Visual Dictionary-Duct


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Visual Dictionary-Duct

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary By: Zac Bulger
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper- a sheet material used to wrap a house, and seal it up. Air Barrier Paper helps control the passing through of air and water vapor in and out of the house.
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation- ventilation used to let water vapor escape and to keep temperatures in attics down due to solar heat.
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation (Con’t) Soffit Vent- vent located in the Ridge Vent- vent located along the overhang of a roof. Soffit vents let ridge board of a roof. This vent is air into the attic. used to let air out.
  5. 5. Attic Ventilation (Con’t) Gable Vent- vent located at the rake Roof Turbine- a vent located on the ends of a gable or gambrel roof home. plane of a roof that exhausts the They exhaust the attic, some maybe attic by spinning during a breeze. electric.
  6. 6. Backhoe A backhoe is a piece of construction equipment that is used to move earth. One of the most common jobs preformed by a backhoe is digging footings. A backhoe can dig footings in half the time that it would normally take people. This backhoe has a 24” bucket.
  7. 7. Batter Boards- a temporary frame built outside the area of excavation. Batter boards are used to temporarily show the outside, horizontal dimensions of the future footings.
  8. 8. Brick Arches Segmental Arch Roman Arch
  9. 9. Brick Arch W/ Keystone
  10. 10. Centering-Temporary structure used to support a brick arch during construction
  11. 11. Brick Bonds Running Bond- each course contains Common Bond- A course of stretchers that center the mortar headers are laid every 6th course. joints of the previous course.
  12. 12. Brick bonds (Con’t) Rowlocks- Bricks laid with Headers- bricks laid with smallest face vertical. smallest face horizontal. Headers Rowlocks
  13. 13. Brick Bonds (Con’t) Soldiers- Bricks laid Rowlock stretcher vertical, with the long narrow face out. Sailors- Bricks laid vertical, with wide and long face out. Rowlock stretcher- Bricks laid horizontal, with long wide face out. Soldier sailors
  14. 14. Brick Sizes Modular Brick- 3½”x2 ¼”x7 ½” Standard Brick- 3½“x2 ¼ x8”
  15. 15. Bulldozer- construction equipment used for the purpose of clearing or grading a job site.
  16. 16. Cladding- A material used as the exterior wall enclosure of a building. EFIS (Exterior Insulation and Brick Cladding finish system)
  17. 17. Cladding (Con’t) Board and Batten Stone Cladding- Coursed ashlars
  18. 18. Cladding (Con’t) Wood Shingles- sawn pieces of redwood or cedar heartwood that are used to clad a house. Wood Shakes- split pieces of redwood or cedar heartwood that are used to clad a house.
  19. 19. Code Requirements Stair requirements for residences Bedroom egress window- 25” are a 7¾” max. riser and a 10” high, 28”wide, area of 5.9 sq. ft. min. tread. This set of stairs and 22” AFF. IBC states that a meets building code they have a min. Of 24” high, 20” wide, and 7½” riser and a 11 ¼ “ tread . area of 5.7 sq. ft.; also, no more than 44” AFF.
  20. 20. Concrete Joints Control Joint- intentional joint Isolation Joint- Joint put in a slab put in a continuous structure to to separate one structure from allow a weak point for cracking. another. Control joint crack crack
  21. 21. Concrete Masonry Unit- block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores designed to be laid like brick. CMU’s are most commonly 8”x8”x16” which makes them equal in height to 3 courses of brick. • CMU’s are available in 3 different widths, each size is 8” tall by 16” high, but the width varies from 4”, 8”, or 12”.
  22. 22. Decorative Concrete Masonry Units Split face block Ribbed split face block
  23. 23. Doors Top rail Exterior flush door Exterior panel door stile Lock rail Bottom rail
  24. 24. Doors Transom- small window directly Sidelight- tall narrow window above door. directly beside door.
  25. 25. Electrical Components Service Head- conduit run to the top Power Pole- the source of power of the house that has a weather to a house. It has a step-down head. The head connects three transformer that drops voltage wires from the pole to the house. The three wires (2 hot, 1 neutral) to a useable level. run through the conduit to a service meter.
  26. 26. Electrical Components Service Panel- the control center of Meter- the device that is used the houses electrical system. It to measure the amount of contains the main disconnect and all power used by the house. the breakers that act as fuses.
