American Revolution

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American Revolution

  1. 2. After Lexington and Concord <ul><li>Delegates meet in Philadelphia </li></ul><ul><li>Agree Washington should be Commander </li></ul><ul><li>Send Ben Franklin to Paris to ask for help </li></ul>
  2. 3. Bunker Hill <ul><li>Americans move in to Boston </li></ul><ul><li>British Attack </li></ul><ul><li>Americans wait till the last minute to fire </li></ul><ul><li>Kill over a thousand British </li></ul><ul><li>But loss the battle </li></ul>
  3. 4. Back in Philadelphia <ul><li>Delegates send Olive Branch Petition to King George </li></ul><ul><li>Colonist wanted peace </li></ul><ul><li>George refuses to read the letter </li></ul><ul><li>Sends ships to blockade American ports </li></ul>
  4. 5. Common Sense Pamphlet <ul><li>Written by Thomas Paine </li></ul><ul><li>Convince many Americans they should be free from Britain </li></ul><ul><li>“It is ridiculous and against natural law for an island to rule a continent” </li></ul>
  5. 6. Declaration of Independence <ul><li>Delegates explain their reasons for independence </li></ul><ul><li>“All men are created equal with inalienable rights” </li></ul><ul><li>Asked Thomas Jefferson to write most of it </li></ul><ul><li>Used enlightenment ideas of John Locke </li></ul>
  6. 7. John Locke <ul><li>Believed God gave rights that belong to all people and cannot be taken away. </li></ul><ul><li>Locke also believe that people have a right to revolt if government does not protect rights </li></ul>
  7. 8. Fourth of July <ul><li>Delegates sign the Declaration </li></ul><ul><li>Delegates were now all traitors to the Great Britain </li></ul><ul><li>If America lost the war they would all hang </li></ul>
  8. 9. Commander and Chief <ul><li>Washington goes to Boston </li></ul><ul><li>Takes charge of army </li></ul><ul><li>Many problems </li></ul><ul><li>No money for supplies or food </li></ul><ul><li>Despite this he teaches the army to work together </li></ul>
  9. 10. The Early Years Of The War <ul><li>Washington loses battle for Long Island </li></ul><ul><li>Wins battle in Trenton and Princeton </li></ul><ul><li>October of 1776 wins major battle at Saratoga, New York </li></ul>
  10. 11. Battle of Saratoga <ul><li>Turning point of the war </li></ul><ul><li>Captures 6,000 prisoners </li></ul><ul><li>French decide to join war </li></ul><ul><li>Sends troops, ships, and supplies </li></ul><ul><li>France’s goal defeat its old enemy </li></ul>
  11. 12. Valley Forge <ul><li>Washington moves to Pennsylvania </li></ul><ul><li>Long, cold winter </li></ul><ul><li>Morale extremely low many men return home </li></ul><ul><li>Not enough food or supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands without shoes </li></ul>
  12. 13. After the winter <ul><li>More fighting in the south and west </li></ul><ul><li>British win many battles but loss many men </li></ul><ul><li>Spain sends supplies and money to America </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish army captures British forts and cities along the Gulf Coast </li></ul>
  13. 14. Yorktown 1781 <ul><li>General Cornwallis is losing the war for Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Americans trap Cornwallis and his army at Yorktown </li></ul><ul><li>Cornwallis surrenders to Washington after 3 months of fighting </li></ul>
  14. 15. Treaty of Paris 1783 <ul><li>Britain recognize America as a independent nation </li></ul><ul><li>Britain losses all lands east of the Mississippi River </li></ul>

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