Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
9 Civil Rights Movement
9 Civil Rights Movement
9 Civil Rights Movement
9 Civil Rights Movement
9 Civil Rights Movement
9 Civil Rights Movement
9 Civil Rights Movement
9 Civil Rights Movement
9 Civil Rights Movement
9 Civil Rights Movement
9 Civil Rights Movement
9 Civil Rights Movement
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

9 Civil Rights Movement


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. Bell Work
    • What is McCarthyism?
    • Fear of a communist takeover
  • 2. Objective: Cover the development of the civil rights movement
  • 3.
    • After the Civil War enslaved Blacks were freed
    • The 13 th , 14 th , and 15 th Amendments freed slaves and gave them equal rights
    • After reconstruction the south enacts Jim Crow Laws to separate Whites and Blacks
    • 1896 Supreme Court Decision of Plessy v. Ferguson protected segregation by saying separate but equal was o.k.
  • 4.
    • Phillip Randolph organized a march on Washington
    • The purpose was to protest the exclusion of Blacks from well paying jobs in war industries
    • In response Franklin D. Roosevelt issued the Fair Employment Act and ended the discrimination
  • 5.
    • Civil rights movement began in the 1950’s
    • 1 st goal was to end segregation by calling for integration
    • 2 nd goal better economic opportunities for Blacks
  • 6.
    • In 1954 the Supreme Court ended segregation in schools
    • Linda Brown wanted to attend a white elementary school near her home
    • The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) took the case to the Supreme Court
    • Brown overturned Plessy v. Ferguson
    • But some state governments refused to follow Brown
  • 7.
    • Central High School in Little rock Arkansas becomes a battle ground for integration
    • Nine Black Students try to attend an all white high school
    • The governor refuses to integrate the school and sends guards to stop the students
    • President Eisenhower sends 1,000 soldiers to protect the Little Rock Nine
  • 8.
    • Dec. 1953 Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery bus
    • The law required Blacks to ride in the back of the bus
    • Rosa was removed from the bus and arrested
    • Dr. Martin Luther King organized a bus boycott
    • In Nov. 1956 Supreme Court ruled that segregation on public transportation was illegal
  • 9.
    • Believed in nonviolent resistance
    • Led protests to end segregation Birmingham Alabama
    • In 1963 led 250,000 on a march in Washington D.C. gave the “I have a Dream Speech”
  • 10.
    • Civil rights Act of 1964 made discrimination based on race, sex, or religion illegal
    • 24 th Amendment ended poll taxes in the South
    • Voting Rights Act of 1965 made it illegal to require a literacy test in order to vote
    • President Johnston created Affirmative action in 1965
    • Affirmative action requires colleges and businesses to set aside positions for minorities
    • Bakke v. University of California challenged affirmative action at colleges. Result schools can not use race as the only criteria for acceptance
  • 11.
    • Malcolm X was a strong leader for Civil Rights and believed Blacks should fight back when attacked
    • Other leaders stressed “Black Power” such as Black Panthers
    • Many Blacks were frustrated at the slow progress being made
    • This led to race riots in major cities
    • After Dr. King was assassinated riots spread to over 100 cities
    • By 1970 the Civil Rights movement had achieved many of its goals
  • 12.
    • Organized the United Farm Workers (UFW)
    • UFW organized strikes and boycotts to protest for, and later win, higher wages for those farm workers who were working on farms
    • César Chávez died on April 23, 1993