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9 Justice For All
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  • 1. Justice for All The Judicial Branch Objective: Analyze the role of the Judicial Branch in the Federal Government How: By guided note-taking via PowerPoint
  • 2. Judicial Branch
    • Has fewer workers than the other branches
    • This branch makes important decisions that have a long-lasting effect on the nation
  • 3. Federal Court System
    • The Constitution established only one court for the nation the Supreme Court
    • It gave congress the power to establish lower federal courts
    • Since 1789 Congress created several different kinds of courts
  • 4. Federal Court System
    • District Courts- are trial courts that hears evidence about crimes against the federal government
    • Court of Appeal- decide whether or not District courts followed due process
    • There are 11 Courts of Appeals in the country
  • 5. Federal Court System
    • Decisions made by the Court of Appeals is final unless it is appealed to the Supreme Court
    • The Supreme Court is the highest court in the land
    • It can over turn any lower court; Supreme Court decisions are final and can not be appealed
  • 6. Federal Court System
    • Judges in District Courts, Court of Appeal, and Supreme Court are allowed to serve for life
    • This is done so judges don’t have to worry about whether they will please or anger voters
  • 7. Supreme Court at Work
    • Nine judges decide the cases of the United States Supreme Court
    • The head of the Supreme Court is called the Chief Justice
    • Supreme Court works from October to June
  • 8. Supreme Court at Work
    • Out of the 4500 cases submitted to the court only 200 will be heard
    • They only chose the most important cases
    • Each Justice studies the case and then they vote on a decision
  • 9. Supreme Court at Work
    • There are four decisions the Supreme Court can make
    • 1. Decide whether laws passed by Congress are unconstitutional
    • 2. Decide whether State laws are unconstitutional
    • 3. Decide if the President’s actions are unconstitutional
    • 4. Decide how to settle problems between states
  • 10. Judicial Review
    • Allows The Supreme Court to overturn any law that it decides is unconstitutional
    • Since 1803 the Court has overturn more than 100 hundred laws