AMERICAN EDITION

January 10, 2011

Dear Friends:

We’re back! My frau and I had a great time during the holidays. I trave...
THE “NEW” ANTI-SEMITISM IN GERMANY

Haaretz reporting on an editorial in the Forward noted, “While Germany
continues to co...
history. “If you grew up with parents who came from Serbia, Turkey or Iraq, you
don’t identify with Jews as victims. It do...
First of all, the group of 8 was wonderful. Bright, young (mostly 30’s) highly
educated and deeply interested in Jewish ma...
The interview caused a massive outcry throughout Belgium. The French-
speaking daily Le Soir called it "a bomb" intended t...
team.”

The FDP’s persistently dire opinion poll ratings and the public’s generally
negative image of Westerwelle have bol...
The aim is to preserve the sprawling site, which draws 1 million visitors per year.

I’m not applauding Germany for its co...
Merkel wants to prove to voters at home that she represents German interests;
she hopes to keep German-funded rescue opera...
The suspension is also expected to lead to extra costs for social service
providers, who have so far benefited from the ci...
The postcards depict an idyllic mountain landscape with the famous Matterhorn
in the background. "The Swiss Example," they...
A former resident of Berlin, Nekrich said in an interview with the Berliner Zeitung
newspaper published Wednesday that he ...
increasingly influential in local municipalities and that the neo-Nazis are trying to
entrench themselves in daily life.

...
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Du bow digest american edition jan. 10, 2011

  1. 1. AMERICAN EDITION January 10, 2011 Dear Friends: We’re back! My frau and I had a great time during the holidays. I traveled with the Adenauer Exchange group, we saw our kids, made it up to the Berkshires (western Massachusetts), met good friends there (Heiner and frau for those of you who have been on the Adenauer Exchange), drove over to Owego, NY to bring in the New Year with other good friends (I was the Best Man at their wedding 47 years ago), back to the Berkshires and then home. I won’t say that Germany stood still while I was gone but Christmas time in the Federal Republic slows things down immeasurably so there were no great political upheavals. Those will be coming shortly when the State election season gets underway. That is not to say, however, that everything stood still. It didn’t! So, being happy to be back and supplying you with American Jewish – German happenings, let’s get on with the news…. IN THIS EDITION THE “NEW” ANTI-SEMITISM IN GERMANY – Anti-Israelism enters the picture. THE ADENAUER EXCHANGE GROUP – Terrific young people. BELGIUM – Will there be two Belgiums in the future? What are the implications? FREE DEMOCRAT PROBLEMS – Their poll numbers are terrible. Will they drag down the national coalition? AUSCHWITZ PRESERVATION – Who pays? You won’t be surprised. A WINNER! – Never underestimate a great politician. END OF THE DRAFT – Germany goes “professional”. WITH FRIENDS LIKE THESE…. - “No minarets” draws unwelcome friends. THE OLD ANTI-SEMITISM - ,,,and Nazism are still around. Frightening! 1
  2. 2. THE “NEW” ANTI-SEMITISM IN GERMANY Haaretz reporting on an editorial in the Forward noted, “While Germany continues to contend with vestiges of traditional anti-Semitism, a new and more deeply embedded strain has emerged related to Israel.” This is happening in a country that has confronted its Nazi past, where Holocaust education has long been mandatory and such expressions of anti-Semitism are illegal. Holocaust denial is a crime in Germany. But generational and demographic changes are converging in Germany today, and there is a shift afoot in the zeitgeist. While Germany continues to contend with vestiges of traditional anti-Semitism, a new and more deeply embedded strain has emerged related to Israel. Polls show that this strain is distinguishable from mere opposition to Israeli policies, or even from anti-Zionism. In a 2010 report by the University of Beilefeld’s Institute for Interdisciplinary Research on Conflict and Violence, institute researchers, who conduct an annual poll on anti- Semitism, found an increase linked specifically to Israel. Among their findings: More than 57% agreed that Israel is waging “a war of annihilation” against the Palestinians (up from 51% in 2009). In 2008 — the most recent year the question was asked — more than 40% agreed that “what Israel is doing to the Palestinians is basically no different from what the Nazis did with the Jews during the Third Reich.” More than 38% of Germans polled agreed that “considering the politics of Israel it is easy to see why one would have something against Jews” (up from 34% in 2009). Yet at the same time, 67.5% in the 2010 poll agreed with the statement, “I like it that increasingly more Jews live in Germany.” Muslim and classic right-wing anti-Semitism are combining with left-wing demonization of Israel