Reaction And Revolution

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Reaction And Revolution

  1. 1. Bell Work <ul><li>This person discovered gravity and proposed that the universe was predicable and ran like a machine </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Isaac Newton </li></ul>
  2. 2. Reaction and Revolution Objective: Cover the Congress of Vienna to rise of nationalism
  3. 3. Congress of Vienna <ul><li>After Napoleon’s defeat the powers of Austria, Prussia, Russia, and England met </li></ul><ul><li>They wanted to restore the old order in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Members use the principal of legitimacy to restore monarchs deposed by Napoleon </li></ul>
  4. 4. Congress of Vienna <ul><li>Members also rearrange European territories to form a new balance of military and political power </li></ul><ul><li>The arrangement stopped the forces set loose by the French Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>This gave rise to a political philosophy called conservatism </li></ul>
  5. 5. Conservatism <ul><li>Is based on tradition and social stability </li></ul><ul><li>Obedience to traditional political authority </li></ul><ul><li>Believed organize religion is important to society </li></ul><ul><li>The congress of Vienna would continue to meet to keep the balance of power in Europe called Concert of Europe </li></ul>
  6. 6. Liberalism <ul><li>Based on principals of the Enlightenment </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of basic rights of people </li></ul><ul><li>Free from government restraint </li></ul><ul><li>Support religious toleration </li></ul><ul><li>Separation of church and State </li></ul>
  7. 7. Nationalism <ul><li>Arose out of people’s awareness of belonging to a community with a common institutions, traditions, language, and custom called a nation </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens owe their loyalty to the nation </li></ul><ul><li>Favored a strong central government </li></ul>
  8. 8. Revolutions of 1848 <ul><li>Conservatives feared the nationalists </li></ul><ul><li>They move to suppress the nationalists </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalist and liberals unite to fight the conservatives </li></ul><ul><li>This causes revolutions in France, Germany, Austria, Italy </li></ul><ul><li>All of these failed and conservatism continued </li></ul>
  9. 9. Breakdown of the Concert of Europe <ul><li>Eventually the nationalist have their day and defeat the old order conservatism in 1871 </li></ul><ul><li>Germany and Italy were unified </li></ul><ul><li>The Crimean War ended and Russia and Austria become enemies this ends the Concert of Europe </li></ul>

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