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The Pursuit of LandLand meant wealth and power to Americans.Settlers moved westward into lands claimed byCreeks and Cherokee.Indian lands were acquired through negotiatedtreaties .
Headright system-1782 Every head of a household had a right to land. 200 acres for the head of a household. 50 acres for each family member including slaves. Maximum of 1,000 acres. Revolutionary War vets were encouraged to settle in Georgia.
A Change in Agriculture- 1800s Most land was distributed among wealthy white men. Plantations replaced smaller farms in the soil rich Piedmont region. Tobacco and cotton became the major crops.
Left Side Assignment Math Questions1. You are the head of a household with a spouse, four children, and three slaves. How many acres of land are you entitled to?2. You are the head of a household with a spouse, your elderly mother and eight children. How many acres of land are you entitled to?3. You are the head of a household with a spouse, four children and 15 slaves. How many acres of land are you entitled to?
Answers1. 600 acres2. 700 acres3. 1000 acres, but eligible for 1200 acres.
The Yazoo Land Fraud - 1795Georgia wanted to settle its western lands toencourage economic growth.That included land near the Yazoo River in what isnow Mississippi.Legislators were bribed by land companies to sell theland below its real value.Nearly 35 million acres were “sold” to 4 private landcompanies at 2 cents/ acreThe land was then sold to civilians for huge profits.When the bribes were discovered the legislators werevoted out of office.
Land Sold in the Yazoo Land Fraud
The Compact of 1802The United States government purchased all ofGeorgia’s western lands to help Georgia pay offits debts from the Yazoo Land Fraud.Its Western border became the ChattahoocheeRiver.The U.S. also agreed to remove all Indiansfrom Georgia when needed.The Yazoo Land Fraud indirectly led to the Trailof Tears.
Terms to KnowHeadright system (use 200 acres)LotteryYazoo Land FraudSubsistenceCotton GinCanal
Land Lottery 1805-1833 A series of lotteries took place to sell land. Ordinary Georgians could now buy larger amounts of land. A lottery was restricted to white men, orphans, and widows. Land was sold on an average at 7 cents / acre.
The Cotton Gin- 1794Eli Whitney was working at the Mulberry GrovePlantation near Savannah.He watched slaves separate seeds from the cotton byhand.He invented the cotton gin, a machine that could cleancotton quickly.Cotton became the largest crop grown in the South.
Cotton Gin Photo
Rise of Slavery in Georgia In 1790 there were 30,000 slaves working on coastal rice plantations. The land lottery opened large areas of the Piedmont for agriculture. By 1860 there were nearly 500,000 slaves working Georgia’s fields.
Slave Distribution in the U.S. 1790-1860
Left side Assignment (pg 80)How did the invention of the cotton gin andthe use of the land lottery impact on cottonproduction and the slave population inGeorgia in the early 1800s?
Georgia Land Use Notes CheckWrite Down “Headright”, “Yazoo Land Fraud”, or “Land Lottery” to match an answer that best fits each question or statement.1. Family members were worth 50 acres each.2. Legislators took bribes for the sold land.3. It led to a change from small farms to plantations.4. It gave the head of a household as much as 200 acres.5. Widows and orphans could participate.6. It involved land in what is now Mississippi and Alabama.7. It led to Georgia’s western border being set at the Chattahoochee River.8. You could “draw a blank” and not receive land.9. It encouraged Revolutionary War veterans to move to Georgia.10. Four private companies purchased millions of acres.
Canals Canals were built inthe early 1800s tomake shipping goodsto market quicker andcheaper. They were soonreplaced by railroadsin the mid 1800s.
Georgia’s Capital Cities AugustaGeorgia moved itscapital from Savannahto Augusta in 1785 tobe more accessible topeople moving west.
Louisville,GA They moved it again in 1796 to a new town called Louisville (named for King Louis of France).
University of Georgia Lyman Hall suggested creating a higher system of learning Abraham Baldwin (first president of UGA) believed it was a government’s duty to help educate everyone. Georgia established the first public university in the country in 1801. Originally called Franklin College - later became the University of Georgia. One of the first institutions to allow women to attend.
Left Side Assignment “Two Questions”1. Why did Georgia’s capital move away from its original location in Savannah and where did it go?2. What was different about the reason for the establishment of the University of Georgia?
Georgia Capitals, Education, and Religion Quiz Write true or false for each statement.1. The third capital of Georgia was established at Louisville.2. Georgia’s capital was moved from Savannah because it was too hot there during the summer months.3. Abraham Baldwin believed that only the wealthy should receive a higher education.4. The University of Georgia was established as the first public university in the country.5. The original name of Georgia’s first private university was Franklin College.6. Churches grew after the Revolutionary War ended.7. Free Will Baptists believed in missionary work and education.8. Tent Revivals were a part of the Methodist Church’s effort to promote religion throughout the state.9. Tent revivals became important places for people to socialize.10. A head of a household with a spouse, his mother and two children could receive up to 350 acres of land with the Headright System.