to produce a toxic mix, despite Germany’s postwar efforts to ensure that future generations continue to learn the lessons of the Holocaust. This new strain renders old ways of combating anti-Semitism less effective. According to some observers, in Germany the Holocaust narrative is no longer the powerful antidote it once was. “There is so much exposure to World War II in the news media that the Holocaust has lost its shock effect,” said Deidre Berger, director of the American Jewish Committee’s Berlin office. Confronting the Nazi past is now far more difficult, because non-Jewish immigrants, especially Muslims, don’t identify with German history. “Germany is a very different country today,” Berger said, referring to the large influx of immigrants that have different cultural backgrounds and different perspectives on 2
  3. 3. history. “If you grew up with parents who came from Serbia, Turkey or Iraq, you don’t identify with Jews as victims. It doesn’t touch you emotionally.” This alienation from German history is compounded by the fact that many Muslim youths don’t feel accepted as Germans themselves. They show little interest in this dark chapter of German history. Despite widespread criticism of Israel within Germany, Chancellor Angela Merkel’s government continues to strongly support the Jewish state. Yoram Ben- Zeev, Israeli ambassador to Germany, spoke enthusiastically about his relationship with the chancellor during an interview at his embassy. The German- Israeli relationship remains strong despite differences over the West Bank settlements. Still, Ben-Zeev conceded that the German public has a negative view of Israel, as does most of Europe. Germany’s support for Israel, normally unwavering, is no longer automatic. Last July, the Bundestag unanimously condemned Israel for its attack on the Mavi Marmara, the Turkish ship bound for Gaza with humanitarian aid. I have excerpted much of the piece but not all. However, I think you get the point. There are many elements today feeding on emotions that bring to the surface strong anti-Israel feeling combined with multifaceted anti-Semitism. However, most Germans somehow understand that it is a positive for Germany to have a Jewish population. There are still relatively few Jews in the country and they are not very involved political matters and, therefore, are not all that visible. For instance, there are no visible Jewish leaders in the government. So, Jews as Jews are not a problem. To the educated elites they are a plus. Israel is a different story. Israel is in the news almost every day. There is strong “underdog” feeling on behalf of the Palestinians. Israel as the armed colossus violates the pacifist sense that most Germans have. Is there a little (or more than a little) latent anti-Semitism mixed in? No doubt the answer is yes. Luckily, the German government remains pro-Israel but even that feeling is beginning to erode. Tough times ahead! If you want to read the entire article click here. http://forward.com/articles/134143/ #ixzz19KSalpZH THE ADENAUER EXCHANGE GROUP I had the honor and pleasure of co-shepherding (with Sara Levin of AJC’s Washington Office) the German participants in the 30th annual Exchange Program AJC has with the Konrad Adenauer Foundation. What a trip! 3
  4. 4. First of all, the group of 8 was wonderful. Bright, young (mostly 30’s) highly educated and deeply interested in Jewish matters, they could not have been better representatives of the Foundation and of Germany. The Holocaust Museum in Washington and various lectures including one by Amb. Stuart Eizenstat, were the Washington highlights. In Atlanta they were welcomed at The Temple (Reform) and had dinner at the home of a dynamic young female rabbi. We attended services at a black Baptist church and flew up to New York. AJC’s Director David Harris and the agency’s “Jewish expert” Steve Bayme addressed them; they met with AJC’s young adult group (ACCESS) and had lunch at Katz’s Deli on the Lower East Side. If you want to improve relationships and understanding there is just no substitute for personal, face to face contact. I think the group returned to Germany better for the experience. I did too! BELGIUM I normally would not be reporting on Belgium, a country I know little about. I’ve been there a few times, enjoyed their wonderful beer, saw the sights in Brussels and left. It always seemed to be a very quiet place. Not so! I now read in De Spiegel that there is a movement afoot to split the country in two. It’s probably that I just wasn’t aware enough to know that the enormously strong differences between the two major ethnic groups that share the country had reached a fever pitch. Der Spiegel reports, “Six months after the general election, Belgium still has no new government. Flemish nationalist Bart De Wever, head of the country's largest party, wants to split Belgium into two states. In an interview that has caused a scandal in his country, he