8 Executive Branch At Work

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  • 1. Executive Branch At Work Objective: What: Conduct a detailed analysis of the executive branch How: By guided note-taking via PowerPoint
  • 2. Organization of the Executive Branch
    • The President leads the nation’s largest branch of government
    • The Branch is divided into three parts: the Executive Office of the President, Executive Departments, and Independent Agencies
    • Approximately 3 million people work in the Executive Branch
  • 3. Organization of the Executive Branch
    • The White House Staff and several important councils form the Office of the President
    • 400 members work closely with the President
    • Made up of lawyers, expert advisors, and speech writers
    • The President's Chief of Staff manages the White House Staff
  • 4. Organization of the Executive Branch
    • The National Security Council advises the President on matters about national security and foreign relations
    • Office of Management and Budget helps the President plan the annual budget for the nation
  • 5. The Executive Departments
    • There are 15 departments in the Executive Branch
    • The President appoints a secretary to run each department. (Ex. Secretary of State is in charge of the State Dept.)
    • The President’s Cabinet is made up of all the secretaries he appoints. They advise him on issues before he makes a decision.
  • 6. The Executive Departments
    • Dept. of Agriculture
    • Dept. of Defense
    • Dept. of Education
    • Dept. of Energy
    • Dept. of Health and Human Services
    • Dept. of Housing and Urban Development
    • Dept. of Justice
    • Dept. of Interior
    • Dept. of Labor
    • Dept. of State
    • Dept. of Transportation
    • Dept. of Treasury
    • Dept. of Veteran Affairs
    • Dept. of Homeland Security
  • 7.
    • 1865 Congress created agency to stop counterfeit money
    • After President McKinley was assassinated in 1901, the Secret Service was assigned to protect the President
    • The Secret Service also protects the V.P. and the families of both the President and V.P. as well as visiting leaders from other countries
  • 8. Independent Agencies
    • NASA one of the largest agencies
    • CIA
    • Consumer Product Safety Commission
    • EPA-Environmental Protection Agency
    • FCC-Federal Communication Commission
    • Commission on Civil Rights
    • FDIC
    • Peace Corps
    • National Railroad Passenger Corp. (AmTrak)
  • 9. Civil Service and the Executive Branch
    • Leaders in the President’s Cabinet are replaced when a new President comes in
    • However the millions of other executive branch workers are not
    • They are Civil Service Workers hired by the Office of Personnel Management
    • These workers must pass various tests in order to be hired
  • 10.