4.2 A New Nation

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4.2 A New Nation

  1. 1. A New Nation Objective: Analyze the establishment of the new American nation by guided note-taking via PowerPoint
  2. 2. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Establish the Federal Government in the form of a one-house legislature </li></ul><ul><li>Modeled after Iroquois’s League of Nations </li></ul><ul><li>United the colonies under one government </li></ul><ul><li>Many American’s believed this would avoid the evil’s of a strong central government </li></ul>
  3. 3. Problems with the Article of Confederation <ul><li>Weak central government </li></ul><ul><li>Could not collect taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Had no army </li></ul><ul><li>Did not have a central currency (one type of money) </li></ul><ul><li>Could not regulate trade or enforce it’s own laws </li></ul><ul><li>It gave too much power to State governments </li></ul>
  4. 4. Shays Rebellion 1786 <ul><li>Poor farmers couldn’t repay loans </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel Shays led an army of angry farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Burn down courthouses </li></ul><ul><li>Private business had to hire soldiers to end the rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>Show the nation a stronger government was needed </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ideas of John Locke <ul><li>John Locke an English philosopher deeply influenced the American colonists </li></ul><ul><li>Franklin, Jefferson, and Madison regarded his ideas as political truth </li></ul><ul><li>Locke believed all people possessed natural rights to life, liberty, and property before the existence of government </li></ul>
  6. 6. Constitutional Convention <ul><li>55 men meet in Philadelphia to reshape the Articles </li></ul><ul><li>The new government would have three separate but equal branches </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative (Pass laws), Executive (Enforce laws), Judicial (Interpret laws) </li></ul><ul><li>The responsibilities of the branches would over lap and interlock creating a system of checks and balances </li></ul>
  7. 7. Constitutional Convention <ul><li>Key agreement Powers would be delegated to the Federal Government </li></ul><ul><li>Key disagreement over representation </li></ul><ul><li>Great Compromise- In the senate each state gets two reps per state </li></ul><ul><li>In the House of Representatives reps would be based on population </li></ul>
  8. 8. Constitutional Convention <ul><li>Three-Fifths Compromise- dealt with how to count slaves for representatives </li></ul><ul><li>It was decided that 3/5 of the enslaved people were to be counted for both taxes and representation in each state </li></ul>
  9. 9. Ratifying the Constitution <ul><li>Federalists verses Anti-Federalists </li></ul><ul><li>Federalists believed in a strong central government </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Federalists believed in a weak central government and also want a Bill of Rights included to safe guard peoples rights </li></ul>
  10. 10. Ratifying the Constitution <ul><li>After the Federalist promised to include a Bill of Rights it was quickly ratified </li></ul><ul><li>In 1791 James Madison introduced a bill containing 12 amendments </li></ul><ul><li>Ten of the amendments would be added and become the Bill of Rights </li></ul><ul><li>1 st Amendment contains freedom of religion, assembly, press, petition, and speech </li></ul>

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