Conflict Middle East

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Conflict Middle East

  1. 1. Bell Work <ul><li>During Vietnam President Johnson used the Gulf of Tonkin incident to do what? </li></ul><ul><li>To increase American’s involvement in Vietnam </li></ul>
  2. 2. Objective : Cover the development of the Middle East after WWII
  3. 3. <ul><li>After WWII new Middle East states emerged </li></ul><ul><li>In 1948 Israel was created out of Palestine </li></ul><ul><li>Many Arab nations refused to recognize Israel </li></ul><ul><li>1956 President Nasser of Egypt seized the Suez Canal </li></ul><ul><li>Britain, France, and Israel attack Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. and Soviet Union support Egypt and force others to withdraw </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Nasser promotes Pan-Arabism or Arab Unity </li></ul><ul><li>1967 Nasser blocks Israeli shipping </li></ul><ul><li>Starts Six-Day War </li></ul><ul><li>After war Israel triples its size occupying Sinai Peninsula, West Bank, Jerusalem, and Golan Heights </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Anwar el-Sadat succeeded Nasser in 1970 </li></ul><ul><li>Arab oil producing countries form OPEC to gain power over oil prices </li></ul><ul><li>1973 a serious oil shortage causes problems in U.S. and Europe </li></ul><ul><li>1979 Egypt and Israel sign peace treaty called Camp David Accords </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>1964 PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) is formed to fight Israel </li></ul><ul><li>Yasir Arafat launches terror attacks on Israel </li></ul><ul><li>1980’s Palestinians start Intifada or uprising against Israel </li></ul><ul><li>1993 Israel and PLO reach agreement on giving Palestinian autonomy </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Iran was chief ally of U.S. during 1950’s and 60’s </li></ul><ul><li>The Shah was overthrown by Ayatollah Khomeini in 1979 </li></ul><ul><li>1979 American embassy hostage Crisis </li></ul><ul><li>52 Americans held for 444 days </li></ul><ul><li>Saddam Hussein takes power in Iraq in 1979 </li></ul><ul><li>Starts 8 year war with Iran </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Terrorist use terror or violence to achieve political and or religious objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Today’s terrorism is a clash between modern and traditional Islamic cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Attacks America for backing Israel and enriching ruling Arabs by buying oil </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Wealthy Saudi who founded Al-Qaeda (the base) </li></ul><ul><li>Fought against Soviets in Afghanistan during 1980’s </li></ul><ul><li>1996 Taliban seized control of Afghanistan and allow Osama to use it as a base </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>19 terrorist attacked New York and Washington D.C. using four hi-jacked airliners </li></ul><ul><li>Oct. 2001 President Bush launched attacks against the Taliban and Bin Laden </li></ul><ul><li>By Dec. 2001 Taliban was defeated </li></ul><ul><li>Patriot Act was passed to increase power of Law Enforcement to catch terrorist before they strike </li></ul><ul><li>Nov. 2002 Dept. Homeland Security is created to protect America </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Jan. 2002 Pres. Bush warns of Axis of Evil </li></ul><ul><li>Iraq was developing Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) and had used them twice before (Chemical) </li></ul><ul><li>March 2003 U.S. invades Iraq </li></ul><ul><li>Saddam was overthrown placed on trial and executed </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. helps Iraq build a new democratic government </li></ul>
  12. 12. Courage Under Fire
  13. 13. Operation Iraqi Freedom

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