Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
4.2 A New Nation
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

4.2 A New Nation


Published on

Published in: Education, Sports

1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. A New Nation Objective: Analyze the establishment of the new American nation by guided note-taking via PowerPoint
  • 2. Articles of Confederation
    • Establish the Federal Government in the form of a one-house legislature
    • Modeled after Iroquois’s League of Nations
    • United the colonies under one government
    • Many American’s believed this would avoid the evil’s of a strong central government
  • 3. Problems with the Article of Confederation
    • Weak central government
    • Could not collect taxes
    • Had no army
    • Did not have a central currency (one type of money)
    • Could not regulate trade or enforce it’s own laws
    • It gave too much power to State governments
  • 4. Shays Rebellion 1786
    • Poor farmers couldn’t repay loans
    • Daniel Shays led an army of angry farmers
    • Burn down courthouses
    • Private business had to hire soldiers to end the rebellion
    • Show the nation a stronger government was needed
  • 5. Ideas of John Locke
    • John Locke an English philosopher deeply influenced the American colonists
    • Franklin, Jefferson, and Madison regarded his ideas as political truth
    • Locke believed all people possessed natural rights to life, liberty, and property before the existence of government
  • 6. Constitutional Convention
    • 55 men meet in Philadelphia to reshape the Articles
    • The new government would have three separate but equal branches
    • Legislative (Pass laws), Executive (Enforce laws), Judicial (Interpret laws)
    • The responsibilities of the branches would over lap and interlock creating a system of checks and balances
  • 7. Constitutional Convention
    • Key agreement Powers would be delegated to the Federal Government
    • Key disagreement over representation
    • Great Compromise- In the senate each state gets two reps per state
    • In the House of Representatives reps would be based on population
  • 8. Constitutional Convention
    • Three-Fifths Compromise- dealt with how to count slaves for representatives
    • It was decided that 3/5 of the enslaved people were to be counted for both taxes and representation in each state
  • 9. Ratifying the Constitution
    • Federalists verses Anti-Federalists
    • Federalists believed in a strong central government
    • Anti-Federalists believed in a weak central government and also want a Bill of Rights included to safe guard peoples rights
  • 10. Ratifying the Constitution
    • After the Federalist promised to include a Bill of Rights it was quickly ratified
    • In 1791 James Madison introduced a bill containing 12 amendments
    • Ten of the amendments would be added and become the Bill of Rights
    • 1 st Amendment contains freedom of religion, assembly, press, petition, and speech