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Coordination Challenges In Project Design, Funding And

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A paper presented to the Alumni and Students of the Maastricht Graduate School of Governance, Maastricht, Netherlands, October 2008

A paper presented to the Alumni and Students of the Maastricht Graduate School of Governance, Maastricht, Netherlands, October 2008

Published in: Business

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  • 1. COORDINATION CHALLENGES IN PROJECT DESIGN, FUNDING AND IMPLEMENTATION: A GHANAIAN EXPERIENCE David Lambert Tumwesigye SPF 2001
  • 2. Outline
    • Objectives of Ghana’s National Social Protection Strategy (NSPS) and LEAP cash grant programme
    • The importance of Coordination in Good Governance
    • Communication challenges
    • Systemic , Change Management and Cultural challenges
    • Capacity challenges
  • 3. Objectives of Ghana’s National Social Protection Strategy and LEAP cash grant programme
    • To increase the ability of Extreme Poor to meet basic needs through improving access to livelihood opportunities , employment and to social security
    • To reduce extreme poverty and related vulnerability and exclusion at the household level through provision LEAP Social Grants Programme
    • To strengthen the capacity Ministries, Departments and Agencies at local and national level to coordinate, target, deliver and to monitor and evaluate effective social protection programs
  • 4. The importance of Coordination in Good Governance
    • Complexity of programs (see NSPS matrix) and myriad of players with differing mandates and incentive structures require coordination; otherwise critical parts/players/issues can be neglected and this jeopardises program success
    • Communication enhances buy-in of key stakeholders and adds value through constructive feedback
    • Reduces duplication of effort and enhances efficient use of scarce resources
  • 5. The NSPS Coordination Web NGOS MOFEP POST BANK MOLGRDE MOES DSW District Offices DSW Regional Offices LEAP Beneficiary Communities LEAP Beneficiary Communities POST OFFICES MOES District Offices MOES Regional Offices ILO/DFID/UNICEF/WB and others MMYE/DSW MOH/GHS GHS District Offices GHS Regional Offices
  • 6. Communication challenges
    • Communication technology Know-how and availability and the effect on efficiency and effectiveness of communication
      • Computer literacy issues
      • Internet connectivity and email
    • Ignorance about value of communication
  • 7. Systemic, Change Management and Cultural challenges
    • Transparency and Accountability issues
      • Reporting processes and accountability mechanisms
      • Who gets info and who does not
      • How much information is shared
    • Incentive issues (and Hoarding information?)-what is in it for me?
    • Fear of change-what happens to my job if the status quo changes
    • Time Management-HAKUNA MATATA!
  • 8. Capacity Development vs Absorptive capacity
    • “ Reports that say something has not happened are interesting to me, because as we know, there are known knowns ; there are things we know we know. We also know, there are known unknowns; that is to say we know there are some things we do not know. But there are also unknown unknowns-the ones we do not know we don’t know”
    • Donald Rumsfeld Former US Defence Secretary
    • People sometimes DO NOT KNOW to communicate , design, Implement , Monitor and evaluate programmes
    • They therefore cannot spend development AID
  • 9. Capacity Development vs Absorptive capacity
    • Unfortunately, because of their incapacity, Donors can only disburse a little to them and within specific time limits
    • Big Risks need to be taken by Donors and Governments if Big returns are to be reaped in Development Assistance
  • 10. It helps
    • To have a national framework that defines the mandate and delineates responsibility
    • When there’s political will to deliver because people have an incentive to collaborate