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Du bow digest american edition may 7, 2011
 

Du bow digest american edition may 7, 2011

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A newsletter on American Jewish - German Relations.

A newsletter on American Jewish - German Relations.

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    Du bow digest american edition may 7, 2011 Du bow digest american edition may 7, 2011 Document Transcript

    • AN AMERICAN JEWISH – GERMAN INFORMATION & OPINION NEWSLETTER dubowdigest@optonline.netAMERICAN EDITIONMay 7, 2011Dear Friends:O.K. so I’m late with this edition. In promising last time that the next edition would bein late April I forgot to factor in the Passover holiday, the long Easter holiday inGermany, and the AJC Global Forum in Washington. My apologies.In the coming weeks I’ll be taking a brief Upstate New York vacation and thenproceeding on to Germany accompanying the 2011 AJC – Adenauer FoundationExchange group to Munich and Berlin. Therefore, the next edition of DuBow Digestwill not be coming your way until early June. I’m sure you’ll survive.Let’s get on with the news…IN THIS EDITIONHAMAS – FATAH & GERMANY - A tricky matter for Germany & the EU.THE GLOBAL FORUM – The German Defense Minister speaks at the AJC annualmeeting.GERMAN BUSINESS & IRAN – Follow the Geld.A LITTLE HYPOCRACY? – Do pacificism and business go together?THE SUB – Israel gets it. Price not announced.ANTI-EVERYTHING – She’s anti-Israel and anti-Semitic but she’s elected.RIGHT WING POPULISM: A THREAT? – Will Finland infect Germany? 1
    • THE SARRAZIN FLAP CONTINUES – He is not shown the door.HAMAS – FATAH & GERMANYAfter signing the agreement with Hamas, President Abbas proceeded on to Berlin tomeet with Chancellor Merkel. The New York Times reported, “In Berlin, Mrs. Merkelis skeptical about the Palestinian unity deal because Hamas does not recognize theright of Israel to exist and has not renounced terrorism.The Central Council of Jews in Germany warned the government in Berlin onThursday that the Palestinian unity meant that it was “not possible for Hamas to be apeace partner for Israel,” according to Dieter Graumann, the council’s president,speaking on German radio.But Germany’s opposition Social Democrats said the unity agreement betweenFatah and Hamas should be welcomed by the government. “The overcoming of the divisions in the Palestinian society is a prerequisite for asuccessful peace process with Israel,” said Rolf Mützenich, a Social Democratlawmaker and foreign affairs spokesman. Despite Mrs. Merkel’s criticism of the unity accord, she has been outspoken aboutIsrael’s continuing policy of building settlements in the West Bank. During talks inFebruary and April with Mr. Netanyahu, she tried to persuade him to use thechanges sweeping across the Middle East as a reason to restart the peace talkswith the Palestinians.But she has also said she will urge Mr. Abbas not to press for a United Nationsdeclaration of statehood, according to German news reports. While Israel refuses todeal with Hamas, Mr. Abbas says the Palestinians cannot return to peace talkswithout a halt to all settlement activity by Israel.Deutsche Welle reported, “German Chancellor Angela Merkel and PalestinianPresident Mahmoud Abbas have emphasized the need for Israel and thePalestinians to resume their peace talks."Given the very changed situation across the entire North African region, I think apeaceful solution is even more urgent… than it has been for a long time," Merkelsaid after a meeting with Abbas in the German capital, Berlin. 2
    • With Israel in mind, Berlin has thus far rejected any sort of cooperation with Hamas.And Merkel doesnt even want to speculate about the possibility of the UnitedNations General Assembly recognizing a Palestinian state without the resumption ofpeace talks.In their reconciliation agreement, Fatah and Hamas stated their intention to petitionthe General Assembly for recognition."We want a two-state solution," Merkel said, "and we need to work on this two-statesolution. We dont think unilateral steps help the situation."Obviously, it is much too early to see which way the EU countries, particularlyGermany and France who are not in agreement, will use their considerable politicalpower in this matter. Thus far, Chancellor Merkel is maintaining her position. I guessthat is about as much as can be expected. The next major “happening” will be PrimeMinister Netanyahu’s speech to the U.S. Congress and the results of his meetingwith Pres. Obama which will take place later this month. We, like everybody else, willjust have to wait to see what happens. The situation is so fluid that there is just noway to know how it will go.THE GLOBAL FORUMThe AJC Global Forum (It used to be called the Annual Meeting) in Washington wasquite an event. 