Industrial Revolution


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Industrial Revolution

  1. 1. Bell Work <ul><li>John Locke believed government’s role is to do what? </li></ul><ul><li>To protect people’s rights </li></ul>
  2. 2. Industrial Revolution Objective: Cover the cause and effect of the Industrial Revolution
  3. 3. The Beginning <ul><li>Started in England in 1780’s </li></ul><ul><li>For many reasons </li></ul><ul><li>1. improved farming methods increased the food supply </li></ul><ul><li>2. Had a supply of money to invest </li></ul><ul><li>3. Series of inventions spinning jenny, Steam engine </li></ul><ul><li>4. Factories </li></ul><ul><li>5. Lots of natural resources (coal, iron) </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Growth of Industry <ul><li>James Watt improved the Steam Engine so it could power machines </li></ul><ul><li>Now it was efficient to bring workers to the factory to work </li></ul><ul><li>The steam engine drove England’s Industrial Revolution and it ran on coal </li></ul><ul><li>This expanded the coal industry </li></ul>
  5. 5. Coals effect on the Iron Industry <ul><li>Iron had been made in England for centuries </li></ul><ul><li>Using a technique called puddling produced a better quality of iron </li></ul><ul><li>British iron industry boomed </li></ul>
  6. 6. Transportation expands <ul><li>Railroads were critical to I.R. </li></ul><ul><li>Railroads made it easier and cheaper to bring goods to market </li></ul><ul><li>First railroads were slow 16 mph within 20 years trains were going 50 mph </li></ul><ul><li>1830 England had 32 miles of track </li></ul><ul><li>1850 England had 6,000 miles of track </li></ul>
  7. 7. Rise of the Factory <ul><li>Factories changed the way people worked </li></ul><ul><li>A new labor system was invented </li></ul><ul><li>To keep machines going workers had to work in shifts </li></ul><ul><li>Factories trained farm workers to work the same hours everyday and do repetitive work </li></ul>
  8. 8. Spread of Industrialization <ul><li>Britain become the world’s greatest industrial nation it produce one half of the world’s cotton goods and coal </li></ul><ul><li>I.R. spread at different speeds first to Germany, France, and Belgium </li></ul><ul><li>Then America and Japan </li></ul>
  9. 9. Transportation in America <ul><li>Miles of roads and canals were built in America </li></ul><ul><li>Railroad was most important to I.R. </li></ul><ul><li>1830 America had 100 miles of track </li></ul><ul><li>1860 had over 30,000 miles of track </li></ul>
  10. 10. Social Impact in Europe <ul><li>I.R. cause cities to grow </li></ul><ul><li>Creates two new social classes middle class and working class </li></ul><ul><li>People begin to move to the cities to find work </li></ul><ul><li>People in cities lived in miserable conditions </li></ul>
  11. 11. Working conditions <ul><li>12 to 16 hour days 6 days a week </li></ul><ul><li>Women and children made up 2/3 of work force </li></ul><ul><li>Women and children were paid ½ of what men earned </li></ul><ul><li>Government pass reforms to improve working hours for women and children </li></ul>
  12. 12. Rise of Socialism <ul><li>Pitiful conditions for workers led to socialism </li></ul><ul><li>Under socialism government owns and controls the means of production </li></ul><ul><li>Socialism came form intellectuals who believed in the equally of all men. </li></ul>