WorksheetsBy:For: MetricDept. Of English Language & LiteratureUniversity of the Punjab
Ayesha, Tahira2READING SKILLSCONTENTSR E A D I N G S K I L L SN A T U R E O F T E X TP R I N C I P L E S F O R T E A C H I M G R E A D I N GS K I L L S N E E D E D I N R E A D I N GS T R A T E G I E S T O I N V O L V E S T U D E N T S I NR E A D I N GP R E R E A D I N G A C T I V I T I E SW H I L E R E A D I N G A C T I V I T I E SP O S T R E A D I N G A C T I V I T I E S
Ayesha, Tahira1READING SKILLSeading skill is a very important factor responsible for increasing the ability to learn and mastera large volume of information. Educational researchers have found that there is a strongcorrelation between reading and academic successi. Good reader can understand the individualsentences and the organizational structure of a piece of writing. They can comprehend ideas,follow arguments and detect implications. They know most of the words in the text already theycan also determine the meanings of the unfamiliar words from the contextRA clear purpose in readingConcentration on the important bits skips the insignificantSkimming and scanningDifferent strategies for different reading tasksStress and intonationGuess the meaning of words from context
Ayesha, Tahira2READING SKILLSIf you encounter a man of rareintellect, you should ask him whatbooks he reads…(R.W.EMERSON)
Ayesha, Tahira3READING SKILLSUse of authentic materialsUse of simulated texts for beginnersto acquire necessary receptive skillsUse of authentic materials I. e newspapers as muchas the coverage allows in order to enhance thequality of learning.The greater the variety of materials, the greater thequality of learning.
Ayesha, Tahira4READING SKILLSPrinciples For Teaching“Reading”The text and task should be accessible to thestudent.Task should be designed to encourage readingrather than test the student understanding oftrivial details.The focus of the task should be reading skillsand strategies rather than readingcomprehension.Teachers should encourage the students to readon their own, so that they may eventuallybecome independent readers.
Ayesha, Tahira5READING SKILLSSkills needed in reading Recognizing the script oflanguage Understanding the information Understanding the conceptualmeanings Deducing the meaning ofunfamiliar lexical items Recognizing indicators indiscourse Making inferences
Ayesha, Tahira6READING SKILLSThe three strategies are applied before, during and after reading the textwith the purpose to involve students in reading. They are named as:1.Pre reading activitiesa. Predictingiithe theme of the text through titleb. Predicting through pictures2.While reading activitiesa. Skimmingb. Scanning3.Post reading activitiesa. Gap fillingb. Role play
Ayesha, Tahira7READING SKILLSThrough the title ofthe text, picture or a word which cangive cultural background of the text,student’s mind can be neared1 to thetheme which involves the students inreading. They get curiousiii to know thewhole story.1. To make them close to the central idea of the text.
Ayesha, Tahira8READING SKILLSFIRST AIDActivity: what does the title suggest the lesson isall about?TEXTFirst aid means responding to emergency situations.Accidents2 always happen unexpectedly. But a life canbe saved by having a basic knowledge of what to doingemergency and knowing proper first aid procedures.Basic training in first aid skills should be taught inschools3.2 If not so severe and can be recovered through first aid. Otherwise prefer to go to hospitals.3 Through lessons and general discussions.
Ayesha, Tahira9READING SKILLSThe pictures on the title page of the lessons or in the text can also involve the students inreading.ActivityWhat does the picture suggest about the title of the text?
Ayesha, Tahira10READING SKILLSTextgypt is one of the most fertileivareas of Africa and Mediterranean Sea. Since itwas too fertile people came to live in Egypt earlier than in most places, probablyaround 40,000 years ago. It has a richculture. Travelers from all around theworld like to visit Egypt. It is famousfor Pyramids. Egypt is also known forits ancient histories. Prophet Joseph4a.s had ruled in the Egypt. He wasthrown into a well by his step brothers.A traveler of Egypt coincidently cameto fetch the water from the well. There he found The Prophet Josephvand took himout of the well. And find in the little boy to be extremely beautiful, thought to sell5him in Egypt.4 The son of Prophet Jacob5 There was custom of slavery in those days. And individuals were sold as slavesE
Ayesha, Tahira11READING SKILLS2.While reading activities help in recognizing the patterns of text through skimming,making inferences, deducing meanings from the context. Among while readingactivities some involve are skimming, scanning etc.2.1 Skimmingvimeans reading quickly to getthe gist or the main idea of the text. Students can be asked general questions, or toput the title on the textActivity:Suggest the title of the text______________________________________________________Books are a source of comfort for us. They aresafe shelter. Throughout human history man hasfound peace in the written work. Books arebridges through their pages we make our contactwith society. Those who read more are betterprepared to face the world than those who do notread.
Ayesha, Tahira12READING SKILLS2.2Scanning means to locate specificinformation. The key point inscanning is that the reader hassomething in his mind and he or sheshould ignore the irrelevant partswhen reading. Pictures, drawingstables etc. are the devices of scanning.Through the text students choosespecific information and incorporatein the table or charts.Activity: Fill in the table while reading the text.TextAt 9:30 am on the morning of April 18, 1906, the city of San Francisco was shakenby a terrible Earth Quake. Hundreds of buildings were destroyed and causalitiescaused were 250,000.Another earthquake shook San Francisco on October17th, 1989. 100people were killed at 5:13 am. a wide busy bridge was destroyed.Many people were killed in the cars but a few luckily were not hurt.TableTIME DATE LOCATION NUMBER OFPEOPLEKILLEDDAMAGEEarthquakein 1986Earthquakein 1906
Ayesha, Tahira13READING SKILLSome strategies if employed at the end of the text reading,keep the students still involved in the lesson. Amongsuch activities some are:3.1 Gap Filling3.2 Role PlayPost readingvii tasks provide students withthe opportunity to relate what they have readto what they already know. Gap fillingsviii roleplays can involve the students. They can alsobe assessment of the students for what theyhave read.S
Ayesha, Tahira14READING SKILLS3.1Activity: Students are supposed to complete the sentences by filling in theblanksOnce Caliph sitting in the mosque of the Holy Prophet, was busy in the affairsof the _________________Two young men, holding a strong sturdy countryman,___________________before him. They complained ______________that the person hadmurdered their old father. They _____________________ by punishing the________________________for his crime.TextOnce Caliph ix sitting in themosque of the Holy prophetwas busy in the affairs of thestate. Two young men, holdinga strong sturdy countryman,appeared before him. Theycomplained to Hazrat Umarthat the person had murderedtheir old father. Theydemanded justice by punishingthe murderer for his crime.
Ayesha, Tahira15READING SKILLS3.2In role plays students are to enact on a script.ActivityPerform6 a dialogue between a salesmanx and acustomer at a market.Try to think in second languageAct out7 the conversation between asales man and a customer at the clothes’shop.TryCramming is not allowed6 Enact
Ayesha, Tahira16READING SKILLSi. If reading skill is not developed academic success cannot be achieved.ii. Anticipatingiii . anxiousiv Where vegetation can be foundv. Son of Abrahamvi . To read for the main idea onlyvii . After readingviii. Fill in the blanksix Hazrat Umar (R.A)x . servant at a shope to deal with the customers