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Writing Of The Constitution
 

Writing Of The Constitution

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    Writing Of The Constitution Writing Of The Constitution Presentation Transcript

    • Writing of the Constitution Objective: Understand the events that led to the writing of the Constitution
    • May 1787
      • 55 men went to Philadelphia to improve the Articles of Confederation
      • Before the delegates decided to start over and create a new government
      • During the next four months they worked to create the Constitution of the United States
    • Framers of the Constitution
      • The framers are the 55 men who wrote the Constitution
      • These men were farmers, lawyers, and merchants many fought in the American Revolution
      • These men included George Washington, Ben Franklin, James Madison, and Gouverneur Morris
    • Constitutional Convention
      • The Framers decided everything said at the convention would be secret
      • The convention was held during the hot summer months with all the doors and windows shut during meetings for secrecy
      • Secrecy was important so the framers could speak freely
    • Agreements and Arguments
      • Framers agreed on six principals for their new representative democracy
      • 1. The Constitution would protect the natural rights of people
      • 2. Limited government
      • 3. Popular Sovereignty
      • 4. Separation of powers
      • 5. Checks and Balances
      • 6. Federalism
    • Compromises
      • One major disagreement was how to organize Congress
      • They also disagreed about how many representatives each state should have
      • Large states believed reps should be based on population
      • Small states believed each state should have an equal number of reps
    • Great Compromise
      • The delegates finally decided that there would be two houses in Congress
      • The Senate- would have two senators from each state
      • The House of Representatives- would have a number of representatives based on their population
    • The Slavery Issue
      • Southern States wanted slaves to be counted as part of their population
      • This would mean more reps for them in Congress
      • Northern States disagreed because counting them would mean southern states would have more power
    • Slavery Compromise
      • The slavery Compromise was called the 3/5 compromise
      • Only 3/5 of the total slave population could be counted for representatives
      • Finally the delegates decided that no law could be passed to stop slave trade for twenty years
    • Other Decisions
      • Framers decided the executive branch would be led by a President
      • They set term limits for reps
      • Decide which powers the federal government would have and which the states would have
      • They also decided how to add new laws to the Constitution called Amendments
    • Ratification
      • September 1787 the delegates were finished writing
      • They decided that only nine states were needed for ratification
      • Some people felt the Constitution needed a Bill of Rights
      • The Framers agreed to add a Bill of Rights
      • At last in 1788 the Constitution was ratified