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Reform And The Progressive Movement
Reform And The Progressive Movement
Reform And The Progressive Movement
Reform And The Progressive Movement
Reform And The Progressive Movement
Reform And The Progressive Movement
Reform And The Progressive Movement
Reform And The Progressive Movement
Reform And The Progressive Movement
Reform And The Progressive Movement
Reform And The Progressive Movement
Reform And The Progressive Movement
Reform And The Progressive Movement
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Reform And The Progressive Movement

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  • 1. Reform and the Progressive Movement
  • 2. Farmers Vs Railroads <ul><li>National Grange- formed to control railroad rates </li></ul><ul><li>Rail roads take their case to the courts </li></ul><ul><li>Wabash vs. Illinois overturns Granger laws </li></ul><ul><li>Interstate Commerce Act </li></ul>
  • 3. Populist Party Goals <ul><li>Was formed by farmers for farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Main goal to end gold standard </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted Income tax so rich could pay more taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted the direct election for the senate </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted 8 hour work day </li></ul>
  • 4. Reforms in Government <ul><li>The Civil Service Act (Pendleton Act) requires people to take a test in order to get civil service job </li></ul><ul><li>William Tweed a corrupt political boss </li></ul><ul><li>Stole over 100 million Dollars </li></ul><ul><li>Sent to jail </li></ul>
  • 5. Progressive Movement Goals <ul><li>The Recall- the ability to fire elected officials at anytime by popular vote </li></ul><ul><li>Secret Ballot </li></ul><ul><li>The Initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Primary Elections </li></ul>
  • 6. The Progressive Movement <ul><li>1890 to 1914 </li></ul><ul><li>Use writers called Muckrakers to educate the public </li></ul><ul><li>Upton Sinclair’s “The Jungle” and Lincoln Steffens book called “Shame of the Cities” exposed social issues </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure forces Congress to action passing Pure Drug and Food Act and Meat Inspection Act </li></ul>
  • 7. Teddy Roosevelt <ul><li>Roosevelt was known as trust buster </li></ul><ul><li>Use Sherman Antitrust Act to bust up Big Business </li></ul><ul><li>His programs of reform was know as “The Square Deal” </li></ul><ul><li>Gave more power to Interstate Commerce Commission </li></ul><ul><li>Known as Farther of Park System </li></ul>
  • 8. Wilson Works for change <ul><li>16 th Amendment created income tax </li></ul><ul><li>17 th Amendment allowed for direct election of the senate </li></ul><ul><li>Clayton Antitrust Act </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Trade Commission </li></ul>
  • 9. Trade with Japan <ul><li>In 1853 Commodore Perry enters Japan with warships and presents letter from the President </li></ul><ul><li>Seeking open trade and better treatment of American sailors </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese agree when Perry returns with more warships </li></ul>
  • 10. Spanish American War <ul><li>Goals to free Cuba from Spanish control </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow Journalism feeds public with exciting but untrue stories of Cuban Independence </li></ul><ul><li>USS Maine sent to protect Americans explodes in Cuban harbor. </li></ul><ul><li>Blame was placed on Spain “Remember the Maine” becomes battle cry </li></ul><ul><li>President McKinley declares war </li></ul>
  • 11. Spanish American War <ul><li>Teddy Roosevelt orders Dewey to attack Spanish Fleet in Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>Roosevelt resigns as assistant Sec. of Navy to lead the Rough Riders to capture San Juan Hill </li></ul><ul><li>America quickly defeats the Spanish in four months </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Paris gives U.S. control of Cuba, Guam, Puerto Rico, Philippines </li></ul>
  • 12. China Open Door Policy <ul><li>China was divided in to Spheres of Influence by European powers </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. wanted open trade was afraid one nation may take over china </li></ul><ul><li>All the nations agree that China will be open for everyone </li></ul>
  • 13. Boxer Rebellion <ul><li>Boxer is nickname for Society of Harmonious Fists </li></ul><ul><li>Hated foreign involvement in China </li></ul><ul><li>Start rebellion was crushed by foreign powers </li></ul>

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