1500 people attended the various sessions. Of German interest wasa major presentation by German Defense Minister Thomas de Maizière (see below)and two by my colleague Deidre Berger – one on the situation in Germany and theother on integration. In addition, Stephan Kramer, the Secy. General of the CentralCouncil of Jews in Germany (Zentralrat) also spoke.According to an AJC release:“Israel’s security today is part of Germany’s raison d’être,” German Defense MinisterThomas de Maizière told the AJC 2011 Global Forum. “This is a principle thatdetermines our political action. It is also our response to our history.”De Maizière addressed the global Jewish advocacy organization’s annual galaThursday night on his first visit to the United States since he assumed the post ofdefense minister. In the standing-room-only audience of more than 1500 was a largedelegation from Israels National Defense College, including a German officer.“It is living proof of the strong links that have been forged between the Bundeswehrand the Israel Defense Forces,” said de Maizière. “It also shows how vibrant are therelations between Germany and Israel today.” 3
    • The defense minister praised the close relationship between AJC and Germany,which began shortly after World War Il at the governmental level, and over thedecades has expanded to civil society and the military. “The AJC and theBundeswehr have been longstanding partners for 17 years,” he said. In 2009, thethen German minister of defense and AJCs executive director signed anunprecedented agreement to jointly sponsor missions to Israel for German militaryofficers.De Maizière spoke about the importance of the transatlantic partnership, the sharedrole of the U.S. and Europe in furthering global stability, and how the current turmoilacross the Arab world presents opportunities to build democratic societies in thatcritical region.“The U.S. should consider that Europe remains in the long run the most stable andthe most predictable partner in the world,” said de Maizière. Emphasizing the pivotalrole of the transatlantic partnership, he added that “we Europeans should notcultivate any intellectual and arrogant anti-Americanism.”The defense minister suggested that an active transatlantic partnership “can have astabilizing effect” in the Middle East and North Africa by encouraging and promotingthe build-up of new and hopefully democratic structures.”But he also raised questions about longstanding European polices in the MiddleEast. “We need to ask ourselves whether we took the easy way out in someoccasions in the past. We need to ask ourselves whether we failed to hear the callfor freedom the way we should have. And we need to ask ourselves whether wewere too preoccupied with our own economic interests,” de Maizière said.Looking ahead, the defense minister stressed that “the spirit of freedom cannot besuppressed in the long run,” though achieving liberty and democracy will take timeand face innumerable hurdles.“The power of the ideas of freedom and democracy is greater than thepowerlessness against the regime,” said de Maizière. “In the times of Face book,Twitter and social networks, these notions spread more rapidly and defy the force ofcensorship.”While acknowledging that the international community faces “tremendouschallenges” in dealing with the unfolding situations in a growing number of Arabcountries, he also emphasized that “the establishment of a new order in whichhuman and civil rights are respected is first and foremost the responsibility of thepeople themselves.”In introducing Minister de Maizière noted David Harris noted the close relationshipAJC has with the Federal Republic. He asked those that had visited Germany on anAJC program to stand up. Much even to my surprise, several hundred rose 4
    • indicating the interest AJC and its membership have in the relationship betweenGermany and AJC.GERMAN BUSINESS & IRANIt is no secret that while the German government has taken a fairly hard line positionencouraging German companies not to do business with Iran, for many of them ithas fallen on deaf ears. As a blogger named Makanaka pointed out, “Germany hasbeen intensely involved in the international effort to thwart Iran’s nuclear weaponsdevelopment program. Yet, while Chancellor Merkel has vocally stated heropposition to Iran’s acquisition of a nuclear weapon, Germany has continued to beIran’s largest trading partner in the EU and – whatever shape the coalitiongovernment in Berlin has taken – it has been pro-business, favouring commercialties over the West’s security interests.AJC reported in a Berlin press release, “AJC Berlin has appealed to 61 Germancompanies participating in the “Iran Oil Show 2011” in Tehran to reconsider theirattitude towards Iran."In light of the current struggles for more freedom in the Middle East, we ask you toreevaluate your business activities in this rapidly changing region,” Deidre Berger,director of AJC Berlin, wrote in a letter to the head of each of the Germancompanies participating in the trade show, April 16-19. “The international communityhas tightened again and again its sanctions against Iran to signal that it isdisqualified as a trading partner as long as it violates UN Security Councilresolutions on its nuclear program, not to mention the human