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6.1 Slavery And Politics
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6.1 Slavery And Politics

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6.1 Slavery And Politics 6.1 Slavery And Politics Presentation Transcript

  • Objective: Analyze the effect of slavery on politics during 19 th Century America
    • By the mid 1800’s the North and South had developed different political agendas based on their different economies
    • The North championed free labor the South championed slavery
    • Northern lawmakers in Congress attempted to pass laws to decide the slavery issue for the whole nation
    • This angered Southerners who viewed it as federal interference and an assault on States’ rights
    • Underground Railroad helped many slaves to escape
    • Nat Turner led a rebellion killing 60 whites but was hung
    • Harriet Tubman (the black Moses) escaped but returned 19 times to led many out of slavery
    • Jerry Loguen helped 1,500 slaves escape
    • Northern politicians opposed slavery for purely political reasons
    • Northerners were concerned about the balance of power in the Congress
    • Slavery almost tore the nation apart in 1820
    • Missouri wants to join the union as a slave state
    • This would end the balance of 11 free and 11 slave states in Congress
    • Henry Clay offers a compromise
    • Lets Missouri join as a slave state
    • If Maine could join as a free state
    • Line drawn from Missouri’s southern border across the west
    • Any states to the north are free
    • Any states to the south are slave
    • As people moved west slavery became an issue
    • California wanted to join the union as a free state
    • The south opposed it
    • Threaten to secede if slavery was not allowed in the west
    • Henry Clay writes a 4 part compromise
    • 1. California joins as a free state
    • 2. Popular sovereignty would decide if slavery is allowed in New Mexico or Utah territories
    • 3. Stricter Fugitive Slave Act would be passed
    • 4. Slaves no longer bought or sold in Washington D.C.
    • Senator Douglas writes Kansas-Nebraska Act in effect repeals Missouri Compromise
    • Popular sovereignty used to decide slave issue
    • Many people move to Kansas to influence vote
    • Fighting breaks out between the two sides
    • Over 200 killed, Kansas becomes free
    • Was a slave who lived in a free state with his master
    • Master moves to a slave state and then dies
    • Scott sues in court
    • Supreme Court said Scott is still a slave and is consider property
    • And 21 others attack a federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry Va.
    • His plan is to give the weapons to slaves to use against their owners
    • His plan fails and is hung
    • Becomes hero to many in the north
    • Convinces many southerners that the north wants to end slavery.