told SPIEGEL why the nation has "no future." Belgium has sunk into political chaos. Following the parliamentary elections six months ago, all attempts to build a new government have failed. The country is divided into two camps that oppose each other, apparently irreconcilably: the socialists, who won the most votes in Wallonia, the French-speaking southern region of the country, and the nationalist conservatives in Flanders, the wealthier Dutch-speaking northern region. The New Flemish Alliance (N-VA) obtained the most parliamentary seats in June's elections. Its leader Bart De Wever wants to split Belgium into two. In an interview with SPIEGEL that was published in German on Monday, De Wever described how Belgium is the "sick man" of Europe and has "no future in the long run." 4
  5. 5. The interview caused a massive outcry throughout Belgium. The French- speaking daily Le Soir called it "a bomb" intended to stir up the markets for Belgian government bonds. The Flemish newspapers were more sympathetic regarding the content of the interview, but criticized its timing. De Wever himself said he regretted it if anybody felt insulted but confirmed the message of the interview. "I have my opinion and my analysis is accurate," he said. "There is nothing in the interview that is not true." The full interview follows by clicking here. http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,734735,00.html I’m not at all sure what a separate state of Wallonia would mean for Europe. However, when two ethnic groups have irreconcilable differences the friction all too frequently affects other groups as well, especially minorities and particularly if extreme right nationalism emerges. You yourself can write the final paragraph. FREE DEMOCRAT PROBLEMS I have been reporting that the popularity of the Free Democratic Party (FDP) has disastrously dropped almost from the time they entered Germany’s ruling coalition with the CDU/CSU. As was normal, the head of the minor party in the coalition, the FDP in this case, was awarded the Foreign Minister’s role and party chair Guido Westerwelle moved into that position. With 7 State elections coming up this year, FDP leaders are getting nervous about their standing. So, according to The Local, “ Leading members of the pro- business Free Democratic Party are reportedly considering deposing Guido Westerwelle as party boss and foreign minister to reverse the FDP’s fortunes going into an important election year. The German media reported on Thursday that the so-called “Schaumburg Circle” – made up of influential Free Democrats including Economy Minister Rainer Brüderle – this week openly discussed replacing Westerwelle as FDP chairman in early January in the hope of avoiding disaster in several state elections in 2011. But unlike previous calls by prominent regional FDP politicians for him to hand over only the reins to the party, the group apparently also brought up the possibility of Westerwelle also resigning as foreign minister. “The people expect us to work for the agenda for which we were elected,” said Brüderle on Thursday, who is considered as a possible successor as FDP chairman. “We won as a team and we will overcome this difficult situation as a 5
  6. 6. team.” The FDP’s persistently dire opinion poll ratings and the public’s generally negative image of Westerwelle have bolstered his inner-party critics, who are demanding he step aside to enable a fresh start. His position was weakened further by recent revelations his chief of staff had fed information to US embassy officials during the FDP’s coalition negotiations with Chancellor Angela Merkel’s Christian Democrats last year. The future of the FDP is not only an important matter for the party faithful but also, I expect, for the CDU as well. The natural coalition partner for the CDU in almost any election, state or national, is the FDP. If they are weak then the successful possibilities for the CDU become greatly lessened. Normally, I would not expect such a major change as a party head to step down. But politics in Germany, like those almost everywhere, is a tough game with winning all that is important. Moral victories don’t count much. We’ll just have to wait and see how deep the unrest with Westerwelle goes. However, now that the unrest has hit the media – well, we just can’t tell where it will end up. Stay tuned! For some more in-depth coverage click here. http://www.thelocal.de/politics/20101219-31905.html AUSCHWITZ PRESERVATION Whatever one thinks about Germany, one has to admit that the Federal Republic is almost unique in living up to its responsibilities when it comes to the Jewish community and the Holocaust. Incidentally, my thoughts are mostly positive. I think it has become common knowledge that the Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial barracks were falling apart and that a sizeable financial had to be made in order for them to be kept in a decent state of