8.1 Progressive Reform

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8.1 Progressive Reform

  1. 1. Progressive Reform Objective: Analyze the effect Progressivism had on American Life
  2. 2. Cities Grow Larger <ul><li>By 1900 half of the nation’s people lived in cities </li></ul><ul><li>Mass transit systems are developed </li></ul><ul><li>Crowding in cities leads to problems </li></ul><ul><li>Not enough clean water </li></ul><ul><li>Garbage, Rats and Diseases spread </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of police and fire protection </li></ul>
  3. 3. Old Immigrants <ul><li>Immigrants prior to 1880 called old immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Came mostly from Northwestern Europe England, Scotland, Ireland, and Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Many knew how to read and write and speak English </li></ul><ul><li>Most were Protestant </li></ul>
  4. 4. New Immigrants <ul><li>Immigrants who arrive after 1880 were called new immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Came mostly from Poland, Russia, Greece, Italy, and Austria-Hungary </li></ul><ul><li>Many could not read or write </li></ul><ul><li>Most were Catholics or Jews </li></ul>
  5. 5. Immigrant Life in America <ul><li>Most immigrants lived in large cities in ethnic neighborhoods were they helped each other </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese immigrants lived out west and worked on the Central Pacific Railroad </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrants faced prejudice because they took away jobs from Americans and worked for lower wages </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Progressive Movement <ul><li>Use writers called Muckrakers to educate the public on corruption in society </li></ul><ul><li>Upton Sinclair’s “The Jungle” exposed unsanitary conditions in the meat industry </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure forces Congress to action passing Pure Drug and Food Act and Meat Inspection Act </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Progressive Movement <ul><li>Lincoln Steffens book called “Shame of the Cities” exposed government corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Jacob Riis “ How the other half lives” Used photos to expose living conditions in tenements </li></ul>
  8. 8. Causes leading to Labor Unions <ul><li>Work Conditions were extremely poor and dangerous </li></ul><ul><li>Low Wages few earned more then 16 dollars a week </li></ul><ul><li>Long hours </li></ul><ul><li>By 1890 1/5 of children worked 14 hr days </li></ul>
  9. 9. Reforms in Government <ul><li>The Civil Service Act (Pendleton Act) requires people to take a test in order to get civil service job </li></ul><ul><li>William Tweed a corrupt political boss at Tammany Hall </li></ul><ul><li>Came to power by doing favors for people </li></ul><ul><li>Stole over 100 million Dollars </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Nash drew political cartoons that exposed Tweed and resulted in Tweed being sent to jail </li></ul>
  10. 10. Growth of Big Business <ul><li>Oil, Steel, and Railroads become huge industries </li></ul><ul><li>Were called big business because they controlled many other smaller businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Try to establish a Monopoly or Trust </li></ul><ul><li>A monopoly controls an entire industry </li></ul>

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