CH 1 First Humans
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CH 1 First Humans

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CH 1 First Humans CH 1 First Humans Presentation Transcript

  •  
  • Prehistory The time before the written word.
  • How do we find our past?
  • How do we find our past?
  •  
  • Methods of Dating
  • Dating Stratigraphy, Tree Rings, Road Cuts
  • Radio-Carbon Dating determines an object’s age by measuring the amount of C-14
  • AMS (Accelerator Mass Spectrometry)
    • Another name for Radio-Carbon Dating
    • Used for samples that are far tinier than that needed for standard radiocarbon dating
    • In AMS dating, researchers use an accelerator-based mass spectrometer to count all the C14 atoms, rather than just those atoms which are decaying.
  • Blood Molecules May survive Millions of years and yield DNA information
  •  
  • Thermo luminescence dating
    • determines an object’s age by measuring the light given off by electrons trapped in the surrounding soil
  •  
  •  
  • Early Hominids
  • Hominids: Having Human Characteristics
  •  
    • The study of past societies through an analysis of the items people left behind them
    Archaeology
  • Artifacts
    • tools, pottery, paintings, weapons, buildings & household items left behind by early people
  • Oldest Hominid Remains Found in… Olduvai Gorge East Africa
  • Australopithecus
    • Discovered by
    • Donald Johanson
    • 3-4 million years old
  • Australopithecus
  • What Lucy Looked Like…
  • Australopithecus First upright hominid “ southern apes”
  • PAGE 18 Mary Leakey Louis Leakey
  • Their son Richard Leakey discovers an Australopithicus skull
  • Australopithicus footprints
  •  
  • Leakey Legacy
    • “ Theories on prehistory and early man constantly change as new evidence comes to light.”
    • -Richard Leakey
  • Newsweek July 22, 2002
    • A remnant or impression of an organism from a past geologic age that has been preserved in the earth’s crust
    Fossils
    • Homo erectus
    • “ upright human being”, a species that emerged around 1.5 million years ago; 2 nd stage of early human development
  • Homo erectus, cont.
    • Learned to use fire to keep warm in colder areas
    • Homo sapiens
    • “ wise human being”
    • a species that emerged around 250,000 years ago; 3 rd stage in human development
    • Homo sapiens sapiens “wise, wise human being”
    • a species that appeared in Africa between 150,000 & 200,000 years ago
  • Homo sapiens sapiens
    • they were the first anatomically modern humans
    WE BELONG TO THIS GROUP TODAY.
  • Who was Neaderthal?
  •  
  •  
    • from the Greek for “Old Stone”
    • the early period of human history, from approximately 2.5 million to 10,000 B.C., humans used simple stone tools
    Paleolithic Age
  • Lifestyle Hunter-gathering
  • Drawbacks to Hunting & Gathering
    • 1. Food sources dry up
    • 2. No storage
    • 3. Isolation
    • 4. Short lifespan
  • Major advances
    • Mastery of fire
    • Language
  • Technology
  • Lascaux Cave Art
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • ROCK ART PROJECT
    • Rough Draft Project due in class Monday
    • Quiz on Vocab Wed/Thu
    • Test on Chapter 1 Next Fri
    • Pass out Project Info
  • ROCK ART PROJECT
    • Assignment: Test Grade. You will produce a cave drawing with symbols and icons. It will also include a basic sentence telling a person that might find this in the future who you are. You will also make your own alphabet. Write out the letters of our current English alphabet and then create a new symbol for each letter.
  • End of 1 st Section of Notes
  • The Ice Age
    • Most recent:
    • 100,000-8,000 BC
  • Section 2: Neolithic Revolution & Rise of Civilizations
  • New technology
  • Pottery Improved tools (metal working) New Technology
  • Marked a new level of human control over their environment Use of Metals
  • Rise of Villages
  • High Point of Neolithic Age
    • Catal Huyuk , located in modern-day Turkey, high point from 6700 to 5700 B.C.
    • Mud brick houses
  • Earliest Writing
    • Cuneiforms
    • Food surpluses made it possible for people to do things other than farming
    • Artisans – a skilled craftsperson who makes products such as weapons & jewelry
    • scribes
  • End of the Neolithic Age
    • Copper, then Bronze tools led to the Bronze Age
    • Between 4000 & 3000 B.C.
    • The use of metals marked a new level of human control over the environment & its resources
    End of the Neolithic Age
  • Bronze Sword
  • Neolithic Age
    • Development of Cities
    • Mastered the art of farming
    • More complex societies
    • Created armies & built walled cities
  • 6 characteristics of Civilizations
    • 1 . Cities
    • 2 . Government
    • 3 . Religion
    • 4 . Social structure
    • 5 . Art
    • 6. Writing
  • THE END
  • Essay Questions
    • 1. Describe some of the dramatic changes that took place during the Neolithic Revolution and the consequences.
  • Essay Questions
    • 2. Explain how the roles of men and women changed from the Paleolithic Age to the Neolithic Age.