repair. Who steps in? Germany with a grant of $80 million dollars. Haaretz reported, “Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle says Germany will pay $80 million over the next year into a new fund for Auschwitz-Birkenau to preserve barracks, gas chambers and other evidence of Nazi crimes at the former death camp. Westerwelle said Wednesday it's Germany's historical responsibility to educate this and future generations about the Holocaust. At least 1.1 million people, primarily Jews, were killed at the camp in Nazi-occupied Poland. The donation is about half of what experts believe is needed. Auschwitz memorial spokesman Jaroslaw Mensfelt says the U.S. has pledged $15 million, Austria 6 million, and other countries have promised smaller amounts. 6
  7. 7. The aim is to preserve the sprawling site, which draws 1 million visitors per year. I’m not applauding Germany for its contribution. After all, if it wasn’t for Germany there would have been no Auschwitz-Birkenau. However, the people in the German government today were not the same ones that were there in the 1940’s. However, they have continued to fulfill their responsibilities and that has to be admired. A WINNER! During the few times I’ve gone to the horse race track in my life I’ve always picked losers. I have a very mixed record when trying to dope out whether my beloved Kentucky Wildcat basketball team would win a game. However, when it comes to German politicians my average goes way up. During the last couple of years I have been saying that Angela Merkel is the top of the line when it comes to politicians who can lead. One should never underestimate her. With the Euro in deep trouble and the EU is disarray over needed bailouts Chancellor Merkel put together a “tough love” program that might just bring some order and discipline to this rowdy bunch of nations. Der Spiegel reported, “It hasn't been an easy year for the EU, or for Angela Merkel. She played chief skeptic during the euro crisis, but the role ironically led her to forge a rescue mechanism for the continent's embattled currency. When Angela Merkel appeared in Brussels on Thursday evening for a briefing with journalists, she first set her purse on her lap and rummaged around in it for a long while. Was it intentional? The handbag has been a political symbol ever since Margaret Thatcher, the former British prime minister. So Merkel's gesture, whether by design or coincidence, summed up 2010 -- the year when she flirted with the image of the "Iron Chancellor." Merkel was still playing the role of Europe's chief skeptic at this EU summit. But under pressure from her, the 27 EU heads of state and government decided to amend the Lisbon Treaty to establish a permanent rescue mechanism for the euro zone. She insisted on the word "essential" in the treaty text -- an EU nation would be saved in the future only if its fiscal rescue was deemed "essential" for the whole euro area. The wording leaves wide room for interpretation, and will in reality probably turn out to be completely irrelevant. But it's typical of the German pleas and objections that have annoyed the rest of the EU for most of the year. Putting on the Brakes 7
  8. 8. Merkel wants to prove to voters at home that she represents German interests; she hopes to keep German-funded rescue operations to a minimum. This has not gained her much love in Brussels. The usual complaint this year has been that Germany isn't leading in the euro crisis; it's applying the brake. Merkel may look back on this year with mixed feelings. At first she resisted the idea of bailing out other countries -- namely Greece -- and referred over and over to a prohibition on such assistance in the Lisbon Treaty. But as the crisis escalated, her resistance crumbled. Now, ironically, she's one of the architects of the permanent rescue mechanism written into the treaty… I’m no judge of the economics of the plan. Others will have to analyze it. However, it’s the Chancellor’s political sense and leadership that, frankly, fascinate me. I love watching someone who is good at what they do whether it’s a 95 mile an hour baseball pitcher who can hit the strike zone repeatedly or a politician who senses what has to be done and knows how to do it. In my book Angela Merkel is that kind of politician. A winner! END OF THE DRAFT DW-World recently wrote, “The German government … approved the plans of its defense minister, Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg, to reduce the size of the German military, the Bundeswehr, by 65,000 soldiers to 185,000. Included in the reform are plans to suspend conscription from July 1 next year. This means that the last young men will receive their draft notices on January 3, ending a practice which goes back to 1957 and the start of German rearmament after World War II. The government has decided only to suspend the draft and not to abolish it. Abolition would require a change to the constitution, and