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4.2 A New Nation
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4.2 A New Nation

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  • 1. A New Nation Objective: Analyze the establishment of the new American nation by guided note-taking via PowerPoint
  • 2. Articles of Confederation
    • Establish the Federal Government in the form of a one-house legislature
    • Modeled after Iroquois’s League of Nations
    • United the colonies under one government
    • Many American’s believed this would avoid the evil’s of a strong central government
  • 3. Problems with the Article of Confederation
    • Weak central government
    • Could not collect taxes
    • Had no army
    • Did not have a central currency (one type of money)
    • Could not regulate trade or enforce it’s own laws
    • It gave too much power to State governments
  • 4. Shays Rebellion 1786
    • Poor farmers couldn’t repay loans
    • Daniel Shays led an army of angry farmers
    • Burn down courthouses
    • Private business had to hire soldiers to end the rebellion
    • Show the nation a stronger government was needed
  • 5. Ideas of John Locke
    • John Locke an English philosopher deeply influenced the American colonists
    • Franklin, Jefferson, and Madison regarded his ideas as political truth
    • Locke believed all people possessed natural rights to life, liberty, and property before the existence of government
  • 6. Constitutional Convention
    • 55 men meet in Philadelphia to reshape the Articles
    • The new government would have three separate but equal branches
    • Legislative (Pass laws), Executive (Enforce laws), Judicial (Interpret laws)
    • The responsibilities of the branches would over lap and interlock creating a system of checks and balances
  • 7. Constitutional Convention
    • Key agreement Powers would be delegated to the Federal Government
    • Key disagreement over representation
    • Great Compromise- In the senate each state gets two reps per state
    • In the House of Representatives reps would be based on population
  • 8. Constitutional Convention
    • Three-Fifths Compromise- dealt with how to count slaves for representatives
    • It was decided that 3/5 of the enslaved people were to be counted for both taxes and representation in each state
  • 9. Ratifying the Constitution
    • Federalists verses Anti-Federalists
    • Federalists believed in a strong central government
    • Anti-Federalists believed in a weak central government and also want a Bill of Rights included to safe guard peoples rights
  • 10. Ratifying the Constitution
    • After the Federalist promised to include a Bill of Rights it was quickly ratified
    • In 1791 James Madison introduced a bill containing 12 amendments
    • Ten of the amendments would be added and become the Bill of Rights
    • 1 st Amendment contains freedom of religion, assembly, press, petition, and speech

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