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  1. 1. World War I Objective: Cover the major events of the first world war
  2. 2. <ul><ul><li>Triple Alliance or Central Powers: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Austria-Hungary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Italy (At Start of War) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Triple Entente or Allied Powers: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>France </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russia </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><ul><li>I. Nationalism : The feeling one has for one's nation or homeland. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>II. Militarism : The building up of armies and navies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>III. Alliances : A strategic friendship between two or more nations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IV. Dissent within Nations: The Spark that starts WWI : The assassination of the heir to the throne of Austria started the war. WWI will last four years and millions will die. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Outbreak of War <ul><ul><li>Arch Duke Ferdinand was killed by a Serbian Terrorist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Austro-Hungarian ask for help from Germany and then declare war on Serbia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serbia is backed by Russia When war is declared on Serbia Russia becomes involved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WWI is a total war meaning a complete mobilization of people and resources </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Great Slaughter <ul><ul><li>Trenches on the western front included massive tangles of barded wire, Machine gun nests, gun batteries, and heavy artillery. Soldiers lived in holes in the ground </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The territory between the two sides was called no-man’s land </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><ul><li>A) Modern science and technology produced weapons of great destruction and killing power (the machine gun, artillery, airplane, submarine, poison gas, the tank ) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Entry of U.S. <ul><ul><li>U.S. tried to stay neutral </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The naval war between Britain and Germany is what caused the U.S. to enter the war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>German subs practice unrestricted submarine warfare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany sank any ships heading to Britain including civilian </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Entry of U.S. <ul><ul><li>Germans sink British ship Lusitania killing 1,100 civilians including Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany did not think U.S. would join the war and begins unrestricted sub warfare again </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Entry of U.S. <ul><ul><li>In 1917 British intercept the Zimmerman Note from Germany; passes it to U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Note asks Mexico to go to war against U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. declares war on Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This gives huge boost to Allied morale as well as money and supplies </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. On the Home Front <ul><ul><li>Total war requires complete mobilization of people and resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>War had enormous impact on every American’s life. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government increased its power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drafted millions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Started rationing </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. On the Home Front <ul><ul><li>As casualties mounted public support for the war waned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government uses propaganda to keep morale up. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restricts voices against the war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Women start to take over traditional male jobs in the workforce </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Russian Revolution <ul><ul><li>Russian people upset about war and economic situation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bolsheviks come to power led by Lenin a follower of Karl Marx </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lenin promises to end war, redistribute land to poor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slogan was “Peace, Land, Bread” </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Last Years of the War <ul><ul><li>Allied nations meet in Paris </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wilson outlines his Fourteen Points for peace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wilson also calls for the League of Nations to be formed to help prevent future wars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>England and France want to punish Germany </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Treaty of Versailles <ul><ul><li>Germany is guilty of starting the war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must pay reparations for all damages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany must reduce military </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany must surrender all territory gained during war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treaty outraged many Germans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Felt it was too harsh and unfair </li></ul></ul>