rights of its owncitizens.”Germany is Irans largest trading partner in Europe, with 3.8 billion Euros in exportslast year, despite the halt in new Iran business contracts in 2010 of six majorGerman corporations. Since expanded EU sanctions against Iran went into effect inOctober 2010, trade figures have steadily slowed, with a 15 percent decline inDecember compared to the previous year.On a related matter, AJC takes note of the German governments rethinkingconcerning the operations of the European Iranian Trade Bank in Hamburg. Thebank, astonishingly, has continued to finance business deals with Iran. According tonews reports, however, closing the bank is now finally under serious considerationby government officials, a move AJC has repeatedly requested in meetings with topGerman leaders in Berlin.I guess that as long as all trading with Iran is not a violation of the law, a substantialamount of business will continue. As pointed out in the press release, six majorcorporations have already pulled out of the Iran trade. However, while there is a 5
    • dollar or a Euro to be made trade will continue. I can hear German businessmensaying that if they don’t do business with Iran, the Chinese certainly will.I think the only course to take is to increase the political pressure as much aspossible and hope that more industry people and firms will come around. Even withthat there is always the possibility of third country trade (sell to a country that sells toIran) so, frankly, I am not very hopeful about the impact of sanctions and boycotts.As Deep Throat said, “Follow the money”.A LITTLE HYPOCRACY?I try not to be critical of people, institutions or countries – Germany included.However, when one of its own august journals, Deutsche Welle points out behaviorthat is in opposition to principle that calls for some examination.In a recent article DW-World points out, “Out of principle, the German governmentrefused to take part in military action against Libyan dictator Gadhafi. But it appearsselling arms to both sides of international conflicts has never been a problem forBerlin.Jürgen Grässlin is a veteran activist and chairman of the non-governmentalorganization Armaments Information Bureau (RIB), which seeks out the details ofGermanys weapons exports - both legal and illegal. He has received a lot morerequests ever since popular uprisings began in the Middle East and North Africaearlier this year. Many journalists and politicians have been calling to find outprecisely which German weapons are being used to suppress which oppositionmovements in which countries.Grässlin discovered that in 2009 Heckler and Koch legally sold 13,000 rounds ofammunition for its G3 and MP5 machine guns to the Bahraini government."Now we see that in the last few weeks, the Bahraini police has used weapons,including these machine guns, against the democracy movement," Grässlin toldDeutsche Welle. "We Germans are once again participating in killing around theworld, in this case in Bahrain."Grässlin says that what makes German weapons exports unique is the hypocrisyinvolved. While the two biggest weapons exporters, the US and Russia, have ahistory of military intervention since the Second World War, Germany has alwaysmade a show of being pacifist. It was apparent in the opposition to the Iraq war, thereluctance to send troops to Afghanistan, and it was made clear again in March,when Merkel refused to vote for the United Nations resolution on military action inLibya. 6
    • Both the German Foreign and Economics Ministries declined to comment directly onGrässlins accusations, but the Economics Ministry referred Deutsche Welle to itsannual weapons exports report. In its explanation of the approval process thatgoverns weapons exports, the report refers to a principle agreed by the cabinet onJanuary, 19, 2000: "Armaments exports are categorically not approved if there issufficient suspicion that the armaments in question are being used for internalrepression or other continuing and systematic human rights abuses."In the cases of the EADS deals with Libya and the Heckler and Koch deals withBahrain at least, it appears this principle was disregarded.Its the gap between the human rights rhetoric and the active encouragement of thearms trade that Grässlin finds most "sickening.""In Germany the contradiction is really extreme," he said. "They say on the one handthey dont deliver weapons to countries that abuse human rights, but then every yearyou can read in the weapons exports reports which human rights-abusing countrieshave been supplied with German weapons. There is no area of German foreign andeconomic policy that is so dishonest and which has so many consequences in termsof the number of victims than the arms industry."It is a recognized fact that there is a commodity in this world called “weapons” andthat many (Most? All?) industrialized countries where they are manufactured sellthem. The defense industry in the U.S. leads the way. However, we are far frompacifist and militarily interventionist. So our behavior is, at least, consistent. As