Transcript of "Tailieu.vncty.com trac nghiem tong hop trinh do c bai 4"
CCQG Trình Độ C - Pretest 04
1. For him, life was always full of a sense of wonder, each day brought a
new _______ (puzzle), a new theory, a new explanation.
2. Then you would be _________ (confronted) by his unending
enthusiasm for anything and everything mysterious and strange.
3. I was living in a small town where he bred _________ (pedigree)
spaniels, rode an ancient bicycle, and practised medicine.
4. At last the bell would ring, and you would enter his office, which was
as _______ (scruffy), warm and comfortable as its occupant.
5. Like many of the modern games Pac-Man attempts to _______ (instil)
some humour into the contest.
6. The games were _______ (banned) in the Philippines.
7. The bar closed at seven o'clock that night. I was the last to leave, tired
but _______ (content).
8. But video games have a natural tendency to become _______
out of date
9. Difficulty in distinguishing between colors, particularly red and green,
is an inherited _____ (defect).
10. He suffers from frequent _____ (bouts) of hiccups.
11. I read a very good _________ of the film that's on at the local cinema
12. There's a lot of ice on the roads today. If you're travelling by car, be
careful you don't _________.
13. According to the electric wiring code, brown is ________, blue is
neutral, and green-and-white is the earth.
14. They had nowhere to sleep so we _________ for the night.
put up with them
put them up
put them on
put in to them
15. Mozart composed music when he was jsut a child. He had a great
________ for it.
16. It took him two _________ years to write his books.
17. Anna wanted to buy a dress when she was in England, but she didn't
know her ________.
18. If you bring luxury goods into the country, you must pay
____________ on them.
19. ___________ (interfering) with someone's mail is a serious crime in
the United States.
20. Trees that ______ (block) the view of oncoming traffic should be cut
21. Computer scientists are now working on the next _________ of
22. At Standford University a computer has been developed for medical
23. Professor Fredken thinks that the ___________ intelligences of the
future will be concerned with "weighty" problems that humans cannot
24. There have been protests from animal rights groups about
__________ on animals for many years.
25. Attitudes to animals ___________ greatly between two extremes.
26. Fox-hunting and other blood sports are under __________ in Britain.
27. He went to a seaside resort because he was ________ on water-skiing.
28. Students in hostels are _________ to keep their rooms clean and tidy.
29. Generally the advantages of exams ___________ the disadvantages.
30. Houses in big cities are expensive because land is in __________
31. Progressive farmers use several methods to prevent top soil
from running off
to run off
from to run off
to running off
32. Not until the mid-nineteenth century _____________________
had El Greco's work
did El Greco's work
El Greco's work
El Greco's work did
33. They had gone to New York, ________ the six copies were already in
the place which
34. Nobody knows why we sleep, but we all _______________.
need to sleep
35. ________________ about how much sleep is necessary.
No rules are
There are no rules
No rules discuss
No rules are required
36. __________________, Hong Kong acts as a gateway into and out of
It is located strategically
Where strategically located
Because located strategically
37. The traditional goal of science is to discover how things are, not how
they ought _________.
38. ____________ undergraduate programs, American universities also
offer graduate and professional courses.
39. On no account _________________ be removed from the library.
reference books may
may reference books
reference books cannot
40. Precautions are taken ___________ a hurricane threatens to strike
the coast of the United States.
41. We can imagine ___________ from the pressures of modern life to an
image of simplicity and tranquillity.
42. There is something appealing in the story of Philip Quarrel, an
Englishman ________________ on an island off the Pacific Coast of
Mexico in 1675.
who was shipwrecked
43. ____________________ working on the film "Mutiny on the
Bountry", he bought an island, Tetiaroa, in the Thitian group.
Marlon Brando finished
Marlon Brando had finished
After Marlon Brando had finished
44. The examiner made us ________ our identification in order to be
admitted to the test centre.
45. ______________ the Christmas season begins.
That is after Thanksgiving
After Thanksgiving it is
It is after Thanksgiving that
It is Thanksgiving that
46. The All Pueblo Council is said ________ from 1598.
47. _____________________ to find stars in pairs.
