.  </li></ul><ul><li>He developed what he called “the philosophy of Christ,” meant to show people how to live good lives on a daily basis rather than how to achieve salvation.  </li></ul>
  6. 6. “ Erasmus laid the egg that Luther hatched.” <ul><li>In his 1509 work The Praise of Folly , he especially criticized the monks. </li></ul>He did not wish to break from the church, just reform it.
  7. 7. Background to the Reformation
  8. 8. <ul><li>Between 1450 and 1520 a series of popes failed to meet the Church’s spiritual needs.  </li></ul><ul><li>They were more concerned with the political interests of the Papal States.  </li></ul><ul><li>Julius II , the “warrior-pope,” even led armies against his enemies.  </li></ul><ul><li>Many people were disgusted with him and the Catholic Church. </li></ul>Religion on the Eve of the Reformation
  9. 9. Church Corruption
  10. 10. <ul><li>Church officials seemed ignorant of their spiritual duties, especially instructing the faithful on achieving: salvation – acceptance into Heaven.  </li></ul><ul><li>As a result, obtaining salvation became almost mechanical; by collecting relics, for example.  </li></ul><ul><li>Venerating a saint could gain an indulgence –release from all or part of punishment for sin–according to the Church of the time. </li></ul>Religion on the Eve of the Reformation
  11. 11. Indulgences
  12. 12. Johann Tetzel’s Slogan: <ul><li>“ As soon as the coin in the coffer rings, the soul from purgatory springs!” </li></ul>
  13. 13. Martin Luther - Germany
  14. 14. 95 Theses: Posted them to the door Reform topics for debate

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