Government For A New Nation

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Government For A New Nation

  1. 1. Government for a New Nation Objective: What: Cover the Development of a new National Government How: Guided Note-Taking via PowerPoint
  2. 2. A New Nation <ul><li>In 1776 a new nation was born </li></ul><ul><li>It took 11 years to create the U.S. Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>In 1787 40 men signed the Constitution </li></ul>
  3. 3. Early Ideas <ul><li>Democracy comes from the Greek word “rule by the people” </li></ul><ul><li>The first democracy was created more than 2,000 years ago in Greece </li></ul><ul><li>The democracy of Athens was a direct democracy </li></ul>
  4. 4. Democracy <ul><li>Direct democracy is where all the people vote on issues </li></ul><ul><li>Representative democracy is where the people elect leaders to vote for them </li></ul><ul><li>The first representative democracy started 2,500 in Rome </li></ul>
  5. 5. Great Britain <ul><li>Hundreds of years later Great Britain would use the Roman’s ideas of democracy </li></ul><ul><li>In 1215 British nobles forced King John to sign the Magna Carta </li></ul><ul><li>This document forced the King to recognize the right’s of nobles and vassals </li></ul>
  6. 6. Magna Carta <ul><li>Was also important because it gave accused people the right to a trial by a jury of peers </li></ul>
  7. 7. British Parliament <ul><li>Is a group of lawmakers who wrote laws for the king </li></ul><ul><li>These lawmakers represented nobles </li></ul><ul><li>Slowly over time more people were allowed to vote </li></ul>
  8. 8. The English Bill of Rights <ul><li>Was passed in 1689 </li></ul><ul><li>It strengthened representative government in Britain </li></ul><ul><li>It gave Parliament the right to raise taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Protected the rights of the people </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed people to speak out against the government </li></ul>
  9. 9. Parliament has Two Houses <ul><li>Nobles work in the House of Lords </li></ul><ul><li>Representatives are elected to the House of Commons </li></ul><ul><li>The leader of Parliament is the Prime Minister </li></ul>
  10. 10. American Democracy <ul><li>When the Americans began to write the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>They considered the democracies of the Greeks, Romans, and British </li></ul>

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