It is very common
Being very common
Very common is
That is very common
48. For the first time _____________, large portions of the universe can
be observed simultaneously.
of the beginning of history
49. In 1939 the Ohio and Mississippi rivers overflowed ___________ the
worst flood ever known in the United States.
the cause of
50. Through out history, the moon has inspired not only song and dance
and also poetry and prose
but poetry also prose
together with poetry and prose
but poetry and prose as well
51. Often a team of engineers are _________________.
work on one project
on one project work
working on one project
to working on one project
52. To release pain caused by severe burns, prevent infection, and treat
for shock, _________________.
taking immediate steps
to take immediate steps
take immediate steps
taken steps immediately
53. Nancy hasn't begun working on her Ph.D. ____________________
working on her master's.
still because she is yet
yet as a result she is still
yet because she is still
still while she is already
54. The students liked that professor's course because
there was few if any homework
not a lot of homework
of there wasn't a great amount of homework
there was little or no homework
55. _________________ received law degrees as today.
Never so many women have
Never have so many women
The women aren't ever
Women who have never
56. One of the Professor's greatest attributes is _____________________.
when he gives lectures
how in the manner that he lectures
the way to give lectures
his ability to lecture
57. Tears ___________ anger and tension naturally.
what they relieve
58. _________________, all matter is formed of molecules.
It doesn't matter if the complex
No matter how complex
How complex is not a matter
It's not a complex matter
59. The committee has met and ___________________________.
they have reached a decision
it has formulated themselves some opinions
its decision was reached at
it has reached a decision
60. Having been served lunch,
the problem was discussed by the members of the committee
the committee members discussed the problem
it was discussed by the committee members the problem
a discussion of the problem was made by the members of the
61. Questions 61-64:
The returning boomerang is constructed in such a way that it sails on a
circular trajectory and returns to the thrower. A trained hunter can
throw a boomerang so that it will sweep up to a height of 50 feet,
complete a circle 50 feet in diameter, and then spin along several smaller,
iterative circles before it lands near the thrower. Experts can make
boomerangs ricochet off the ground, circle, and come back. Hunters use
them to drive birds into nets by making the boomerangs spin above the
flock sufficiently high to fool the birds into reacting to it as if it were a
predator. Ordinarily, a returning boomerang is 12 to 30 inches long, 1 to
3 inches wide, and less than half an inch thick. Its notorious pointed ends
are not honed enough to allow the boomerang to serve as a weapon or to
be even remotely threatening.
By contrast, the nonreturning boomerang is substantially heavier and
can be used as a weapon. This type of boomerang is made to be 3 to 5
inches in diameter and 2 to 3 feet long, and may weigh up to 2 pounds.
The power with which the boomerang hits its target is sufficient to kill or
maim either an animal or a foe. All boomerangs are hurled in the same
manner. The thrower grasps one end, pointing both ends outward.
Having positioned the boomerang above and behind the shoulder, the
thrower propels it toward with a snapping wrist motion to give it a twirl.
The quality of the inial twirl conveys the propulsion to the weapon and
provides its distinctive momentum.
61. The author of the passage implies that throwing boomerangs ...
creates a circular air channel near the ground.
can be useful in devising sailing trajectories.
entails skill and requires practiced coordination.
makes them pause in mid-air before they rise to a certain height.
62. According to the passage, the boomerang can be used to ...
position a flock
stupefy a flock
63. It can be inferred from the passage that whether or not a boomerang
can serve as a weapon depends primarily on ...
the propulsion of its ends
the power of the thrower
64. The author of the passage implies that boomerangs ....
can disarm an energy.
can locate a target.
are alike in shape.
are monumental in flight
65. Questions 65-69:
Almon Strowger, an American engineer, constructed the first automatic
telephone switching system, which had a horizontal, bladelike contact
arm, in 1891. The first commercial switchboard based on his invention
opened in La Porte, Indiana, a year later and was an instant success with
business users. To access the system, the caller pressed buttons to reach
the desired number and turned the handle to activate the telephone
ringer. During the same year, Strowger's step-by-step call advancement
technology was implemented in the long-distance service between New
York and Chicago when it proved to have the capacity of carrying
signals through cable-joint extensions.
