Articles of confederation
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Articles of confederation

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Articles of confederation Articles of confederation Presentation Transcript

  • The Articles of Confederation- 1777  First system of government used by the United States.
  • The Main Ideas  Only one branch of government (unicameral) called Congress. States controlled most of the power. Congress could declare war, make treaties, print money, deliver mail. Congress controlled Indian affairs. Congress could not tax the states, enforce laws, regulate trade between states. All 13 states had to approve changes. Made it very difficult to make any changes for the nation.
  • Problems  Without taxes the Country could not pay off debts. Without trade rules, arguments between states hurt commerce. Congress could pass laws but not enforce them. Each state had one vote regardless of its size. No executive branch or court system. Congress could not raise an army without the states’ permission.
  • Articles of Confederation  In short, the national government did not have enough authority to effectively rule. Things were a mess! States were not united as a country. Something had to change.
  • A Constitutional Convention-1787 Delegates met to revise (change) the Articles of Confederation. Instead they agreed to create a new constitution.
  • Debating the Framework James Madison designed a framework for a new government. It suggested replacing the current weak central government with a strong one. The one state/one vote system would be replaced by a system based on a state’s population. (Virginia Plan) Georgia supported the idea, but smaller states objected that they would be less important.
  • Two Plans for the Constitution  Virginia Plan – called for a bicameral legislature (2 houses), with representation in the houses based on state population. More populated states get more votes in the legislature. New Jersey Plan – called for a unicameral legislature (1 house), with each state getting only vote. Votes not determined by population. States had a hard time agreeing, because the smaller less populated states did not agree with the Virginia Plan, and the more populated states did not agree with the New Jersey Plan.
  • The Great Compromise A compromise was reached that satisfied both sides. A bicameral (two house) legislature was created. The House of Representatives would be based on a state’s population. The Senate would include two representatives from each state.
  • The Constitution Three branches of government were also created to provide a system of checks and balances. Congress was divided into two houses to balance power between the states.  House of Representatives decided by population. (satisfied the large states) Senate gave each state two representatives. (satisfied the smaller states) Approved a 3/5ths compromise for all slaves. William Few and Abraham Baldwin signed for Georgia.
  • William Few  Was elected to the Georgia Assembly (legislature for the state) and helped establish Georgia’s Constitution in 1777. In 1780, he was elected to the Continental Congress, before eventually representing Georgia at the Constitutional Convention in 1787.
  • Abraham Baldwin  Was a chaplain (minister to soldiers) during the American Revolution. He practiced law and help establish the University of Georgia. Had the last deciding which plan would be accepted for the national government (Virginia Plan or the New Jersey Plan). His vote resulted in a tie between the two plans, which led to the great compromise.
  • Improvements  Federal Government has more power than the states.  Congress can collect taxes and regulate trade between states.  Bill of Rights guarantees individual rights such as Freedom of Speech and religion.
  • The Bill of Rights Right to keep and bear 1. Freedom of Speech, Press, Religion and Petition2. arms3. Conditions for quarters of soldiers4. Right of search and seizure regulated5. Provisons concerning prosecution6. Right to a speedy trial, witnesses, etc.7. Right to a trial by jury8. Excessive bail, cruel punishment9. Rule of construction of Constitution10. Rights of the States under Constitution
  • Creating a Government Note CheckChoose either A (Articles of Confederation) or C (Constitution) to identify which formof government is represented by each statement or phrase.______ 1. The first system of government used by the United States.______ 2. A bicameral Congress helped balance power between states.______ 3. Had a strong central (federal) government.______ 4. Could pass laws but not enforce them.______ 5. Was signed by Abraham Baldwin and William Few.______ 6. Created a system of checks and balances.______ 7. Used only a legislative branch of government.______ 8. Required all 13 states to approve any changes.______ 9. Did not have the power to collect taxes.______ 10. Included the Bill of Rights.