Conference presentation final


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Conference presentation final

  1. 1. Digital Education Revolution inMauritius. How revolutionary it is?  Conference Presentation EDU 8719  Presented by: Teemul Soobhadra
  2. 2. About Mauritius Population size: 1.3 million Former British and French Colony Gained independence in 1968 Multi-pillar economy with heavy emphasis on knowledge Free education from pre-primary up to tertiary level
  3. 3. Background Education based on British education system: • 2-year pre-primary education • 6-years primary education • 7- years secondary education • Tertiary education Educational reform Government came up with the Education and Human Resources Strategic Plan 2008-2020 Emphasis on digital education to improve teaching and learning at primary and secondary schools, and increasing access to tertiary education Compulsory education up to age of 16 Literacy rate: 85% Education budget: increasing subsequently (11.4% of Government’s expenditure in 2011)
  4. 4. ICT Infrastructure in Mauritius 20 learners per computer in school 29.6% internet penetration ratio Broadband penetration rate: 75% Internet speed up to 1 Mbps 30% households possess computers All the schools are equipped with computer lab and have internet access 80 mobile phones per 100 inhabitants
  5. 5. About Digital Education Revolution(DER) DER refers to the integration of digital technology (ICT) in education to bring meaningful change in teaching and learning It is a new concept:  Learning is not restricted to classroom  School are connected to homes and workplaces  Learning takes place through networking and social interaction Digital education has many advantages compared to traditional education.
  6. 6. Preconditions for DigitalEducation Political and financial commitment Conducive policy Access to ICT tools and equipment Adequate infrastructure Professional development of teachers Teacher motivation Appropriate curricula Institutional flexibility Digital culture
  7. 7. Advantages of digital education Greater learning opportunities for learners Improved quality of education Learning more adapted to student’s needs Greater flexibility for learning Better interactive digital materials Teaching/Learning continues after school Promotes lifelong learning culture Reduction of cost and waste of resources
  8. 8. Digital Education at Pre-primary andPrimary Education Level Pre-primary Education Level  Schools equipped with multimedia equipment which are used for teaching songs and viewing educational films Primary Education level  Teaching and learning is still oriented towards the classroom model  Blackboards and printed media are the most commonly for teaching and learning at school  ICT taught as a compulsory subject  Multimedia rooms equipped with PCs and video projectors.  Multimedia rooms are used for teaching ICT and projection of educational films  Schools are not connected to homes through digital networks  Classes are being equipped with smart boards  Digital multimedia materials are not yet available for teaching/learning
  9. 9. Digital Education at secondary level  Schools are equipped with computer rooms comprising of PCs, video projector and internet access  Blackboards and printed media are widely used for teaching and learning in classrooms  Computer labs have been set up and are connected to internet  Computer and internet are used as tools to edit documents and research works  Absence of on-line teaching and learning  No formal networking between educators , students and schools  Digital educational materials not yet available  Classrooms are gradually being equipped with smart boards  Mobile reporting system implemented to notify parents of absences and latenesses of students.
  10. 10. Digital Education at tertiary level Distance learning programmes are offered through both synchronous and asynchronous mode by tertiary institutions such as Mauritius Institute of Education, Mauritius College of the Air and Universities Teachers training programmes are being offered through distance education mode The Centre for Open and Distance Education has been set up at the University of Mauritius with the sponsorship of Commonwealth of Learning Virtual Centre for Innovative Learning set up in 2003 with several learning platforms such as I-learn, Learning Object Repository and online test centre. Foreign tertiary education institutions are offering distance education programmes and managed learning environments Internet is extensively used for research purposes.
  11. 11. The Sankore project Mauritius is one among the participating countries Initiative of French and British Governments to promote mass education in Africa The project is phased over 2010-2015 Objective of the project is to equip all schools with smart boards /interactive projectors and produce and share digital learning materials among the participating countries Gradually classrooms in primary and secondary schools are being equipped with smart board and digital teaching materials
  12. 12. Government initiatives to promoteDER Setting up of multimedia room and computer lab in primary and secondary schools respectively Provision of broadband internet services to schools Universal ICT project implemented to upgrade the computer proficiency skills of the population Professional development programmes in ICT for teachers NEPAD e-school project implemented on a pilot basis Mobile reporting system introduced at secondary school level Participation of Mauritius in Sankore project Setting up of hot spots in designated areas Curricula made available online
  13. 13. Major challenges to Digital EducationRevolution Digital divide among population (only 30% households equipped with computers and 20.2% have internet access) Educators lack technical skills and motivation to engage in digital education Lack of coordination among tertiary institutions to implement e-learning programmes Lack of digital teaching/learning materials No formal networking between schools and the community Copy rights act hinders production and sharing of educational learning materials Resistance to change from traditional education to digital education
  14. 14. Strategies proposed New school model where the school and homes of students and educators form a network Continuous professional development of educators through the setting up of on-line learning communities Review of curriculum at primary and secondary levels to provide learners with the necessary ICT knowledge and skills to develop a culture of ‘learning to learn’ More incentives to households for procurement of computers and internet services to reduce the digital divide. More hot spots need to be set up and the internet speed increased to facilitate the transmission of multimedia files for learning Integration of mobile phone technology in learning A blended approach to education combining face to face teaching and digital interaction More collaboration and networking among the tertiary institutions Review of copy rights act to enable use of digital materials for educational purposes
  15. 15. Conclusion Government committed to implement digital education Various initiatives taken to promote digital education DE still in early phase of development Sakore project expected to bring digital education in primary and secondary schools Various challenges have to be addressed Strategies proposed to improve digital education