East Asia

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East Asia

  1. 1. Bell Work <ul><li>For which imperial power did the “Sun Never Set”? </li></ul><ul><li>Great Britain </li></ul>
  2. 2. East Asia Objective: To cover social and economic developments in China between 1840 and 1900
  3. 3. Decline of Qing Dynasty <ul><li>Manchu's were at height of power </li></ul><ul><li>Causes of decline </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure from Western Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Internal corruption, peasant unrest, and incompetence leads to downfall </li></ul>
  4. 4. Opium War <ul><li>Foreign trade was restricted in China to one port </li></ul><ul><li>Britain had an unfavorable balance of trade </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiations failed to improve situation </li></ul><ul><li>Britain starts selling opium </li></ul><ul><li>China responds with force </li></ul>
  5. 5. Opium War <ul><li>Britain crushes China’s forces </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Nanjing opened five new ports and gave Hong Kong to Britain </li></ul><ul><li>This was the start of strong western influence in China </li></ul>
  6. 6. Tia Ping Rebellion <ul><li>The rebellion lasted 14 years and killed 20 million people </li></ul><ul><li>The Cause was social unrest and the need for reform </li></ul><ul><li>In 1825 Rebels seized Nanjing and massacred 25,000 men, women, and children </li></ul>
  7. 7. Tia Ping Rebellion <ul><li>Europeans help restore the Qing Dynasty and crush the rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>Britain and France press for expanded access to China </li></ul><ul><li>Opium trade is legalized and new ports are open to westerners </li></ul>
  8. 8. Advance of Imperialism <ul><li>Qing leadership tries to adopt some western ideas while preserving Chinese culture </li></ul><ul><li>Qing continue to resist Western involvement China </li></ul><ul><li>Russia forces China to give up Siberia </li></ul>
  9. 9. Advance of Imperialism <ul><li>Europeans start setting up “Spheres of Influence” </li></ul><ul><li>Europeans begin to divide up China for themselves </li></ul>
  10. 10. Opening the Door to China <ul><li>United States proposes equal access to China and their markets </li></ul><ul><li>All nations agree China should have an “ Open Door Policy ” </li></ul><ul><li>The policy lessen the fear that one nation would try to dominate China </li></ul>
  11. 11. Boxer Rebellion <ul><li>Boxer was nickname for a secret group called “The Society of Harmonious Fists” </li></ul><ul><li>Boxers hated foreign influence in China </li></ul><ul><li>Western Powers and Japan crushed the Rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>Soon after Qing dynasty collapses </li></ul>
  12. 12. Japan <ul><li>Isolation is ended in 1853 </li></ul><ul><li>Commodore Perry arrives with a letter from President Fillmore </li></ul><ul><li>Wanting open relations </li></ul><ul><li>Japan opens two ports to the west </li></ul><ul><li>Japan begins to industrialize </li></ul>
  13. 13. Japan <ul><li>Japan begins imperial expansion for natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>Japan launches surprise attack on Russian Fleet and invades China </li></ul><ul><li>Japan also conquers Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Suspicion grows between Japan and U.S. </li></ul>

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