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9 Civil Rights Movement
9 Civil Rights Movement
9 Civil Rights Movement
9 Civil Rights Movement
9 Civil Rights Movement
9 Civil Rights Movement
9 Civil Rights Movement
9 Civil Rights Movement
9 Civil Rights Movement
9 Civil Rights Movement
9 Civil Rights Movement
9 Civil Rights Movement
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9 Civil Rights Movement

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Transcript

  • 1. Bell Work
    • What is McCarthyism?
    • Fear of a communist takeover
  • 2. Objective: Cover the development of the civil rights movement
  • 3.
    • After the Civil War enslaved Blacks were freed
    • The 13 th , 14 th , and 15 th Amendments freed slaves and gave them equal rights
    • After reconstruction the south enacts Jim Crow Laws to separate Whites and Blacks
    • 1896 Supreme Court Decision of Plessy v. Ferguson protected segregation by saying separate but equal was o.k.
  • 4.
    • Phillip Randolph organized a march on Washington
    • The purpose was to protest the exclusion of Blacks from well paying jobs in war industries
    • In response Franklin D. Roosevelt issued the Fair Employment Act and ended the discrimination
  • 5.
    • Civil rights movement began in the 1950’s
    • 1 st goal was to end segregation by calling for integration
    • 2 nd goal better economic opportunities for Blacks
  • 6.
    • In 1954 the Supreme Court ended segregation in schools
    • Linda Brown wanted to attend a white elementary school near her home
    • The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) took the case to the Supreme Court
    • Brown overturned Plessy v. Ferguson
    • But some state governments refused to follow Brown
  • 7.
    • Central High School in Little rock Arkansas becomes a battle ground for integration
    • Nine Black Students try to attend an all white high school
    • The governor refuses to integrate the school and sends guards to stop the students
    • President Eisenhower sends 1,000 soldiers to protect the Little Rock Nine
  • 8.
    • Dec. 1953 Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery bus
    • The law required Blacks to ride in the back of the bus
    • Rosa was removed from the bus and arrested
    • Dr. Martin Luther King organized a bus boycott
    • In Nov. 1956 Supreme Court ruled that segregation on public transportation was illegal
  • 9.
    • Believed in nonviolent resistance
    • Led protests to end segregation Birmingham Alabama
    • In 1963 led 250,000 on a march in Washington D.C. gave the “I have a Dream Speech”
  • 10.
    • Civil rights Act of 1964 made discrimination based on race, sex, or religion illegal
    • 24 th Amendment ended poll taxes in the South
    • Voting Rights Act of 1965 made it illegal to require a literacy test in order to vote
    • President Johnston created Affirmative action in 1965
    • Affirmative action requires colleges and businesses to set aside positions for minorities
    • Bakke v. University of California challenged affirmative action at colleges. Result schools can not use race as the only criteria for acceptance
  • 11.
    • Malcolm X was a strong leader for Civil Rights and believed Blacks should fight back when attacked
    • Other leaders stressed “Black Power” such as Black Panthers
    • Many Blacks were frustrated at the slow progress being made
    • This led to race riots in major cities
    • After Dr. King was assassinated riots spread to over 100 cities
    • By 1970 the Civil Rights movement had achieved many of its goals
  • 12.
    • Organized the United Farm Workers (UFW)
    • UFW organized strikes and boycotts to protest for, and later win, higher wages for those farm workers who were working on farms
    • César Chávez died on April 23, 1993

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