Understanding ASL Grammatical Featuresand Discourse Mapping   Jeff Pollock and Doug Stringham      2007 USDB Fall Workshop
Review and identify salient ASLgrammatical structures:  nominal and pronominal structures  verbal and adverbial structures...
Seeing and Telling ASL:  Discourse Mapping
What is discourse?
This is discourse.
Patterns, styles, scripts, and genres in how and what we communicate:
Message
discoursalmessage intent, affect, prosodygrammaticalconstruction, rulessyntactical/sententialsentence, phrasal constructio...
“mapping?”
Not that. This.
noun                     rbverbnoun          ve            b                          noun              r    noun         ...
Why?
Scholarly research data   and national EIPA  assessment results:
message cohesion
cognitive mapping
Discourse mappinghelps signers identifycohesion structures in    a signed text.
Discourse mapping helpsinterpreters cognitively map (chunk, peg, link,and monitor) message in      a given text.
How?
By creating a visual representation of how native signers organizeand incorporate message      into language.
idea                      ideaidea            message  idea                      idea
+ grammar =
language
1. Cohesion
What are some ASLmanual and nonmanualtransitional behaviors?
blinks and eyegazeextended hold of signshead nodlexemes  conjunctionals:   FINISH, WRONG, FRUSTRATE, HAPPEN NEXT DOWN-HIER...
The Snowmobile Story(00:10, 00:21, 00:23, 00:38, 00:43, etc.)
What are some ASLmanual and nonmanual relational behaviors?
contrastive structurespatial placementtopical marking (eyebrow raising)eyegazelexemes:  classifiers CONNECT-TO demonstrativ...
A Little Bit At A Time(00:19, 00:38, 00:47, 00:51, 01:16, etc.)
2. Cognitive mapping
Chunking, pegging, linking, and self-monitoring message      in a text.
Peg          idea    (What are   these ideas?)                       idea                                           Chunk ...
How does this happen?
The ability torestructure information in the mind is largely     dependent on   language ability.
The goal, then, is to    replicate logical language organizationin interpretative work.
The DiscourseMapping Process
1. Watch text for  comprehension.
2. Watch text forspecific linguistic    features:
nominal and pronominal     information
verbal and adverbial    information
3. Watch text to confirmobservations in #2, make visual representation,    and make notes:
represent spatial zones (clustersor pegs) where specific linguisticfeatures occurpeg linguistic features:  nominals  pronom...
4. Discuss observations    in small groupsconfirm comprehension (“I saw X..."),  discuss specific features, identify       q...
4a. Repeat for each linguistic feature.
5. Watch text again
6. Based on createdvisual representations,   retell the text in     small groups.
7. Debrief
“A Little Bit At A Time”
Do try this at home.
ReferencesWitter-Merrithew, A. (2006). DiscourseMapping for Sign Language Interpreters(workshop notes, n.p.).
Thank you.jeff.pollock@datc.edudstringham@gmail.com
Understanding ASL Grammatical Features and Discourse Mapping
Understanding ASL Grammatical Features and Discourse Mapping
Understanding ASL Grammatical Features and Discourse Mapping
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Understanding ASL Grammatical Features and Discourse Mapping

  1. 1. Understanding ASL Grammatical Featuresand Discourse Mapping Jeff Pollock and Doug Stringham 2007 USDB Fall Workshop
  2. 2. Review and identify salient ASLgrammatical structures: nominal and pronominal structures verbal and adverbial structures complex sentencesIntroduce and demonstrate discourse mappingWork in small groups to incorporate ASLgrammatical features in our workDebrief and evaluate
  3. 3. Seeing and Telling ASL: Discourse Mapping
  4. 4. What is discourse?
  5. 5. This is discourse.
  6. 6. Patterns, styles, scripts, and genres in how and what we communicate:
  7. 7. Message
  8. 8. discoursalmessage intent, affect, prosodygrammaticalconstruction, rulessyntactical/sententialsentence, phrasal constructionsemanticmeaninglexicalwords, signsmorphologicalelements of pronunciationphonologicalelements of pronunciation
  9. 9. “mapping?”
  10. 10. Not that. This.
  11. 11. noun rbverbnoun ve b noun r noun ve noun noun…sentence + sentence + sentence…
  12. 12. Why?
  13. 13. Scholarly research data and national EIPA assessment results:
  14. 14. message cohesion
  15. 15. cognitive mapping
  16. 16. Discourse mappinghelps signers identifycohesion structures in a signed text.
  17. 17. Discourse mapping helpsinterpreters cognitively map (chunk, peg, link,and monitor) message in a given text.
  18. 18. How?
  19. 19. By creating a visual representation of how native signers organizeand incorporate message into language.
  20. 20. idea ideaidea message idea idea
  21. 21. + grammar =
  22. 22. language
  23. 23. 1. Cohesion
  24. 24. What are some ASLmanual and nonmanualtransitional behaviors?
  25. 25. blinks and eyegazeextended hold of signshead nodlexemes conjunctionals: FINISH, WRONG, FRUSTRATE, HAPPEN NEXT DOWN-HIERARCHY or SIDE-HIERARCHY THEN, AND
  26. 26. The Snowmobile Story(00:10, 00:21, 00:23, 00:38, 00:43, etc.)
  27. 27. What are some ASLmanual and nonmanual relational behaviors?
  28. 28. contrastive structurespatial placementtopical marking (eyebrow raising)eyegazelexemes: classifiers CONNECT-TO demonstrative pronouns (THAT)
  29. 29. A Little Bit At A Time(00:19, 00:38, 00:47, 00:51, 01:16, etc.)
  30. 30. 2. Cognitive mapping
  31. 31. Chunking, pegging, linking, and self-monitoring message in a text.
  32. 32. Peg idea (What are these ideas?) idea Chunk idea (These ideas message relate.) idea Link (How do these idea ideas relate with others?)Self-monitor (Where am I/is this message or sentence going?)
  33. 33. How does this happen?
  34. 34. The ability torestructure information in the mind is largely dependent on language ability.
  35. 35. The goal, then, is to replicate logical language organizationin interpretative work.
  36. 36. The DiscourseMapping Process
  37. 37. 1. Watch text for comprehension.
  38. 38. 2. Watch text forspecific linguistic features:
  39. 39. nominal and pronominal information
  40. 40. verbal and adverbial information
  41. 41. 3. Watch text to confirmobservations in #2, make visual representation, and make notes:
  42. 42. represent spatial zones (clustersor pegs) where specific linguisticfeatures occurpeg linguistic features: nominals pronominals unidirectional verbs (signer is agent or actor) unidirectional verbs (signer is recipient or actee)
  43. 43. 4. Discuss observations in small groupsconfirm comprehension (“I saw X..."), discuss specific features, identify questions for the group)
  44. 44. 4a. Repeat for each linguistic feature.
  45. 45. 5. Watch text again
  46. 46. 6. Based on createdvisual representations, retell the text in small groups.
  47. 47. 7. Debrief
  48. 48. “A Little Bit At A Time”
  49. 49. Do try this at home.
  50. 50. ReferencesWitter-Merrithew, A. (2006). DiscourseMapping for Sign Language Interpreters(workshop notes, n.p.).
  51. 51. Thank you.jeff.pollock@datc.edudstringham@gmail.com

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