0
Future Cities – Smart
Transportation Research
Dr. Atif Manzoor
Distributed Systems Group
Trinity College Dublin
Public Tra...
Agenda
• Future cities
– Challenges
– Research @ DSG

• Smart transportation
– Challenges
– Research @ DSG

Lero© 2012
Urban population growth

180,000 people move to cities every day
By 2050, ~75% of population will live in cities
Lero© 201...
Urban sprawl

Negative impact on traffic CO2 emissions
Negative impact on cost of public services
Lero© 2012
Increasing energy demand

Increase across all sectors: transport; industry; residential; services

Lero© 2012
Increasing elderly
population

In 2000, 6.9% of world’s population 65+
By 2050, 15.6% of world’s population 65+
Lero© 2012
Future cities research @
DSG
Sensing

Communications

Intelligence

Improved
Services

Lero© 2012
Research Areas
• Smart infrastructure: management of urban-scale critical
infrastructure (USCI)
– autonomic management tec...
Agenda
• Future cities
– Challenges
– Research @ DSG

• Smart transportation
– Challenges
– Research @ DSG

Lero© 2012
Modern Society?

Lero© 2012
Air pollution

Premature deaths increase ~150 per million (in 2000) to ~390
per million (in 2030)
Lero© 2012
Air Pollution Deaths
Premature deaths from PM10 air pollution for 2000 and 2030
(cases per million inh)
1,000
900
800
700
...
Cost of congestion

In 2007, congestion induced economic losses in Dublin were 4.1% of GDP

Lero© 2012
Cost of Congestion
Average time (hours) wasted in congestion every year
74

71
64
57
50

44
37

49

19

45

28

25

21 20
...
Deaths in traffic

In 2010, RTAs were no. 1 cause of death in 15-44 year-olds in the U.S.

Lero© 2012
Smart transportation
Smart infrastructure

Collaborating smart vehicles

Less congestion

Saving time

Lero© 2012

Fewer c...
Smart Infrastructure
• Urban scale critical infrastructure modelled as multi-agent systems
– Traffic-light controllers on ...
Collaborating Smart
Vehicles

Lero© 2012
Challenges
• Dynamic environment
– High speed movements
– Unmanaged
– Unpredictable

• Real-time requirements
• Unreliable...
Thank you

Lero© 2012
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Dublinked Innovation Network Transport Event - Dr. Atif Manzoor, TCD

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Dublinked Innovation Network Transport Event - Dr. Atif Manzoor, TCD

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Transcript of "Dublinked Innovation Network Transport Event - Dr. Atif Manzoor, TCD"

  1. 1. Future Cities – Smart Transportation Research Dr. Atif Manzoor Distributed Systems Group Trinity College Dublin Public Transport Data Event 06 Dec 2012 Lero© 2012
  2. 2. Agenda • Future cities – Challenges – Research @ DSG • Smart transportation – Challenges – Research @ DSG Lero© 2012
  3. 3. Urban population growth 180,000 people move to cities every day By 2050, ~75% of population will live in cities Lero© 2012
  4. 4. Urban sprawl Negative impact on traffic CO2 emissions Negative impact on cost of public services Lero© 2012
  5. 5. Increasing energy demand Increase across all sectors: transport; industry; residential; services Lero© 2012
  6. 6. Increasing elderly population In 2000, 6.9% of world’s population 65+ By 2050, 15.6% of world’s population 65+ Lero© 2012
  7. 7. Future cities research @ DSG Sensing Communications Intelligence Improved Services Lero© 2012
  8. 8. Research Areas • Smart infrastructure: management of urban-scale critical infrastructure (USCI) – autonomic management techniques modelled as self-organising multi-agent systems that exploit model-free learning algorithms to associate meaning and actions with available sensor data • Smart transportation: improving the reliability and safety of road transportation – advanced urban traffic control and highway management systems • Smart urban-scale sensing: middleware and communications architectures to allow data from both public and user-contributed sensors to be exploited by smart cities – wireless sensor networks, vehicular sensor networks, and participatory sensing • Smart services: middleware for adaptable software services – run-time statistical timing analysis, timely reconfiguration; multi-layer Lero© 2012
  9. 9. Agenda • Future cities – Challenges – Research @ DSG • Smart transportation – Challenges – Research @ DSG Lero© 2012
  10. 10. Modern Society? Lero© 2012
  11. 11. Air pollution Premature deaths increase ~150 per million (in 2000) to ~390 per million (in 2030) Lero© 2012
  12. 12. Air Pollution Deaths Premature deaths from PM10 air pollution for 2000 and 2030 (cases per million inh) 1,000 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 World Rest of the World South Asia (including India) China Russia Brazil Asia North America Europe Pacific 2000 2030 OECD Source: OECD, 2008 Lero© 2012
  13. 13. Cost of congestion In 2007, congestion induced economic losses in Dublin were 4.1% of GDP Lero© 2012
  14. 14. Cost of Congestion Average time (hours) wasted in congestion every year 74 71 64 57 50 44 37 49 19 45 28 25 21 20 47 43 38 35 37 27 45 54 27 35 30 23 35 42 33 38 20 Source: Time Magazine, Texas Transportation Institute Lero© 2012
  15. 15. Deaths in traffic In 2010, RTAs were no. 1 cause of death in 15-44 year-olds in the U.S. Lero© 2012
  16. 16. Smart transportation Smart infrastructure Collaborating smart vehicles Less congestion Saving time Lero© 2012 Fewer crashes Increased safety Reduced pollution Green transport
  17. 17. Smart Infrastructure • Urban scale critical infrastructure modelled as multi-agent systems – Traffic-light controllers on a junction modelled as an intelligent agent • Learn suitable actions through interaction with environment • Suitable for dynamic operating environments – Urban traffic control system modelled as multi-agent systems • Use of multi-agent cooperation to manage dependencies between agents to improve overall system performance – Self-organizing • Global behaviours arise from local actions and interactions • No central control or global system view – Multiple performance goals/policies Lero© 2012
  18. 18. Collaborating Smart Vehicles Lero© 2012
  19. 19. Challenges • Dynamic environment – High speed movements – Unmanaged – Unpredictable • Real-time requirements • Unreliable communication Lero© 2012
  20. 20. Thank you Lero© 2012
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