Ch12 Intro


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Italian Renaissance

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Ch12 Intro

  1. 1. The Mona Lisa the prototype of the Renaissance portrait Chapter 12 “Renaissance & Reformation” 1300 - 1600
  2. 3. The Duomo, a Renaissance Church in Florence, Italy. Contains artwork by many important Renaissance Artists Brunelleschi’s Dome Giotto’s Belltower
  3. 4. A Rebirth
  4. 5. The Italian Renaissance <ul><li>The word renaissance means rebirth.  </li></ul><ul><li>The Italian Renaissance, which spread to the rest of Europe, occurred between 1350 and 1550.  </li></ul><ul><li>The rebirth was of the ancient Greek and Roman worlds. </li></ul>
  5. 6. The Italian Renaissance <ul><li>Power of the church declines.  </li></ul><ul><li>Society recovers from plagues and instability of Middle Ages  </li></ul><ul><li>A new view of human beings : emphasized individual ability & worth emerge. </li></ul>
  6. 7. The Italian Renaissance <ul><li>Milan, Venice, Florence – </li></ul><ul><li>3 Great Renaissance cities  </li></ul><ul><li>Flourished during the crusades and continue shipping & trading.  </li></ul><ul><li>Italy was a target for invasion from European countries. </li></ul>
  7. 9. Advances in Representation & Perspective
  8. 10. Luca Carlevaris , The Pier & the Ducal Palace P. 376
  9. 11. Michelangelo <ul><li>Two of his best known works: </li></ul><ul><li>Pieta </li></ul><ul><li>David </li></ul>
  10. 12. Pieta <ul><li>This famous work of art depicts the body of Jesus on the lap of his mother Mary after the Crucifixion. </li></ul>
  11. 13. Michelangelo: The Early Years
  12. 14. St. Peter’s Basilica <ul><li>Burial Site of Saint Peter, one of Jesus’ twelve apostles. </li></ul><ul><li>It occupies a &quot;unique position&quot; as one of the holiest sites and as &quot;the greatest of all churches of Christendom.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Many popes buried there. </li></ul><ul><li>As a piece of architecture – it is regarded as the greatest of it’s time. </li></ul>
  13. 16. Michelangelo – St. Peter’s
  14. 17. David <ul><li>17 foot marble statue portrays the Biblical King David in the nude, at the moment that he decides to battle with Goliath. </li></ul>
  15. 18. Michelangelo – Sistine Chapel
  16. 19. The Italian Renaissance <ul><li>Charles I ends the Italian wars  </li></ul><ul><li>Sacks Rome in 1527, pillaging the town.  </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish influence becomes the dominate force in Italy. </li></ul>
  17. 20. Renaissance Part II
  18. 21. The Italian Renaissance <ul><li>Secularism : not religious  </li></ul>2. Individuality : quest for perfection  3. Humanism : Based on the study of the classics of Greece and Rome
  19. 22. Video & Questions <ul><li>Leonardo da Vinci </li></ul>
  20. 23. Machiavelli: “ The Prince” A book about how to acquire and keep political power.
  21. 24. Renaissance Society <ul><li>Serfdom decreased with the decline of the manorial system.  </li></ul><ul><li>Patricians- wealthy merchants </li></ul><ul><li>Burghers – artisans/shopkeepers </li></ul><ul><li>Workers – pitiful wages </li></ul><ul><li>Poor = 85 to 90 % of the total European population, except in highly urban centers.  </li></ul>
  22. 25. The Renaissance: Emphasis on Individual “… with freedom of choice and with honor, …you may fashion yourself in whatever shape you shall prefer.” -- Pico della Mirandola, Renaissance Philosopher, in Oration on the Dignity of Man
  23. 26. <ul><li>Nobles Should Have: </li></ul><ul><li>Talent </li></ul><ul><li>Character </li></ul><ul><li>& Grace </li></ul><ul><li>The Italian Baldassare Castiglione The Book of the Courtier.  </li></ul>
  24. 27. Characteristics of a Noble 1. born, not made 2. had to develop two basic skills a. military skills b. classical education 3. Needed to follow a certain standard of conduct