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The Beginning Of The Civil War

The Beginning Of The Civil War






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    The Beginning Of The Civil War The Beginning Of The Civil War Presentation Transcript

    • Bell Work Which branch of the government interprets laws?
    • The Beginning of the Civil War Objective: Cover the Civil War from Fort Sumter to the Battle of Antietam
    • Fort Sumter
      • Fort Sumter S.C. is held by the Union
      • Confederates ask Lincoln to surrender the fort
      • Lincoln says no and sends ships to resupply the fort.
      • Confederates consider that and act of war and attack Fort Sumter
    • Each side had different goals
      • The south was fighting for independence
      • The north was fighting to keep the south in the union
      • Slavery was not and issue yet
      • After Ft Sumter 4 more states join the Confederacy
    • Northern Advantages
      • 4 to 1 soldiers
      • Larger population
      • More food, money, factories, railroads
    • Southern Advantages
      • South had few advantages
      • Smaller population, less money, food, factories, railroads
      • Had Great Generals
    • The North’s Anaconda Plan
      • Capture control of Mississippi River (cut confederacy in half)
      • Capture Richmond Va. (Confederate capital)
      • Blockade southern ports
    • South’s Plan
      • Fight a defensive war
      • Hope the north would grow tired of fighting
      • Hope Great Britain would give supplies
    • First Battle of Bull Run
      • First major battle
      • Over 30,000 union soldiers fight 22,000 Confederate soldiers
      • Thomas J. Jackson becomes a hero and wins the battle for the Confederacy
    • Second Battle of Bull Run
      • The south wins again
      • Morale is high in the south and low in the north
    • Battle of Antietam
      • Bloodiest Day of the War
      • Thousands die on both sides in just one day
      • Union claims victory as Lee retreats to Virginia
      • McClellan foolishly waited 19 days before pursuing Lee
    • After Antietam
      • Europe decides not to back the confederacy
      • Lincoln fires McClellan
      • Lincoln now feels the time is right to act against slavery