Life In The 13 Colonies

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Life In The 13 Colonies

  1. 1. Life in the 13 Colonies
  2. 2. Three Groups of Colonies
  3. 3. New England <ul><li>Long, cold winters </li></ul><ul><li>Rocky soil difficult to grow food </li></ul><ul><li>Used trees to build ships </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing, hunting whale, trading </li></ul><ul><li>Religion was center of life </li></ul>
  4. 4. Puritans <ul><li>Believe God rewarded hard work </li></ul><ul><li>In most towns built meeting houses </li></ul><ul><li>Male church members who owned property could vote </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning of American Democracy </li></ul>
  5. 5. Middle Colonies <ul><li>Milder climate and better soil </li></ul><ul><li>Settlers were from Germany, Sweden, France, and Scotland </li></ul><ul><li>Most were farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Considered bread basket of the colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Grew large amounts of grain for trading </li></ul>
  6. 6. Southern Colonies <ul><li>Warmer than the other two colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Could grow crops throughout the year </li></ul><ul><li>Large area of flat ground with good soil </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco and Rice grown on large plantations </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly traded with New England </li></ul>
  7. 7. Plantation Life <ul><li>Almost everything a planter needed could be made on the plantation </li></ul><ul><li>Lived in large house </li></ul><ul><li>Owner’s wife ran the house and managed slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves were imported from Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Slave codes were passed to control slaves </li></ul>
  8. 8. Religion in the Colonies <ul><li>Religion was important in the 13 colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Jonathan Edwards important leader of Great Awakening </li></ul><ul><li>“ All people were equal before God” </li></ul><ul><li>Taught people to read the bible for themselves </li></ul>
  9. 9. Education <ul><li>New England was the first to develop public schools </li></ul><ul><li>Puritans believed everyone should be able to read the bible </li></ul><ul><li>In 1647 first school law passed </li></ul><ul><li>More the fifty families to a town must hire teacher </li></ul><ul><li>More than 100 must start grammar school </li></ul>
  10. 10. Colonial Trade <ul><li>Most colonies traded with each other and New England </li></ul><ul><li>Mercantilism (the theory that a nation could only become rich by gaining wealth from rival nations) </li></ul><ul><li>Navigation Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forced the colonies to trade mainly with England </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Triangular Trade <ul><li>Boston sends a ship with fur to France </li></ul><ul><li>In France the ship trades fur for fruit and wine not available in England </li></ul><ul><li>Ship goes to England and trades fruit and wine for furniture to take to Boston </li></ul>

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