HerrGrässlin points out, that is not the case with Germany. While I think there might be alittle hypocrisy here, I’ve never been all that unhappy with Germany’s pacifistleanings. Germans have learned that they won more in peace than they did in twohorrible World Wars. Who needs a militaristic behemoth in the middle of Europe?One caveat, however. Extreme pacificism is sometimes blinding. In Germany, some“off the deep end” pacifists do not consider terrorism as warlike behavior so theyhave plugged themselves into the Palestinian, anti-Israel camp. When they equateself-defense with aggression that’s just too much! However, trumping everything isprofit. Sometime you have to rise above principle. (ouch!)THE SUBAs above, the Germans may be pacifist but when it comes to doing business, well,that’s another matter – even if the profit margins are not what they might be whendealing with Israel.A couple of editions ago I wrote about the sale by Germany of a much neededsubmarine to the Israel Defense Forces. The Jerusalem post recently reported, “Thepurchase of a sixth submarine from Germany was finalized, with payment to bespread over several years, an official said on Thursday. 7
    • The proposed expansion of the diesel-powered Dolphin submarine fleet, consideredIsraels vanguard against foes like Iran, had been held up by wrangling with Berlinover the $500 million to $700 million price tag.Israel currently operates three Dolphins and has two more on order from Germanywith delivery expected in the next two years.Germany had sold those submarines at deep discounts. But Berlin, beset bybudgetary constraints, balked in talks last year at similarly underwriting the sixthDolphin."Its finalized -- we will be getting another submarine from Germany, with paymentsspread over several years," an Israeli official briefed on the negotiations said.The official did not immediately say how much the Dolphin would cost Israel orwhether Germany would arrange a discount.German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who hosted Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahulast month, has been sympathetic to his regional concerns and championedinternational diplomatic campaigns to rein in Tehran. But Berlin has in the pastheard misgivings from German opposition parties about exporting weapons to crisisareas.Once again, I think we can thank Chancellor Angela Merkel for standing fast insupport of Israel. The more left wing parties are, of course, against the selling ofweapons and when you mix in a little negative feeling about Israel you get thepressure the Chancellor was feeling. However, she hung tough and the sale is goingthrough. Hooray for Angie!ANTI-EVERYTHINGYou don’t have to be a neo-Nazi or an Islamic extremist to be violently anti-Israel oran anti-Semite. How about being a member of the Bundestag (Parliament)? If yourname is Inge Hoeger you pretty much fit the behavior profile of what such a personis and does.Ms. Hoeger is a Left Party Bundestag member who seems to be opposed to allthings Israeli and Jewish. The Jerusalem Post reported, “Inge Höger, a Left Partymember of the Bundestag who was aboard the Mavi Marmara when it tried to breakthe blockade of Gaza last May, had reportedly attributed the recent murders byPalestinians of pro- Palestinian Israeli filmmaker Juliano Mer-Khamis and Italianactivist Vittorio Arrigoni to Israel’s government.“Inge Höger’s wild conspiracy theory is pure speculation, without any concrete 8
    • factual basis,” Volker Beck, a leading German Green Party MP and spokesman forthe party on human rights, said last week. “She employs the centuries-old image ofthe perfidiously murderous Jews. After the terrible murder of Vittorio Arrigoni in theGaza Strip, only one thing is apparently clear to the Left Party: Israel is guilty. Andshould the opposite be proven, a lingering doubt will remain,” he said.Writing on her Left Party website, Höger asked: “The question one must pose is:Who profits from this terrible crime? First of all, now two of the activists most‘dangerous’ for Israel, because they were the most engaged, well known and noted,are eliminated.The murders of Vittorio and Juliano could also be a means of dealing a serious blowto the international solidarity movement – especially given the upcoming secondflotilla and the fact that international activists still won’t let themselves be preventedfrom going to Palestine.”She continued, “In the past there have been many documented false flag attacks(for example, the Lavon Affair [in 1954]), and in the Palestinian territories there areconstantly cases of collaboration by Palestinians with Israel in the murder ofPalestinians – for money, for a new ID card, for travel permits.”The German daily Die Welt on Friday called Höger a “flawless anti-Semite” becauseof her anti-Israel and anti-Jewish comments.While the Hamas authorities arrested radical Salafists for the murder of Arrigoni inthe Gaza Strip on April 15, the killers of Mer-Khamis, who was murdered in Jenin onApril 4, have not been apprehended.I guess there is not