The first actual dial telephones, patented by Lee De Forest in 1907, were
installed in Milwaukee in 1896. In 1912, their sound transmittal
apparatus adapted an electronic tube to function as an amplifier.
Transatlantic radio-telephone service linked New York and London in
1927. However, the long distance coaxial cable. which was hailed as
unprecedented, came on the scene in 1936 connecting New York and
Philadelphia. The Bell Laboratories research facility came up with the
transistor to replace the cumbersome vacuum tube, thus diminishing the
size of the electronic switch system to about 10 per cent of that of the
original. Crossbar switching, installed in terminals in 1938, operated on
the principle of an electromagnetic force, which rotated horizontal and
vertical bars within a rectangular frame and brought contacts together
in a split second. A technological break-through in the form of underseas
cables between the United States and Hawaii was implemented almost
twenty years later. An extension was connected to Japan in 1964.
65. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?
The Patent History of the Telephone
A link between Research and Technology
The Telephone: A Technological Fantasy
The Developing Sophistication of the Telephone
66. It can be inferred from the passage that initially telephones ...
utilized human operators.
did not have a bell.
were limited to businesses.
revitalized business in La Porte, Indiana.
67. Why did Strowger's switchboard find application in long-distance
It could carry connections through cable extensions.
It could handle a large volume of simultaneous calls.
It required the caller to activate switches.
It was prevalent in commercial enterprises.
68. How did Lee De Forest improve the existing telephone?
He integrated the mouthpiece and the receiver.
He modified a pipe to transmit sound.
He created a device to boost the reception quality.
He made implementation of the dial system possible.
69. The author of the passage implies that telephone networks expanded
because of ...
a series of breakthroughs.
the work of a few inventors.
multiple technical blunders.
staunch public and private support.
70. Questions 70-74:
Many people think there is no need to take special care over home
" I'm all right, I'm insured"
Maybe - if you're fully insured. EVen then you can never recover the real
value you place upon your possessions. But you can't insure against the
upset and unhappiness that we all feel if our homes are torn aprt by
some stranger. Our windows and doors smashed, our precious
"It won't happen to me"
Won't it? A home is broken into every minute or so of the day. Thefts of
all kinds, including cars and property stolen from cars, happen twice as
"I've nothing worth stealing"
You may think not. But in fact everyone has something worth a thief's
attention. And we all have things of special value to us even if they're
worth little or nothing in cash terms.
"I'm only a tenant here"
The thief doesn't care whether you're a tenant or an owner-occupier.
You're just as likely to be robbed. Have a word with the owner of the
house if you think extra locks and fastenings are necessary.
"They'll get in anyway"
Most thieves are on the lookout for easy jobs. They are soon discouraged
by houses they can't get into quickly and easily. So it's worth taking care.
This booklet will help you -
It's based on the practical experience of police forces throughout the
country. Most of the suggestions will cost you only a few minutes extra
time and thought. A few may involve some expense, but this is small
compared with the loss and unhappiness you might otherwise suffer.
If you are in doubt, ask for free advice from teh crime Prevention Office
at your local police station.
70. Why should you still worry about protecting your possessions when
you have insured them?
You tend to undervalue your possessions.
You cannot insure against damage to property.
A robbery can ruin your happiness at home.
It takes a long time to recover all your money.
71. What should a tenant do if he is worried about the security of his
fit new locks on all the doors
discuss the matter with the owner
complain to the police
increase his own insurance
72. The advertisement says that most thieves ...
prefer stealing from offices
like causing a lot of damage
will break in anywhere they want to
are put off by good security arrangements
73. It seems that many people think that ...
the police will protect them from thieves.
their houses ought to be more secure.
thieves will not choose to steal from them.
thieves only steal from house-owners.
