8.0 President And Executive Branch


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  • it is quite informative understanding the nature of Executive Branch of American Governmnent, however when we are comapring it with rest of the executive branches of other countries , it would bring more clearance about the subject!
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8.0 President And Executive Branch

  1. 1. The President and the Executive Branch Objective: What: Understand the role of the President in the U.S. Government
  2. 2. The Powers of the President <ul><li>Powers of the President are described in Article 2 there are six in total </li></ul><ul><li>1. Chief Executive </li></ul><ul><li>2. Commander and Chief of the military </li></ul><ul><li>3. Chief Diplomat- appoints ambassadors </li></ul><ul><li>4. Chief Lawmaker- suggest laws </li></ul><ul><li>5. Chief of State- he is the symbol of the nation </li></ul><ul><li>6. Party Chief- he leads his political party </li></ul>
  3. 3. Term and Salary <ul><li>Framers wanted the President to be paid a salary </li></ul><ul><li>Washington’s first salary was 20,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Congress decides the amount, which is currently 200,000 plus benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Washington started the tradition of 2 terms for President until FDR broke it by serving 4 terms </li></ul><ul><li>After FDR Congress passed the 22 nd Amendment limited the president to 2 terms </li></ul>
  4. 4. Presidential Qualifications <ul><li>Framers created the executive branch to carry out all laws written by Congress </li></ul><ul><li>To be President you must be 35 years old, be born in the U.S., and have lived here the last 14 years the same applies to the V.P. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Role of Vice President <ul><li>The Constitution gives the V.P. just two jobs </li></ul><ul><li>1. President of the Senate </li></ul><ul><li>2. To assume the office of the President when the President can’t do the job </li></ul><ul><li>Different presidents may give the V.P. additional duties </li></ul>
  6. 6. Electing the President <ul><li>The Electoral College is the method used to decide who will be the next president and vice-president </li></ul><ul><li>Voters don’t vote directly for the president </li></ul><ul><li>They are voting for their party’s electors in their state </li></ul><ul><li>To be president a candidate must win 270 of 538 votes in the Electoral College </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Electoral College <ul><li>The party whose candidate receives the largest popular vote in any state wins all the electoral votes of that state even if it is by just one popular vote. </li></ul><ul><li>However, the formal election by the electoral college isn’t conducted until mid-December and the results certified by congress until January 6th </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Inauguration <ul><li>Occurs on January 20 th the new president assumes office at noon </li></ul><ul><li>“ I do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the office of the President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States.” (“So help me God”) added by George Washington when he was sworn in. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Cabinet and the Executive Bureaucracy <ul><li>The President alone can not carry out the many responsibilities of his office </li></ul><ul><li>The role of the cabinet is to serve as a advisory body to the president </li></ul><ul><li>There are 15 cabinet positions the newest cabinet position was created after September 11, 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>The Department of Homeland Security </li></ul>