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7 How A Bill Becomes A Law
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7 How A Bill Becomes A Law

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7 How A Bill Becomes A Law 7 How A Bill Becomes A Law Presentation Transcript

  • Objective: To understand the process different types of bills take to become laws in Congress How: By guided note-taking via PowerPoint
    • Thousands of bills are introduced during each term of Congress, but most of them never become laws
    • There are two types of bills, private bills deal with individual people or places and public bills deal with general matters and apply to the entire nation
    • Resolutions deal with unusual or temporary matters
    • Simple Resolution covers matters affecting only one house of Congress and it is passed by that house only
    • Joint Resolutions involve both houses and must be signed by the President giving it the force of law
    • Concurrent Resolutions covers matters requiring the action of both houses but on which a law is not needed
    • Riders are provisions added to the bill that have nothing to do with the subject of the bill
    View slide
    • Only a Senator or Representative can introduce a new bill
    • Every bill must have three readings
    • The first reading the bill is introduced
    • It is given a number and a title and then sent to a committee for further study
    View slide
    • First the committee studies the bill
    • They can kill the bill ( pigeonholing) or send it to a subcommittee for further study
    • If the bill is good the committee will hold hearings on the bill and listen to people interested in the bill
    • Next they can amend the bill during a markup session
    • Afterwards the committee votes to kill the bill or report it
    • The bill is read aloud to the members of the House or Senate
    • Then members debate about the bill
    • Changes and amendments can be made during the debate
    • In the house there are strict rules to control the debate
    • Debates are timed and the Speaker of the House control the debate
    • The bill is printed and given a third reading
    • Only the title of the bill is read
    • The bell rings to call members to vote
    • A majority vote is needed to pass a bill
    • In order for a bill to become law an identical bill must be passed by both houses of Congress
    • After a bill is passed it is sent to the other house of Congress to go through the same process again
    • Both houses must pass the same version of the bill
    • A Conference Committee will make changes and then a final vote is held in both houses on the final version
    • Once Congress is in agreement the bill is sent to the President
    • The President has four options
    • 1. sign the bill into law
    • 2. Can keep the bill for ten days and do nothing and it will become law
    • 3. He can veto the bill and explain why
    • 4. He can use a pocket veto; if Congress adjourns before the ten days are up and the President doesn’t sign, the bill dies
    • Taxes are money that people and business pay to support the government
    • The House Ways and Means Committee decides whether to go along with tax cuts or increases
    • It also makes the tax laws and decides who pays and how much
    • Appropriation is when Congress authorizes spending on a program
    Charles Rangel
    • Is money that as been promised to be paid by a pervious Congress
    • About 70%of the(2.9 trillion) Federal Budget is spent on this (2.03 trillion)
    • Examples include Social Security, interest on the national debt, Medicare, disability, and welfare
    • These programs are also called entitlement programs