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Industrial Revolution
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Industrial Revolution

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Transcript

  • 1. Bell Work
    • John Locke believed government’s role is to do what?
    • To protect people’s rights
  • 2. Industrial Revolution Objective: Cover the cause and effect of the Industrial Revolution
  • 3. The Beginning
    • Started in England in 1780’s
    • For many reasons
    • 1. improved farming methods increased the food supply
    • 2. Had a supply of money to invest
    • 3. Series of inventions spinning jenny, Steam engine
    • 4. Factories
    • 5. Lots of natural resources (coal, iron)
  • 4. The Growth of Industry
    • James Watt improved the Steam Engine so it could power machines
    • Now it was efficient to bring workers to the factory to work
    • The steam engine drove England’s Industrial Revolution and it ran on coal
    • This expanded the coal industry
  • 5. Coals effect on the Iron Industry
    • Iron had been made in England for centuries
    • Using a technique called puddling produced a better quality of iron
    • British iron industry boomed
  • 6. Transportation expands
    • Railroads were critical to I.R.
    • Railroads made it easier and cheaper to bring goods to market
    • First railroads were slow 16 mph within 20 years trains were going 50 mph
    • 1830 England had 32 miles of track
    • 1850 England had 6,000 miles of track
  • 7. Rise of the Factory
    • Factories changed the way people worked
    • A new labor system was invented
    • To keep machines going workers had to work in shifts
    • Factories trained farm workers to work the same hours everyday and do repetitive work
  • 8. Spread of Industrialization
    • Britain become the world’s greatest industrial nation it produce one half of the world’s cotton goods and coal
    • I.R. spread at different speeds first to Germany, France, and Belgium
    • Then America and Japan
  • 9. Transportation in America
    • Miles of roads and canals were built in America
    • Railroad was most important to I.R.
    • 1830 America had 100 miles of track
    • 1860 had over 30,000 miles of track
  • 10. Social Impact in Europe
    • I.R. cause cities to grow
    • Creates two new social classes middle class and working class
    • People begin to move to the cities to find work
    • People in cities lived in miserable conditions
  • 11. Working conditions
    • 12 to 16 hour days 6 days a week
    • Women and children made up 2/3 of work force
    • Women and children were paid ½ of what men earned
    • Government pass reforms to improve working hours for women and children
  • 12. Rise of Socialism
    • Pitiful conditions for workers led to socialism
    • Under socialism government owns and controls the means of production
    • Socialism came form intellectuals who believed in the equally of all men.