Prelude To War3

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Prelude To War3

  1. 1. The Beginning of WWII Objective: Cover the events the lead to the beginning of WWII
  2. 2. The Causes of WWII <ul><li>The Treaty of Versailles was too harsh Germans were angry about reparations, lack of military </li></ul><ul><li>League of Nations was too weak </li></ul><ul><li>The rise of Totalitarian governments (dictators) </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalism and Imperialism </li></ul><ul><li>Militarism </li></ul>
  3. 3. Aggression of Dictators <ul><li>Benito Mussolini becomes Fascist dictator of Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Italy invades Ethiopia </li></ul><ul><li>League of Nations does nothing </li></ul>
  4. 4. Aggression of Dictators <ul><li>Joseph Stalin becomes dictator in the Soviet Union in 1929 </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin is a Communist </li></ul><ul><li>Uses his power to kill those that oppose him </li></ul>
  5. 5. Aggression of Dictators <ul><li>Adolf Hitler Fascist leader of Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Stop following the Treaty of Versailles </li></ul><ul><li>Begins building a huge military </li></ul><ul><li>Appeals to German Nationalism tells the German people they are the “Master Race” </li></ul><ul><li>Germany enters Rhineland in 1936 </li></ul><ul><li>Then took Austria </li></ul>
  6. 6. Aggression of Dictators <ul><li>Hitler blamed Germany’s problems on the Treaty of Versailles and on Communists </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler believed that Jews had caused Germany’s defeat in WWI and the Great Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Concentrations camps were created to imprison or kill Jews </li></ul>
  7. 7. Aggression of Dictators <ul><li>In Japan, military leaders made all important government decisions </li></ul><ul><li>1931 Japan invades Manchuria for resources and later invades other parts of Asia </li></ul><ul><li>In 1941 General Hideki Tojo becomes a dictator </li></ul>
  8. 8. Prelude to War <ul><li>1936 Italy and Germany form an Alliance called the Axis Powers </li></ul><ul><li>1940 Japans joins the Alliance </li></ul><ul><li>Axis powers use military force to conquer other countries </li></ul><ul><li>In 1938 Hitler states all German speaking people must form one country </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler invades Austria and then part of Czechoslovakia </li></ul>
  9. 9. Appeasement <ul><li>Appeasement: giving someone what they want </li></ul><ul><li>In 1938 Hitler meets with British and French leader </li></ul><ul><li>Neville Chamberlain thought he could make peace </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler promises not to take anymore land </li></ul><ul><li>Chamberlain makes deal with Hitler and returns to Britain with “Peace in our Time” </li></ul><ul><li>Six months later Hitler conquers the rest of Czechoslovakia </li></ul>
  10. 10. Hitler’s Next Move <ul><li>After taking Czechoslovakia </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler wanted Poland </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler signs non-aggression pack with Soviets </li></ul>

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