much that can be done about Ms. Hoeger except what VolkerBeck (a good friend of AJC’s) has done which is to denounce her publicly. Inaddition, there is also not much that can be done about the Left Party which is madeup of former East German communists and extreme left members of the SocialDemocrats. One would hope that the less extreme members of the Left Party mightbe moved to speak out but, frankly, that would mean a break in ranks and that isprobably too much to ask since their pro-Palestinian, anti-Israel positions are firmlyentrenched in party policy.There is more to the story. Click here to read it.http://www.jpost.com/International/Article.aspx?id=217667RIGHT WING POPULISM: A THREAT?The recent election in Finland which seriously increased the power of the True FinnParty, a right wing nationalist party, has sent shock waves throughout much ofEurope. 9
    • Spiegel On-Line reported, “Until now, the small country in the far northeasterncorner of the continent was seen as a model member of the European Union. It wasknown for its successful export-oriented companies, liberal social policies and thebest-performing school students in the Western industrialized world. It is ironic that itis here in Finland -- a part of Europe that always seemed eminently European -- thata movement is now coming to power that inveighs against immigrants andabortions, considers Brussels to be the "heart of darkness" and rejects all financialassistance for what it calls "wasteful countries," like Greece, Ireland and Portugal.The election result from Europes far north has alarmed the political establishment inBrussels. If Soinis party becomes part of the new government, there will be more atstake than Helsinkis traditional pro-European stance. The entire program to rescuethe euro could be in jeopardy, because it has to be approved unanimously by theentire European Union.The successes of right-wing populists could indeed exacerbate the smoldering eurocrisis. Tensions between the wealthy countries in the north, who are contributingmost to the bailouts, and the ailing debtor nations in the periphery already threatento destroy the monetary union. If a European version of the American Tea Partymovement develops, it could very well become the kiss of death for the euro.The risk is substantial, as euroskeptics gain ground across the EU. In Denmark, thexenophobic Danish Peoples Party has supported a center-right minority governmentfor almost 10 years. In the Netherlands, Prime Minister Mark Rutte is dependent onthe goodwill of right-wing populist politician Geert Wilders, who, with his tiradesagainst Islam and the EU, captured 15.5 percent of the vote in the countrys lastparliamentary election. In Sweden, the nationalist, anti-European SwedenDemocrats crossed the 4-percent threshold to gain seats in the parliament, theRiksdag, and in Italy Umberto Bossis xenophobic Lega Nord, or Northern League, iseven part of the government. Although the party is primarily active in the north ofItaly, it is the third-strongest party on the national level.Only in the core European countries of Germany and France has opposition to theEU long been restricted to marginal groups. In both Berlin and Paris, a strongcommitment to Europe has traditionally been considered part of the national interestand was something that transcended party lines.But that too could change, especially now that the True Finns have demonstrated inHelsinki how to achieve double-digit election results with nationalistic posturing. InGermany, the euroskeptics are trying to take over the pro-business Free DemocraticParty (FDP), and in France the nationalist right is eyeing the countrys highest office.Enthusiasm for the EU has also declined in Germany. An anti-Brussels movementcalled "Liberal Awakening" has developed within the FDP, once a strong advocate ofEuropean unity. Its leader is Frank Schäffler, a boyish-looking former insurance 10
    • agent who is a member of the German parliament. "We see ourselves as agrassroots movement," he says. "We are infiltrating the FDP from below."Schäfflers foray could create problems for Chancellor Angela Merkel. If members ofher center-right Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and its Bavarian sister party, theCSU, join the FDP renegades, the CDU/CSU and the FDP (who together make upMerkels coalition government) will lack the necessary majority in the Bundestag toapprove the new euro crisis fund, the European Stability Mechanism (ESM). OneCDU member of parliament, the budget policy expert Klaus-Peter Willsch, hasalready joined the ranks of the FDP rebels.So, what’s the bottom line here? The worldwide economic uncertainties and thegreat influx of Islamic people into Europe have triggered off a great deal of anxietyamong the voters there. Although we do not have the same sort of immigrationwave, similar emotions in the U.S. have led to the strong showings of the Tea Party.Will this wave of right wing populism affect Germany? Without question, in myopinion, the answer is yes. We’ll just have to see how deep it goes. So