74. This advertisement for a booklet aims to influence people who ...
have had their houses broken into.
are not properly insured.
are afraid of what thieves might do.
have not thought much about security.
75. Questions 75-78:
I hated almost every day of my time at boarding school and, in any case,
my first term was a disaster. I found it very difficult to settle down and
my unhappiness was made worse because I was also unhappy at home. A
happy home life gives you a base from which you can go into the world
with confidence. But if life at home is difficult, life away at boarding-
school is almost impossible. Apart from having to keep a great many
rules and customs, many of which seemed to me stupid, we were never
allowed to be alone. You had to be with another boy at all times. I am
extremely dependent on being alone part of every day, so daily life at
school was very hard for me, though the other boys managed fairly well.
In the middle of the first term, I developed a cough. The school nurse
said it was a " stomach cough", whatever that may be, and gave me some
pills. However, afterwards, playing football in a snowstorm, I suddenly
could not breathe properly and was taken to hospital ill with bronchitis
and pneumonia. Almost at once I was put into a small room with another
boy who was also very ill. He died and I nearly did. My main memory of
my stay at the hospital was that the night-nurses used to get together in
my rooms and played cards and chat. Keeping the light on and keepping
me awake when I was seriously ill didn't bother them. When I had
recovered I was sent home for a few weeks and missed a term.
When I returned to school, I was sent to bed early because of my illness,
and so managed to get a brief period alone every day. Later on, when I
went into the Senior part of the school, I was allowed to go to the school
library by myself, which was a great improvement.
The day I left the school, the headmaster said goodbye and asked
whether it was a sad day for me. I replied that it was the happiest day of
my life. He said I would come to think of my time at the school very
differently. I said I was sure that I would not. Though I have had
unhappy days since that day, I have found that my conclusions then -
that nothing afterwards could ever be so bad as boarding school - have
been proved true.
75. The author's illness during teh first term was ...
so serious he nearly died.
caused by getting cold when playing games.
not so bad as he had feared.
not treated by the school nurse.
76. In the hospital he ...
felt very sorry for the other patients.
was afraid to bother the nurses.
didn't notice whether it was night or day.
found the nurses' behaviour disturbed him.
77. The result of his illness was that he ...
was away from school for a year.
was taught in the school library
had some private time for himself
had to do his homework in bed.
78. When the author was leaving school, the headmaster believed the
author would ...
realise how good school life had been.
be unhappy after he left school.
be thankful to be leaving school.
regret his last day at school.
79. Questions 79-90:
As many as one thousand years ago in the Southwest, the Hopi and Zuni
Indians of North America were building with adobe-sun-baked brick
plastered with mud. Their homes looked remarkably like modern
apartment houses. Some were four stories high and contained quarters
for perhaps a thousand people, along with store rooms for grain and
other goods. These buildings were usually put up against cliffs both to
make construction easier and for defense against enemies. They were
really villages in themselves, as later Spanish explorers must have
realized since they call them "pueblos," which is Spanish for town.
The people of the pueblos raised what are called "the three sisters" -
corn, beans, and squash. They made excellent pottery and wove
marvelous baskets, some so fine that they could hold water. The
Southwest has always been a dry country, where water is scarce. The
Hopi and Zuni brought water from streams to their fields and gardens
though irrigation ditches. Water was so important that it played a major
role in their religion. They developed elaborate ceremonies and religious
rituals to bring rain.
They way of life of less-settled groups was simpler and more strongly
influenced by nature. Small tribes such as teh Shoshone and Ute
wandered the dry and mountainous lands between the Rocky Mountains
and the Pacific Ocean. They gather seeds and hunted small animals such
as rabbits and snakes. In the Far North the ancestors of today's Inuit
hunted seals, walruses, and the great whales. They lived right on the
frozen seas in shelters called igloos built of packed snow. When summer
came, they fished for salmon and hunted the lordly caribou.
The Chyene, Pawnee, and Sioux tribes, known as the Plains Indians,
lived on the grasslands between the Rocky Mountains and the
Mississippi River. They hunted bison, commonly called the buffalo. Its
meat was the chief food of these tribes, and its hide was used to make
their clothing and the covering of their tents and tipis.
