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The Reconstruction Of The South
 

The Reconstruction Of The South

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    The Reconstruction Of The South The Reconstruction Of The South Presentation Transcript

    • The Reconstruction of the South Objective: To cover developments in the south during the Reconstruction Era
    • Lincoln’s Plan
      • Reunite all of the states and rebuild country
      • Southern states can rejoin if….
      • 1/10 of voters pledge an oath of loyalty
    • Radical Republicans
      • Hate Lincoln’s plan
      • Want to punish the south
      • They become furious when former Confederate leaders are elected to Congress
      • Outraged at passing of Black Codes
    • Black Codes
      • Blacks can only be farmers or servants
      • Must carry special pass to travel
      • Can not vote
      • Can not serve on jury
    • Radicals Respond
      • Pass Civil Rights Act 1866
      • Said Blacks have equal rights under the law and are citizens
      • Passed 14 th Amendment
      • 1. Said anyone born here is an American 2. States can not pass laws to take away rights 3. States had to give people Due Process
    • 1867 Reconstruction Act
      • 1. Any Government under Lincoln’s or Johnston plan will not be recognized
      • 2. Confederate leaders can not vote or hold office
      • 3. All White and Black men can vote and be elected
      • 4. Southern states must write new constitution that guarantees Blacks right to vote
      • 5. Southern States must ratify 14 th Amendment
    • President Johnston
      • Tries to vetoed Reconstruction Act
      • Congress overrides vetoed with majority vote
      • Radicals Use High Crimes and Treason
      • Try to Impeach Johnston
      • Fail to impeach by just 1 vote
    • Gen. Grant As President
      • Grant wins election thanks to the Black vote
      • Grant is poor President
      • Plague by many scandals
      • 15 th Amendment passed
      • Can not deny a citizen the right to vote based on race
    • South During Reconstruction
      • Three main groups Carpetbaggers, Scalawags, and Blacks
      • Carpetbaggers abuse power to become rich
      • Scalawags white republicans, small farmers, who wanted the power old plantation owners had
      • Blacks smallest group in government
    • Freedmen Bureau
      • Gave clothes, food, medical care to poor blacks and whites
      • Open over 4,000 schools
      • Many hospitals
      • Several universities
      • Despite effort many blacks still poor and jobless
    • Sharecroppers
      • Rented farmland from owner
      • Paid by giving over share of crops
      • Had to pay for tools, seeds, and farm animals
      • Very little was left over for family
      • Started cycle of poverty
    • Ku Klux Klan
      • Domestic terror group
      • Founded by southern whites
      • To suppress Blacks and keep them from using their new rights
      • Responsible for beating and killing many blacks and white sympathizers
    • Compromise of 1877
      • Hayes becomes President
      • Remove federal troops from the south
      • Use federal money to rebuild southern railroads
    • Jim Crow Laws
      • To Prevent Blacks from voting
      • Required to pay Poll Tax
      • Pass reading test
      • Grandfather Clause- if your grand-daddy voted in 1867 you don’t need to pay or pass test
      • Started Segregation- separating people in public based on race
    • Plessey V. Ferguson
      • Supreme Court Decision that….
      • Confirms Jim Crow Laws Separate but equal is O.K.