far, however,voter unhappiness has led to the strengthening of the left wing Green Party and notthose parties on the right. Will that change? We’ll have to wait and see. In themeantime it behooves us to understand that Germany is an integral part of Europeand what happens even in tiny Finland has implications for the Federal Republic.My advice? Stay tuned!THE SARRAZIN FLAP CONTINUESLast fall I reported on the uproar caused by the publication of a book entitledGermany Does Away With Itself written by a Social Democrat politician ThiloSarrazin. Mr. Sarrazin, a member of the Executive Board of the Bundesbank, hasadvocated (Wikipedia) a restrictive immigration policy (with the exception of thehighly skilled) and the reduction of state welfare benefits. There were severereactions to his statements on economic and immigration policy in Berlin, whichwere published in September 2009 in Lettre International, a German culturalquarterly. In it he described many Arab and Turkish immigrants as unwilling tointegrate.He has also said regarding Islam, “No other religion in Europe makes so manydemands. No immigrant group other than Muslims is so strongly connected withclaims on the welfare state and crime. No group emphasizes their differences sostrongly in public, especially through women’s clothing. In no other religion is thetransition to violence, dictatorship and terrorism so fluid.”Sarrazins book Deutschland schafft sich ab "Germany Does Away With Itself" or"Germany Abolishes Itself", presented at the end of August 2010, came under 11
    • criticism for claiming that Germanys immigrant Muslim population is reluctant tointegrate and tends to rely more on social services than to be productive.Furthermore, he calculates that their population growth may well overwhelm theGerman population within a couple of generations at the current rate, and that theirintelligence is lower as well. He proposes stringent reforms for the welfare system torectify the problems. The first edition of his book sold out within a few days. By theend of the year, the book had become Germanys number 1 hard-cover non-fictionbestseller for the year and was still at the top of the lists.An uproar was caused at the same time by an interview with Welt am Sonntag inwhich he claimed that "all Jews share a certain gene like all Basques share a certaingene that distinguishes these from other people.The Sarrazin issue surfaced again when The Local.de reported, “Prominent SocialDemocratic Party (SPD) politicians across the country have begun to air their deepdissatisfaction over the party leadership’s decision, announced last Thursday, toabandon expulsion proceedings against the former Bundesbank board member andBerlin finance minister.”Sergey Lagodinsky, founder of the Working Group of Jewish Social Democrats (anda former AJC staff member), announced he was quitting the party in protest,according to the Süddeutsche Zeitung. In a letter to SPD general secretary AndreaNahles he wrote that “as a Jewish person” he had seen the possibility “to revive thelong tradition of Jews in Germany, together with other minorities and the majority inour country.”This hope was however now dashed, he wrote.Sarrazin himself described the decision as a “victory for common sense.” He hadinsisted he did not mean to breach any basic social democratic principles notdiscriminate against any migrant.So, the internal disagreement continues. The stuff he writes is certainly tinged withracist thought. The material about the Jews, however, is the least of it. We shouldremember that there is such a thing in Germany as free speech and so a majorquestion is whether the SPD (Social Democrats), which is primarily liberal cancontinue with Sarrazin as a member. He has done nothing technically that wouldlead to his expulsion but his view of minority affairs in Germany is certainly at oddswith the vast majority of SPD members.Interestingly, Klaus von Dohnanyi, a former Minister President of Hamburg and aformer Bundestag member, “… offered to defend Sarrazin as the SPD seeked toexpel him, told the Süddeutsche Zeitung newspaper how Germany wasovershadowed by its Holocaust history and how a culture had developed wherebyanyone saying the words "gene" or "Jew" is automatically considered suspect. Hecomplains that we shy away from debates that "are commonplace in other 12
    • countries." Among those is the discussion that "specific ethnic groups" sharespecific characteristics.So, as you can see the Sarrazin flap goes much deeper than just the party fate ofMr. Sarrazin. The issue of what can be public discourse in Germany and what canbe said about Jews, race and minorities is something that is being sorted out withconsiderable pain.********************************************************************************************See you again in June.DuBow Digest is written and published by Eugene DuBow who can be contacted byclicking here.Both the American and Germany editions are posted atwww.dubowdigest.typepad.comClick here to connect 13
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