7 How A Bill Becomes A Law


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7 How A Bill Becomes A Law

  1. 1. Objective: To understand the process different types of bills take to become laws in Congress How: By guided note-taking via PowerPoint
  2. 2. <ul><li>Thousands of bills are introduced during each term of Congress, but most of them never become laws </li></ul><ul><li>There are two types of bills, private bills deal with individual people or places and public bills deal with general matters and apply to the entire nation </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Resolutions deal with unusual or temporary matters </li></ul><ul><li>Simple Resolution covers matters affecting only one house of Congress and it is passed by that house only </li></ul><ul><li>Joint Resolutions involve both houses and must be signed by the President giving it the force of law </li></ul><ul><li>Concurrent Resolutions covers matters requiring the action of both houses but on which a law is not needed </li></ul><ul><li>Riders are provisions added to the bill that have nothing to do with the subject of the bill </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Only a Senator or Representative can introduce a new bill </li></ul><ul><li>Every bill must have three readings </li></ul><ul><li>The first reading the bill is introduced </li></ul><ul><li>It is given a number and a title and then sent to a committee for further study </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>First the committee studies the bill </li></ul><ul><li>They can kill the bill ( pigeonholing) or send it to a subcommittee for further study </li></ul><ul><li>If the bill is good the committee will hold hearings on the bill and listen to people interested in the bill </li></ul><ul><li>Next they can amend the bill during a markup session </li></ul><ul><li>Afterwards the committee votes to kill the bill or report it </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The bill is read aloud to the members of the House or Senate </li></ul><ul><li>Then members debate about the bill </li></ul><ul><li>Changes and amendments can be made during the debate </li></ul><ul><li>In the house there are strict rules to control the debate </li></ul><ul><li>Debates are timed and the Speaker of the House control the debate </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>The bill is printed and given a third reading </li></ul><ul><li>Only the title of the bill is read </li></ul><ul><li>The bell rings to call members to vote </li></ul><ul><li>A majority vote is needed to pass a bill </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>In order for a bill to become law an identical bill must be passed by both houses of Congress </li></ul><ul><li>After a bill is passed it is sent to the other house of Congress to go through the same process again </li></ul><ul><li>Both houses must pass the same version of the bill </li></ul><ul><li>A Conference Committee will make changes and then a final vote is held in both houses on the final version </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Once Congress is in agreement the bill is sent to the President </li></ul><ul><li>The President has four options </li></ul><ul><li>1. sign the bill into law </li></ul><ul><li>2. Can keep the bill for ten days and do nothing and it will become law </li></ul><ul><li>3. He can veto the bill and explain why </li></ul><ul><li>4. He can use a pocket veto; if Congress adjourns before the ten days are up and the President doesn’t sign, the bill dies </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Taxes are money that people and business pay to support the government </li></ul><ul><li>The House Ways and Means Committee decides whether to go along with tax cuts or increases </li></ul><ul><li>It also makes the tax laws and decides who pays and how much </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriation is when Congress authorizes spending on a program </li></ul>Charles Rangel
  11. 11. <ul><li>Is money that as been promised to be paid by a pervious Congress </li></ul><ul><li>About 70%of the(2.9 trillion) Federal Budget is spent on this (2.03 trillion) </li></ul><ul><li>Examples include Social Security, interest on the national debt, Medicare, disability, and welfare </li></ul><ul><li>These programs are also called entitlement programs </li></ul>