• Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads


Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. Progressive Reform Objective: Analyze the effect Progressivism had on American Life
  • 2. Cities Grow Larger
    • By 1900 half of the nation’s people lived in cities
    • Mass transit systems are developed
    • Crowding in cities leads to problems
    • Not enough clean water
    • Garbage, Rats and Diseases spread
    • Lack of police and fire protection
  • 3. Old Immigrants
    • Immigrants prior to 1880 called old immigrants
    • Came mostly from Northwestern Europe England, Scotland, Ireland, and Germany
    • Many knew how to read and write and speak English
    • Most were Protestant
  • 4. New Immigrants
    • Immigrants who arrive after 1880 were called new immigrants
    • Came mostly from Poland, Russia, Greece, Italy, and Austria-Hungary
    • Many could not read or write
    • Most were Catholics or Jews
  • 5. Immigrant Life in America
    • Most immigrants lived in large cities in ethnic neighborhoods were they helped each other
    • Chinese immigrants lived out west and worked on the Central Pacific Railroad
    • Immigrants faced prejudice because they took away jobs from Americans and worked for lower wages
  • 6. The Progressive Movement
    • Use writers called Muckrakers to educate the public on corruption in society
    • Upton Sinclair’s “The Jungle” exposed unsanitary conditions in the meat industry
    • Exposure forces Congress to action passing Pure Drug and Food Act and Meat Inspection Act
  • 7. The Progressive Movement
    • Lincoln Steffens book called “Shame of the Cities” exposed government corruption
    • Jacob Riis “ How the other half lives” Used photos to expose living conditions in tenements
  • 8. Causes leading to Labor Unions
    • Work Conditions were extremely poor and dangerous
    • Low Wages few earned more then 16 dollars a week
    • Long hours
    • By 1890 1/5 of children worked 14 hr days
  • 9. Reforms in Government
    • The Civil Service Act (Pendleton Act) requires people to take a test in order to get civil service job
    • William Tweed a corrupt political boss at Tammany Hall
    • Came to power by doing favors for people
    • Stole over 100 million Dollars
    • Thomas Nash drew political cartoons that exposed Tweed and resulted in Tweed being sent to jail
  • 10. Growth of Big Business
    • Oil, Steel, and Railroads become huge industries
    • Were called big business because they controlled many other smaller businesses
    • Try to establish a Monopoly or Trust
    • A monopoly controls an entire industry