Immigration and Labor Movements Change America Objective: To Cover the social changes that take place during the early 20 ...
Division of Labor <ul><li>Workers begin to specialize in one task </li></ul><ul><li>Division of Labor made work faster and...
Cities Grow Larger <ul><li>By 1900 half of the nation’s people lived in cities </li></ul><ul><li>Mass transit systems are ...
Old Immigrants  <ul><li>Immigrants prior to 1880 called old immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Came mostly from England, Scotlan...
New Immigrants <ul><li>Immigrants who arrive after 1880 were called new immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Came mostly from Pola...
Why did they come? <ul><li>1. to escape poverty </li></ul><ul><li>2. They believe America was land of opportunity </li></u...
Immigrant life in America <ul><li>Lived in Crowed Tenements </li></ul><ul><li>Many faced prejudices </li></ul><ul><li>Amer...
Causes leading to Labor Unions <ul><li>Work Conditions were extremely poor and dangerous </li></ul><ul><li>Low Wages few e...
Labor Unions <ul><li>First Union Knights of Labor 1869 first union to allow Blacks, and Women </li></ul><ul><li>American F...
Union Tactics <ul><li>Include collective bargaining-- </li></ul><ul><li>Mangers and workers meet to solve problems </li></...
Striking for better conditions <ul><li>1892 Homestead workers went on strike over low wages </li></ul><ul><li>Management r...
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Immigration And Labor Movements Change America

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Immigration And Labor Movements Change America

  1. 1. Immigration and Labor Movements Change America Objective: To Cover the social changes that take place during the early 20 th Century
  2. 2. Division of Labor <ul><li>Workers begin to specialize in one task </li></ul><ul><li>Division of Labor made work faster and cheaper </li></ul><ul><li>Unskilled or low skill workers did most of the work </li></ul><ul><li>Salaries were low </li></ul>
  3. 3. Cities Grow Larger <ul><li>By 1900 half of the nation’s people lived in cities </li></ul><ul><li>Mass transit systems are developed </li></ul><ul><li>Crowding in cities leads to problems </li></ul><ul><li>Not enough clean water </li></ul><ul><li>Garbage, Rats and Diseases spread </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of police and fire protection </li></ul>
  4. 4. Old Immigrants <ul><li>Immigrants prior to 1880 called old immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Came mostly from England, Scotland, Ireland, and Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Many knew how to read and write and speak English </li></ul><ul><li>Most were Protestant </li></ul>
  5. 5. New Immigrants <ul><li>Immigrants who arrive after 1880 were called new immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Came mostly from Poland, Russia, Greece, Italy, and Austria-Hungary </li></ul><ul><li>Many could not read or write </li></ul><ul><li>Most were Catholics or Jews </li></ul><ul><li>Between 1880 and 1914 22 million new immigrants arrive in America </li></ul>
  6. 6. Why did they come? <ul><li>1. to escape poverty </li></ul><ul><li>2. They believe America was land of opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>3. For Religious freedom and to escape persecution </li></ul><ul><li>For many first view of America was the Statue of Liberty </li></ul>
  7. 7. Immigrant life in America <ul><li>Lived in Crowed Tenements </li></ul><ul><li>Many faced prejudices </li></ul><ul><li>American’s were angry because Immigrants kept wages low </li></ul><ul><li>American’s pressure Congress to act </li></ul><ul><li>Congress creates quota system </li></ul>
  8. 8. Causes leading to Labor Unions <ul><li>Work Conditions were extremely poor and dangerous </li></ul><ul><li>Low Wages few earned more then 16 dollars a week </li></ul><ul><li>Long hours </li></ul><ul><li>By 1890 1/5 of children worked 14 hr days </li></ul>
  9. 9. Labor Unions <ul><li>First Union Knights of Labor 1869 first union to allow Blacks, and Women </li></ul><ul><li>American Federation of Labor (AFL) made up of several smaller unions </li></ul><ul><li>By 1904 AFL had over 1 million members </li></ul><ul><li>Goals of Unions: better pay, less hours, better work conditions </li></ul>
  10. 10. Union Tactics <ul><li>Include collective bargaining-- </li></ul><ul><li>Mangers and workers meet to solve problems </li></ul><ul><li>Strikes -- </li></ul><ul><li>When workers stop working and walkout and protest </li></ul>
  11. 11. Striking for better conditions <ul><li>1892 Homestead workers went on strike over low wages </li></ul><ul><li>Management refused to talk </li></ul><ul><li>And hired arm guards </li></ul><ul><li>Workers and guards fight </li></ul><ul><li>Union failed to win better salaries </li></ul>

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