6.1 Slavery And Politics


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6.1 Slavery And Politics

  1. 1. Objective: Analyze the effect of slavery on politics during 19 th Century America
  2. 2. <ul><li>By the mid 1800’s the North and South had developed different political agendas based on their different economies </li></ul><ul><li>The North championed free labor the South championed slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Northern lawmakers in Congress attempted to pass laws to decide the slavery issue for the whole nation </li></ul><ul><li>This angered Southerners who viewed it as federal interference and an assault on States’ rights </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Underground Railroad helped many slaves to escape </li></ul><ul><li>Nat Turner led a rebellion killing 60 whites but was hung </li></ul><ul><li>Harriet Tubman (the black Moses) escaped but returned 19 times to led many out of slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Jerry Loguen helped 1,500 slaves escape </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Northern politicians opposed slavery for purely political reasons </li></ul><ul><li>Northerners were concerned about the balance of power in the Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery almost tore the nation apart in 1820 </li></ul><ul><li>Missouri wants to join the union as a slave state </li></ul><ul><li>This would end the balance of 11 free and 11 slave states in Congress </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Henry Clay offers a compromise </li></ul><ul><li>Lets Missouri join as a slave state </li></ul><ul><li>If Maine could join as a free state </li></ul><ul><li>Line drawn from Missouri’s southern border across the west </li></ul><ul><li>Any states to the north are free </li></ul><ul><li>Any states to the south are slave </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>As people moved west slavery became an issue </li></ul><ul><li>California wanted to join the union as a free state </li></ul><ul><li>The south opposed it </li></ul><ul><li>Threaten to secede if slavery was not allowed in the west </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Henry Clay writes a 4 part compromise </li></ul><ul><li>1. California joins as a free state </li></ul><ul><li>2. Popular sovereignty would decide if slavery is allowed in New Mexico or Utah territories </li></ul><ul><li>3. Stricter Fugitive Slave Act would be passed </li></ul><ul><li>4. Slaves no longer bought or sold in Washington D.C. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Senator Douglas writes Kansas-Nebraska Act in effect repeals Missouri Compromise </li></ul><ul><li>Popular sovereignty used to decide slave issue </li></ul><ul><li>Many people move to Kansas to influence vote </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting breaks out between the two sides </li></ul><ul><li>Over 200 killed, Kansas becomes free </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Was a slave who lived in a free state with his master </li></ul><ul><li>Master moves to a slave state and then dies </li></ul><ul><li>Scott sues in court </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Court said Scott is still a slave and is consider property </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>And 21 others attack a federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry Va. </li></ul><ul><li>His plan is to give the weapons to slaves to use against their owners </li></ul><ul><li>His plan fails and is hung </li></ul><ul><li>Becomes hero to many in the north </li></ul><ul><li>Convinces many southerners that the north wants to end slavery. </li></ul>