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French Rev

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Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2. Causes of French Revolution
  • 3. French Society and the Revolution
    • Primary cause was Social inequality
    • Feudalism
    • French society divide into three orders or estates
    • First estates is Clergy
    • Second estate is Nobility
    • Third estate is Commoners
  • 4. Enlightenment
    • The Bourgeoisie (middle-class) and Aristocrats where drawn to the political ideas of the enlightenment
    • This would lead to drastic action against the monarchy
  • 5. Immediate cause of Revolution
    • Near collapse of government finances
    • A series of economic crisis for over 50 years
    • Number of poor reached 1/3 of population
    • Despite all of this King Louis XVI continued to spend lavishly on wars and luxuries
  • 6. Estates General
    • Made of representatives from each estate or class in French society
    • Third estate wanted to form a constitutional government that would abolish tax exemption of first and second estates.
    • Tennis court oath
  • 7. National Assembly (Third Estate)
    • Plead to draft a constitution (Tennis court oath)
    • Commoners storm the Bastille
    • King’s authority collapsed
    • Revolution had begun
  • 8. Constitution of 1791
    • Limited monarchy
    • Assembly with powers to make laws
    • Only men over 25 who paid taxes could vote
  • 9.
    • King tried to escape but was caught and returned to Paris
    • Other European Monarchs threatened to help Louis XIV In response the Assembly declares war
  • 10. Move to Radicalism
    • Defeat during war and economic hard times continued a mob to attack the royal palace and the assembly
    • Captured the King and demanded and end to the monarchy
  • 11. Power Shift
    • Commune seeks revenge and arrest and massacre thousands
    • The National Convention meets and ends the monarchy and establish French republic