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4.2 A New Nation
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4.2 A New Nation

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    4.2 A New Nation 4.2 A New Nation Presentation Transcript

    • A New Nation Objective: Analyze the establishment of the new American nation by guided note-taking via PowerPoint
    • Articles of Confederation
      • Establish the Federal Government in the form of a one-house legislature
      • Modeled after Iroquois’s League of Nations
      • United the colonies under one government
      • Many American’s believed this would avoid the evil’s of a strong central government
    • Problems with the Article of Confederation
      • Weak central government
      • Could not collect taxes
      • Had no army
      • Did not have a central currency (one type of money)
      • Could not regulate trade or enforce it’s own laws
      • It gave too much power to State governments
    • Shays Rebellion 1786
      • Poor farmers couldn’t repay loans
      • Daniel Shays led an army of angry farmers
      • Burn down courthouses
      • Private business had to hire soldiers to end the rebellion
      • Show the nation a stronger government was needed
    • Ideas of John Locke
      • John Locke an English philosopher deeply influenced the American colonists
      • Franklin, Jefferson, and Madison regarded his ideas as political truth
      • Locke believed all people possessed natural rights to life, liberty, and property before the existence of government
    • Constitutional Convention
      • 55 men meet in Philadelphia to reshape the Articles
      • The new government would have three separate but equal branches
      • Legislative (Pass laws), Executive (Enforce laws), Judicial (Interpret laws)
      • The responsibilities of the branches would over lap and interlock creating a system of checks and balances
    • Constitutional Convention
      • Key agreement Powers would be delegated to the Federal Government
      • Key disagreement over representation
      • Great Compromise- In the senate each state gets two reps per state
      • In the House of Representatives reps would be based on population
    • Constitutional Convention
      • Three-Fifths Compromise- dealt with how to count slaves for representatives
      • It was decided that 3/5 of the enslaved people were to be counted for both taxes and representation in each state
    • Ratifying the Constitution
      • Federalists verses Anti-Federalists
      • Federalists believed in a strong central government
      • Anti-Federalists believed in a weak central government and also want a Bill of Rights included to safe guard peoples rights
    • Ratifying the Constitution
      • After the Federalist promised to include a Bill of Rights it was quickly ratified
      • In 1791 James Madison introduced a bill containing 12 amendments
      • Ten of the amendments would be added and become the Bill of Rights
      • 1 st Amendment contains freedom of religion, assembly, press, petition, and speech