the provision will remain in case a general call-up becomes necessary in a time of crisis. The new armed forces will include 170,000 professional soldiers and 15,000 volunteers, who will serve for up to 23 months. Guttenberg argues that a smaller Bundeswehr will be more effective in dealing with modern military challenges. The suspension of conscription is expected to lead to an increase in the number of young people wanting to go to university. The German states, which are responsible for financing education, say they are not prepared to pay the additional cost. The chairman of the conference of state premiers, Wolfgang Boehmer, said that, if the central government created the financial burden, it should be prepared to discuss paying for it. 8
  9. 9. The suspension is also expected to lead to extra costs for social service providers, who have so far benefited from the civilian service alternative to the draft. The cabinet also agreed on a new program of voluntary civil service, but the minister for families, Kristina Schroeder, has already said that it will not fill the gap completely. On the subject of “civilian service alternative”, which many young people opted for, there are implications for Jewish organizations (such as AJC in Germany and the U.S.) which utilized such youngsters as interns through an organization called Action Reconciliation. (Click here for information on AR) http://www.racematters.org/actionreconciliation.htm It is not the labor so much that will be missed. Rather, it is the opportunity for young Germans to have some “Jewish” experience. Many of the interns I’ve met over the years take the knowledge they pick up through their AR experience to guide them through later life. In addition, they have a multiplier effect on other young Germans that we have no other way of reaching. The suspension of the draft may be good for Germany but, frankly, it’s no so good for German-Jewish understanding. WITH FRIENDS LIKE THESE…. There is an old English proverb which says, “With friends like these, who needs enemies?” Der Spiegel recently reported, “It's the kind of attention the Swiss would rather avoid.” The country used to be renowned for its breathtaking Alpine landscapes, ultra-punctual train service and luxurious standard of living. Lately, however, Switzerland's reputation has taken a bit of a hit. In 2009, Germany and several other countries, including the US, heavily criticized the country's banks for their alleged assistance to those who would evade paying taxes. In November of last year, the Swiss voted in a referendum to ban the construction of minarets in the country. And early this month, American dispatches from Switzerland, released by WikiLeaks, revealed deep US frustration with the country's desire to play an outsized role in finding a solution to the dispute with Iran over that country's nuclear program. Now, however, it would appear that Switzerland has found an unwanted ally. At the end of November, Swiss voters passed a referendum mandating the swift deportation of non-citizens who have been convicted of certain crimes. Since then, the German far-right party NPD has handed out postcards praising the Swiss initiative. 9
  10. 10. The postcards depict an idyllic mountain landscape with the famous Matterhorn in the background. "The Swiss Example," they read. "Make Quick Work of Criminal Foreigners." NPD spokesman Klaus Beier told the Swiss news website 20 Minuten Online that since the start of December, "We have distributed several hundred thousand of the postcards in Germany." The Swiss referendum was heavily criticized by human rights groups and by the European Commission in Brussels. The NPD, however, wants to highlight what it sees as the benefits of direct democracy as practiced in Switzerland. "The introduction of Swiss-style direct democracy has been a priority of ours for decades," Beier told 20 Minuten Online. It's not the first time Germany's far right has borrowed a tune from the Swiss right wing. During a 2007 parliamentary campaign, the populist Swiss People's Party (SVP) -- which launched the November referendum -- printed posters showing white sheep kicking a black sheep off the Swiss flag. The image found its way onto NPD posters for a state election in the German state of Hesse in 2008. The postcards and the publicity have not done much for the NPD. The still remain a minor party with no members in the Bundestag. However, they do not seem to ever miss a chance to latch on to something that they feel will advance their very strong anti-immigrant, neo-Nazi feelings. However, I guess that if the Swiss continue to pass the sort of legislation that is seen as reactionary and leans toward similar political positions of the NPD, they can pretty much count on the German neo-Nazis to make the connection with them. They’ll just have to learn to deal with it! You don’t always proactively choose your friends. THE OLD ANTI-SEMITISM I started