Principles Of Government

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Principles Of Government

  1. 1. Objective: To analyze the historical foundations of the ideas of government by guided note-taking via PowerPoint presentation
  2. 2. <ul><li>A state is a political community that occupies a definite territory and has an organized government with power to make and enforce laws </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>1. A population of people who share a general political and social consensus </li></ul><ul><li>2. Territory- An area with established boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>3. Sovereignty- means that the state has supreme authority within its territorial boundaries. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Government- An institution through which the state maintains social order and provides services </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Evolutionary Theory- Belief that the state evolved from the family </li></ul><ul><li>Force Theory- all the people of an area were brought under the authority of one person or group </li></ul><ul><li>Divine Right Theory- says that gods have chosen certain people to rule by divine right </li></ul><ul><li>Social Contract Theory says people willingly contract to give power to the government in return for protection </li></ul>John Locke
  5. 5. <ul><li>1. To maintain social order </li></ul><ul><li>2. Provide public services </li></ul><ul><li>3. Provide national security and a common defense </li></ul><ul><li>4. To provide for and control the economic system </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>A constitution is a plan that provides the rule of government. </li></ul><ul><li>It serves several major purposes: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Sets out the ideals that the people bound by the constitution believe in and share </li></ul><ul><li>2. Establishes the basic structure of government and defines its power </li></ul><ul><li>3. Provides the supreme law for the country </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>1. Autocracy- rule by a single person (ex. totalitarian dictatorship, monarchy) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Oligarchy- rule by a small group they derive their power from wealth, military, social position, </li></ul><ul><li>3. Democracy- rule by the people </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Direct democracy- the people govern themselves by voting on issues individually as citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Representative democracy or indirect democracy- the people elect representatives and give them the responsibility and power to make laws and conduct government </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>1. Individual Liberty- the belief that people should be free as possible </li></ul><ul><li>2. Majority rule with minority rights </li></ul><ul><li>3. Free elections </li></ul><ul><li>Free elections are marked by every vote carrying equal weight “one person, one vote” </li></ul><ul><li>All candidates are given a chance to be heard </li></ul><ul><li>Legal requirements to vote are kept to a minimum </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens vote freely by secret ballot without fear of punishment </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>What democracy needs to grow and thrive </li></ul><ul><li>1. Active citizen participation </li></ul><ul><li>2. A favorable economy- no extremes of wealth and poverty </li></ul><ul><li>3.Widespread education- An educated and informed public is vital </li></ul><ul><li>4. Strong Civil Society- a complex network of non-profit organizations </li></ul><ul><li>5. A social consensus- everyone believes in the same general ideas ( ex. Liberty and equality for all) </li></ul>

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