Rise of Industrialism Objective: Analyze the emergence of big business in America
A New World of Manufacturing <ul><li>Between 1865 and 1900 the U.S. became an industrial giant </li></ul><ul><li>Manufactu...
Technology Boom <ul><li>Henry Bessemer discovers fast cheap way to turn iron into steel </li></ul><ul><li>Granville Woods ...
National Markets <ul><li>With railroads goods could be moved around the country, anytime of year, with increased on-time e...
Captains of Industry or Robber Barons <ul><li>Cornelius Vanderbilt – Railroads </li></ul><ul><li>Andrew Carnegie – Steel I...
Social Darwinism <ul><li>Rested on the theories of Charles Darwin </li></ul><ul><li>Natural selection is the idea only the...
Farmers Vs Railroads <ul><li>National Grange- formed by farmers to control railroad rates </li></ul><ul><li>Rail roads tak...
Populist Party Goals <ul><li>Was formed by farmers for farmers </li></ul><ul><li>It’s political agenda included: </li></ul...
Labor Unions <ul><li>Poor working conditions lead to Unions </li></ul><ul><li>First Union Knights of Labor 1869 first unio...
Early Strike Attempts <ul><li>Resulted in bombings, killings, pay cuts, and government support of big business </li></ul><...
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7.2&3 Rise Of Industrialism

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7.2&3 Rise Of Industrialism

  1. 1. Rise of Industrialism Objective: Analyze the emergence of big business in America
  2. 2. A New World of Manufacturing <ul><li>Between 1865 and 1900 the U.S. became an industrial giant </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing replaced agriculture as the main source of economic growth </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing lead to heavy industry consumer goods such as railroad tracks, steam engines, and farm tractors </li></ul>
  3. 3. Technology Boom <ul><li>Henry Bessemer discovers fast cheap way to turn iron into steel </li></ul><ul><li>Granville Woods invents way for trains to run electricity </li></ul><ul><li>Elijah McCoy invents lubricating cup </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Edison invents light bulb </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander Graham Bell invents telephone </li></ul>
  4. 4. National Markets <ul><li>With railroads goods could be moved around the country, anytime of year, with increased on-time efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>The combination of a industrial economy and a national transportation network created a new national market </li></ul><ul><li>National markets lead to consumerism and the birth of department stores </li></ul>
  5. 5. Captains of Industry or Robber Barons <ul><li>Cornelius Vanderbilt – Railroads </li></ul><ul><li>Andrew Carnegie – Steel Industry </li></ul><ul><li>John D. Rockefeller – Standard Oil </li></ul><ul><li>J.P. Morgan – American financier, banker </li></ul>
  6. 6. Social Darwinism <ul><li>Rested on the theories of Charles Darwin </li></ul><ul><li>Natural selection is the idea only the strong or fittest survive to carry on the species </li></ul><ul><li>Herbert Spencer applied this idea to human society </li></ul><ul><li>Business believe this theory justified competition and used it to justify aggressive practices </li></ul>
  7. 7. Farmers Vs Railroads <ul><li>National Grange- formed by farmers to control railroad rates </li></ul><ul><li>Rail roads take their case to the Supreme Court to stop the National Grange </li></ul><ul><li>Wabash vs. Illinois overturns Granger laws says only Congress can control rates </li></ul><ul><li>Congress passes the Interstate Commerce Act to control business between states </li></ul>
  8. 8. Populist Party Goals <ul><li>Was formed by farmers for farmers </li></ul><ul><li>It’s political agenda included: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Denouncing the ills of society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ending the gold standard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Representing agricultural Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted Income tax so rich could pay more taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted the direct election for the senate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted 8 hour work day </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Labor Unions <ul><li>Poor working conditions lead to Unions </li></ul><ul><li>First Union Knights of Labor 1869 first union to allow Blacks, and Women </li></ul><ul><li>American Federation of Labor (AFL) made up of several smaller unions </li></ul><ul><li>By 1904 AFL had over 1 million members </li></ul><ul><li>Goals of Unions: better pay, less hours, better work conditions </li></ul>
  10. 10. Early Strike Attempts <ul><li>Resulted in bombings, killings, pay cuts, and government support of big business </li></ul><ul><li>Haymarket Riot – bomb explodes killing 7 police officers; police respond by firing into the crowd killing 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Homestead Strike- 7 killed during fight with factory security </li></ul><ul><li>Pullman Strike- U.S. Army is used to break strike </li></ul>

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