out this edition writing about “The New Anti-Semitism”. Unhappily, the Old Anti-Semitism still seems to exist – as does the old Nazism. Der Spiegel reports that in Brandenburg (the State that surrounds Berlin – Berlin is a State as well as a city) “The leading rabbi in the eastern German state of Brandenburg says Jews in the community there are warned not to wear yarmulkes or other visible symbols of Judaism. He says the state has a problem with anti-Semitism, but Brandenburg officials claim they are doing all they can to make Jewish culture part of everyday life. Some 65 years after the end of World War II, is it safe yet for a Jew to walk through the streets of Germany wearing a yarmulke? Not in Brandenburg, home to Potsdam and its famous UNESCO-listed palaces near Berlin -- at least according to the eastern German state's new chief rabbi, Shaul Nekrich. 10
  11. 11. A former resident of Berlin, Nekrich said in an interview with the Berliner Zeitung newspaper published Wednesday that he had been perfectly comfortable walking around the capital city, wearing a yarmulke and traditional Jewish hat. Not so, however, in Brandenburg, where he now leads the state's six Jewish communities. Nekrich said he now eschews wearing the kippah or hat head coverings when walking the streets of towns and cities in the state. Nekirch's statements have raised eyebrows in the state, where officials claim that great inroads have been made towards re-establishing normal Jewish life in Brandenburg. "The state government is doing everything it can to ensure that Jewish life again belongs to everyday life in Brandenburg," Antje Grabley, a spokeswoman for the state's Culture Ministry, which is responsible for the promotion of religious communities in the state, told the Berliner Zeitung. She said that the state's cultural minister, Martina Münch, would take up contact with the rabbi. Grabley noted that a study from 2009 showed that anti-Semitic tendencies in Brandenburg were the lowest of any German state. And the State Office of Criminal Investigation said the total number of crimes motivated by anti-Semitism in Brandenburg had been 109 in 2009 and that during the first half of 2010, 42 had been reported, a downward trend. Who knows where the truth is? As usual, it’s probably somewhere in the middle. However, there is no doubt that, as far as anti-Semitism is concerned, the eastern part of Germany (the former East Germany) is much more of a problem that the west. The Village Where the Neo-Nazis Rule Der Spiegel also reported about the very small village of Jamel in Mecklenburg- Western Pomerania that, “Hitler salutes in the street and firing practice in the forest: Neo-Nazis have taken over an entire village in Germany, and authorities appear to have given up efforts to combat the problem. The place has come to symbolize the far right's growing influence in parts of the former communist east. Norbert Nieszery, leader of the center-left Social Democratic Party (SPD) in the state parliament, calls it an "early form of terror." Nieszery's own office windows have been smashed twice. State Interior Minister Lorenz Caffier of the center- right Christian Democratic Union (CDU) says he has registered a "new level" of right-wing extremist violence. He believes the NPD is trying to raise its profile through aggressive behavior ahead of the state parliament election in September. One local mayor requested police protection after receiving repeated right-wing threats. The Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution, Germany's domestic intelligence agency, has warned that the NPD is becoming 11
  12. 12. increasingly influential in local municipalities and that the neo-Nazis are trying to entrench themselves in daily life. Let’s not go off the deep end with what’s happening in Jamel. Germany is not on the verge of a Nazi takeover or anything like that. However, we, including the members of the German government, have long memories. The 1920’s and the 1930’s were not a million years ago. Of course, Germany is a democracy so the neo-Nazi NPD has a right to exist as long as it does not violate the law. However, in this case it seems to me, at least, from the Der Spiegel article, that the law enforcement is on the weak side. It should be a terrible embarrassment to every official local, state and national that a village could be almost taken over by the neo-Nazis. Shouldn’t someone do something more about it? I sure hope so. To read the entire article click here. http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/0,1518,737471,00.html ******************************************************************************************** See you later in the month. DuBow Digest is written and published by Eugene DuBow who can be contacted by clicking here. Both the American and Germany editions are posted at www.dubowdigest.typepad.com Click here to connect 12
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