The Nation’S New Constitution

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  • this is not about Southern and Northern states, that comes later, decades later. More accurately it is a compromise between populous states and not-so-populous states. The Virginia plan had advocated states with larger population have a larger share of legislative votes . . in BOTH houses of Congress
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  • Agreement on legislative power in Congress was already established
    it was the Virginia plan offered by Madison that first suggested a bicameral legislature
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The Nation’S New Constitution

  1. 1. The Nation’s New Constitution
  2. 2. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Establish Federal Government </li></ul><ul><li>Modeled after Iroquois Nation </li></ul><ul><li>United the colonies under one government </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed them to sign Paris Treaty </li></ul><ul><li>Passed Northwest Ordinance </li></ul>
  3. 3. Problems with the Article of Confederation <ul><li>Weak central government </li></ul><ul><li>Could not collect taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Had no army </li></ul><ul><li>Did not have a central currency (one type of money) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Shays Rebellion 1786 <ul><li>Poor farmers couldn’t pay taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel Shays led an army of angry farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Burn down courthouses </li></ul><ul><li>Private business had to hired soldiers to end the rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>Show the nation a stronger government was needed </li></ul>
  5. 5. Constitutional Convention <ul><li>Trashed Articles of Confederation </li></ul><ul><li>Started over </li></ul><ul><li>George Washington was President of the Convention </li></ul><ul><li>Agreed to have a representative government </li></ul><ul><li>Studied Athens, Magna Carta, Glorious Revolution, Jewish and Christian Virtues </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Great Compromise <ul><li>Agreed Congress should make laws </li></ul><ul><li>Established two houses </li></ul><ul><li>Senate based on equal representation </li></ul><ul><li>House of Representatives based on population </li></ul>
  7. 7. Slavery Compromise <ul><li>Allowed slave trade until 1808 </li></ul><ul><li>3/5 compromise slaves would be counted as a 3/5 of a human </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Six Principles of the Constitution <ul><li>1. Government gets its power from the people </li></ul><ul><li>2. Federalism power to be shared or divided between the states and federal government </li></ul><ul><li>3. Believed in limited government </li></ul><ul><li>4. Separation of Powers between the three branches of government </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>5. Checks and Balances </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example: President picks a judge the Senate approves </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>6. Flexibility- The Elastic Clause </li></ul>
  10. 10. Ratifying the Constitution <ul><li>Delegates worked throughout the long hot summer of 1787 </li></ul><ul><li>Need nine out of thirteen colonies to sign to make it law </li></ul><ul><li>Some delegates argue to include Bill of Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Federalist Vs. Antifederalist </li></ul>
  11. 11. Bill of Rights <ul><li>Ratified 1791 </li></ul>
  12. 12. The End

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