79. What does the passage mainly discuss?
The architecture of early American Indian buildings
The movement of American Indians across North America
Ceremonies and rituals of American Indians
The way of life of American Indian tribes in early North America
80. According to the passage, the Hopi and Zuni typically built their
next to streams.
on open plains.
81. The word "They" in line 8 refers to ...
82. It can be inferred from the passage that the dwellings of the Hopi and
Zuni were ...
difficult to defend
83. The author uses the phrase "the three sisters" in lines 11 to refer to ...
84. The word "scarce" in line 15 is closest in meaning to ...
85. Which of the following is true of the Shoshone and Ute?
They were not as settled as the Hopi and Zuni.
They hunted caribou.
They built their homes with adobe.
They did not have many religious ceremonies.
86. According to the passage, which of the following tribes lived in the
The Shoshone and Ute
The Cheyenne and Sioux
The Hopi and Zuni
The Pawnee and Inuit
87. Which of the following animals was most important to the Plains
88. Which of the following is NOT mentioned by the author as a dwelling
place of early North Americans?
89. The author gives an explanation for all of the following words
90. The author groups North American Indians according to their ...
tribes and geographical regions
arts and crafts
rituals and ceremonies
date of appearance on the continent
91. Questions 91-100:
People appear to be born to compute. The numerical skills of children
develop so early and so inexorably that it is easy to imagine an internal
clock of mathematical maturity guiding their growth. Not long after
learning to walk and talk, they can set the table with impressive accuracy
- one plate, one knife, one spoon, one fork, for each of the five chairs.
Soon they are capable of noting that they have placed five knives, spoons,
and forks on the table and, a bit later, that this amounts to fifteen pieces
of silverware. Having thus mastered addition, they move on to
subtraction. It seems almost reasonable to expect that if the child were
secluded on a desert island at birth and retrieved seven years later, he or
she could enter a second-grade mathematics class without any serious
probelms of intellectual adjustment.
Of course, the truth is not so simple. This century, the work of cognitive
psychologists has illuminated the subtle forms of daily learning on which
intellectual progress depends. Children were observed as they slowly
grasped, or , as the case may be, bumped into - concepts that adults take
for granted, as they refused, for instance, to concede that quantity is
unchanged as water pours from a short stout glass into a tall thin one.
Psychologists have since demonstrated that young children, asked to
count the pencils in a pile, readily report the number of blue or red
pencils, but must be coaxed into finding the total. Such studies have
suggested that the rudiments of mathematics are mastered gradually,
and with effort. They have also suggested that the very concept of
abstract numbers - the idea of a oneness, a twoness, a threeness that
applies to any class of objects and is a prerequisite for doing anything
more mathematically demanding than setting a table - is itself far from
91. What does the passage mainly discuss?
Trends in teaching mathematics to children
The use of mathematics in child psychology
The development of mathematical ability in children
The fundamental concepts of mathematcis that children must learn.
92. It can be inferred from the passage that children normally learn
simple counting ...
soon after they learn to talk
by looking at the clock
when they begin to be mathematically mature
after they reach second grade in school
93. The word "illuminated" in line 15 is closest in meaning to ...
94. The author implies that most small children believe that the quantity
of water changes when it is transferred to a container of a different ...
95. According to the passage, when small children were asked to count a
pile of red and blue pencils, they ...
counted the number of pencils of each color
guessed a total number of pencils
counted only the pencils of their favorite color
subtracted the number of red pencils from the number of blue
96. The word "They" in line 24 refers to ...
97. The word "prerequisite" in line 27 is closest in meaning to ...
98. The word "itself" in line 28 refers to ...
the concept of abstract numbers
any class of objects
setting a table
99. With which of the following statements would the author be LEAST
likely to agree?
Children naturally and easily learn mathematics.
Children learn to add before they learn to subtract.
Most people follow the same pattern of mathematical development.
Mathematical development is subtle and gradual
100. Where in the passage does the author give an example of a