4 The Federal System

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4 The Federal System

  1. 1. Objective: To cover the structure of the Federal system of government by guided note-taking via PowerPoint
  2. 2. National and State Powers <ul><li>The Constitution divided government authority by giving the national government certain specified powers, reserving all other powers to the state or to the people </li></ul>
  3. 3. National Powers <ul><li>Three types of powers </li></ul><ul><li>Expressed powers: are powers directly stated in the Constitution (ex. to declare war) </li></ul><ul><li>Implied powers: are powers needed to carry out expressed powers (ex. draft men into the service) </li></ul><ul><li>Inherent powers: are powers the government has because it’s the government (ex. diplomatic relations) </li></ul>
  4. 4. State Powers <ul><li>State powers are called reserved powers </li></ul><ul><li>States may exercise any power not delegated to the national government, reserved to the people, or denied by the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>As a result states regulate, public schools, local governments, and licenses for certain professions </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Supremacy Clause <ul><li>Article Six of the U.S. Constitution establishes the Constitution as the supreme law of the land </li></ul><ul><li>No national or state law or state constitution may conflict with the U.S. Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Because local governments are established by the states they too are bound by Article Six </li></ul>
  6. 6. Division of Federal and State Powers
  7. 7. Guarantees to the States <ul><li>The Constitution obliges the national government to do three things for the states </li></ul><ul><li>Each must have a republican form of government </li></ul><ul><li>Must protect states from invasion and domestic violence (riots) </li></ul><ul><li>Must respect the territorial integrity of each state </li></ul>
  8. 8. Relations Among the States <ul><li>Article IV requires all states to do the following </li></ul><ul><li>Give full faith and credit to every other state (states must recognize the laws and legal proceedings of other states) </li></ul><ul><li>Give one another’s citizens all the privileges and immunities of their own citizens ( Don’t discriminate because they are from a different state) </li></ul><ul><li>Extradition: return criminals who flee to escape justice </li></ul>

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