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Conflict Middle East
Conflict Middle East
Conflict Middle East
Conflict Middle East
Conflict Middle East
Conflict Middle East
Conflict Middle East
Conflict Middle East
Conflict Middle East
Conflict Middle East
Conflict Middle East
Conflict Middle East
Conflict Middle East
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Conflict Middle East

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  • 1. Bell Work <ul><li>During Vietnam President Johnson used the Gulf of Tonkin incident to do what? </li></ul><ul><li>To increase American’s involvement in Vietnam </li></ul>
  • 2. Objective : Cover the development of the Middle East after WWII
  • 3. <ul><li>After WWII new Middle East states emerged </li></ul><ul><li>In 1948 Israel was created out of Palestine </li></ul><ul><li>Many Arab nations refused to recognize Israel </li></ul><ul><li>1956 President Nasser of Egypt seized the Suez Canal </li></ul><ul><li>Britain, France, and Israel attack Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. and Soviet Union support Egypt and force others to withdraw </li></ul>
  • 4. <ul><li>Nasser promotes Pan-Arabism or Arab Unity </li></ul><ul><li>1967 Nasser blocks Israeli shipping </li></ul><ul><li>Starts Six-Day War </li></ul><ul><li>After war Israel triples its size occupying Sinai Peninsula, West Bank, Jerusalem, and Golan Heights </li></ul>
  • 5. <ul><li>Anwar el-Sadat succeeded Nasser in 1970 </li></ul><ul><li>Arab oil producing countries form OPEC to gain power over oil prices </li></ul><ul><li>1973 a serious oil shortage causes problems in U.S. and Europe </li></ul><ul><li>1979 Egypt and Israel sign peace treaty called Camp David Accords </li></ul>
  • 6. <ul><li>1964 PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) is formed to fight Israel </li></ul><ul><li>Yasir Arafat launches terror attacks on Israel </li></ul><ul><li>1980’s Palestinians start Intifada or uprising against Israel </li></ul><ul><li>1993 Israel and PLO reach agreement on giving Palestinian autonomy </li></ul>
  • 7. <ul><li>Iran was chief ally of U.S. during 1950’s and 60’s </li></ul><ul><li>The Shah was overthrown by Ayatollah Khomeini in 1979 </li></ul><ul><li>1979 American embassy hostage Crisis </li></ul><ul><li>52 Americans held for 444 days </li></ul><ul><li>Saddam Hussein takes power in Iraq in 1979 </li></ul><ul><li>Starts 8 year war with Iran </li></ul>
  • 8. <ul><li>Terrorist use terror or violence to achieve political and or religious objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Today’s terrorism is a clash between modern and traditional Islamic cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Attacks America for backing Israel and enriching ruling Arabs by buying oil </li></ul>
  • 9. <ul><li>Wealthy Saudi who founded Al-Qaeda (the base) </li></ul><ul><li>Fought against Soviets in Afghanistan during 1980’s </li></ul><ul><li>1996 Taliban seized control of Afghanistan and allow Osama to use it as a base </li></ul>
  • 10. <ul><li>19 terrorist attacked New York and Washington D.C. using four hi-jacked airliners </li></ul><ul><li>Oct. 2001 President Bush launched attacks against the Taliban and Bin Laden </li></ul><ul><li>By Dec. 2001 Taliban was defeated </li></ul><ul><li>Patriot Act was passed to increase power of Law Enforcement to catch terrorist before they strike </li></ul><ul><li>Nov. 2002 Dept. Homeland Security is created to protect America </li></ul>
  • 11. <ul><li>Jan. 2002 Pres. Bush warns of Axis of Evil </li></ul><ul><li>Iraq was developing Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) and had used them twice before (Chemical) </li></ul><ul><li>March 2003 U.S. invades Iraq </li></ul><ul><li>Saddam was overthrown placed on trial and executed </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. helps Iraq build a new democratic government </li></ul>
  • 12. Courage Under Fire
  • 13. Operation Iraqi Freedom

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