  27. 27. Electrical Components • Duplex receptacle- after the wires leave the breaker they go to many different things including the duplex receptacle. This is the device that serves as a outlet of power to different appliances
  28. 28. Framing Elements #1 -Anchor Bolt #2-Sill Plate
  29. 29. Framing Elements (Con’t) #3-Floor Joist #4-Subflooring
  30. 30. Framing Elements #5-Sole Plate #6-Stud
  31. 31. Framing Element #7- Top Plate #8-Ceiling joist
  32. 32. Framing Elements #9- Rafter #10-Roof decking
  33. 33. Framing Elements #11- Sheathing #12-Stringer
  34. 34. Front End Loader- construction equipment used to move loose soil. The front bucket is able to scoop up the soil and move it to a place to be stored.
  35. 35. Gypsum Board- an interior facing panel with a gypsum core between two paper faces.
  36. 36. Heat Pump- an advantage to heat pumps is their rapid response to temperature change, But a disadvantage is the difficulty to zone a area to maintain a separate temperature as the rest of the house. Air Handling Unit- interior Compressor/Condenser- component. Used to exterior component used to condition air and circulate it pump refrigerant through through a house. system.
  37. 37. Insulation- used to form a container around spaces with conditioned air to help maintain a set temperature. Batt or Blanket- (batt insulation Loose Fill was installed around the attic door instead of loose fill.)
  38. 38. Insulation Foamed Rigid Board
  39. 39. Lintel A lintel is used to carry the load of a wall across a window or door opening. This lintel is made of reinforced concrete.
  40. 40. Mortar Extruding Joint- a nearly Concave joint- A tooled joint unfinished joint with 3/8” with 3/8” mortar. This joint is on mortar joints. The mortar used a office building. The mortar was probably type N used was most likely type N.
  41. 41. Oriented Strand Board- a panel material that is not veneered. OSB is manufactured by compressing wood particles and gluing them into 3-5 sheets.
  42. 42. Plumbing Lavatory- drained with 1½” Water Closet- drained with 3” piping. piping.
  43. 43. Plumbing Plumbing Roof Vent- vent used to keep drain and waste lines at Manufactured Shower atmospheric pressure. This prevents suction in piping.
  44. 44. Drop-in Kitchen Sink
  45. 45. Plywood-wood panel made by gluing veneers together with 2 parallel grain faces and crossbands that are perpendicular to each other. Veneers are thin sheets of wood
  46. 46. Radiant Barrier- reflective foil placed adjacent to a air space in roof or wall to prevent passing of infrared energy. This example is of a radiant barrier facing put on batt insulation and installed around a attic door.
  47. 47. Rebar- the rebar shown is #4, which means the diameter is ½”. Rebar is used to add strength to concrete. The raised deformations on the rebar helps bond the concrete to the rebar.
  48. 48. Steep Roof Drainage Gutter- a channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt along the Gutter eave of the roof Downspout Downspout- Vertical piping used to carry water from the gutter to the ground.
  49. 49. Steep Roof Drainage Splash block- small precast bock of concrete or plastic used to direct water a the bottom Splash block of a downspout
  50. 50. Steep Roof Materials Underlayment- a waterproof material like building felt used between roof sheathing and Clay Tile Roof roofing. It is protecting the roof decking from water.
  51. 51. Steep Roof Materials Shingles- small waterproof Metal Panel Roof- preformed units nailed overlapping one metal panels made of another to make a roof water galvanized or aluminum tight. sheets.
  52. 52. Steep Roof Shapes Gable Roof Gambrel Roof
  53. 53. Steep Roof Shapes Hip Roof Mansard Roof
  54. 54. Steep Roof Terms Ridge- the level intersection of two roof planes on a gable roof. Ridge
  55. 55. Steep Roof Terms Valley- a trough formed by the Eave- the horizontal edge at intersection of two roof the low side of a sloping roof. slopes. Eave
  56. 56. Steep Roof Terms Rake- the sloping edge of a Soffit- the undersurface of a steep roof horizontal eave of a building. Soffit Rake
  57. 57. Steep Roof Terms Fascia- Exposed vertical face of an eave. Building without Fascia Fascia
  58. 58. Stone Random Rubble- Coursed Rubble-
  59. 59. Stone Random Ashlar Coursed Ashlar
  60. 60. Vapor Retarder- a layer of material used to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a buildings assembly. It is usually placed on the warm-in-winter side of a assembly.
  61. 61. Waterproofing- membrane applied to the outside of a foundation wall used to prevent the passing of water. This membrane was liquid applied.
  62. 62. Weep Hole- a small opening made between two bricks without mortar in the joint. Weep holes allow water to drain out of a buildings assembly.
  63. 63. Welded Wire Fabric
  64. 64. Windows Double-Hung window- has two Single-Hung window- has two sashes that both move along sashes but only one sash will tracks to open and shut. slide in its tracks to open or shut.
  65. 65. Windows Awning window- the sash rotates outward from its frame and hinges from the top.