Reform And The Progressive Movement


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Reform And The Progressive Movement

  1. 1. Reform and the Progressive Movement
  2. 2. Farmers Vs Railroads <ul><li>National Grange- formed to control railroad rates </li></ul><ul><li>Rail roads take their case to the courts </li></ul><ul><li>Wabash vs. Illinois overturns Granger laws </li></ul><ul><li>Interstate Commerce Act </li></ul>
  3. 3. Populist Party Goals <ul><li>Was formed by farmers for farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Main goal to end gold standard </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted Income tax so rich could pay more taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted the direct election for the senate </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted 8 hour work day </li></ul>
  4. 4. Reforms in Government <ul><li>The Civil Service Act (Pendleton Act) requires people to take a test in order to get civil service job </li></ul><ul><li>William Tweed a corrupt political boss </li></ul><ul><li>Stole over 100 million Dollars </li></ul><ul><li>Sent to jail </li></ul>
  5. 5. Progressive Movement Goals <ul><li>The Recall- the ability to fire elected officials at anytime by popular vote </li></ul><ul><li>Secret Ballot </li></ul><ul><li>The Initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Primary Elections </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Progressive Movement <ul><li>1890 to 1914 </li></ul><ul><li>Use writers called Muckrakers to educate the public </li></ul><ul><li>Upton Sinclair’s “The Jungle” and Lincoln Steffens book called “Shame of the Cities” exposed social issues </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure forces Congress to action passing Pure Drug and Food Act and Meat Inspection Act </li></ul>
  7. 7. Teddy Roosevelt <ul><li>Roosevelt was known as trust buster </li></ul><ul><li>Use Sherman Antitrust Act to bust up Big Business </li></ul><ul><li>His programs of reform was know as “The Square Deal” </li></ul><ul><li>Gave more power to Interstate Commerce Commission </li></ul><ul><li>Known as Farther of Park System </li></ul>
  8. 8. Wilson Works for change <ul><li>16 th Amendment created income tax </li></ul><ul><li>17 th Amendment allowed for direct election of the senate </li></ul><ul><li>Clayton Antitrust Act </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Trade Commission </li></ul>
  9. 9. Trade with Japan <ul><li>In 1853 Commodore Perry enters Japan with warships and presents letter from the President </li></ul><ul><li>Seeking open trade and better treatment of American sailors </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese agree when Perry returns with more warships </li></ul>
  10. 10. Spanish American War <ul><li>Goals to free Cuba from Spanish control </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow Journalism feeds public with exciting but untrue stories of Cuban Independence </li></ul><ul><li>USS Maine sent to protect Americans explodes in Cuban harbor. </li></ul><ul><li>Blame was placed on Spain “Remember the Maine” becomes battle cry </li></ul><ul><li>President McKinley declares war </li></ul>
  11. 11. Spanish American War <ul><li>Teddy Roosevelt orders Dewey to attack Spanish Fleet in Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>Roosevelt resigns as assistant Sec. of Navy to lead the Rough Riders to capture San Juan Hill </li></ul><ul><li>America quickly defeats the Spanish in four months </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Paris gives U.S. control of Cuba, Guam, Puerto Rico, Philippines </li></ul>
  12. 12. China Open Door Policy <ul><li>China was divided in to Spheres of Influence by European powers </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. wanted open trade was afraid one nation may take over china </li></ul><ul><li>All the nations agree that China will be open for everyone </li></ul>
  13. 13. Boxer Rebellion <ul><li>Boxer is nickname for Society of Harmonious Fists </li></ul><ul><li>Hated foreign involvement in China </li></ul><ul><li>Start rebellion was crushed by foreign powers </li></ul>