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4 The Federal System
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4 The Federal System

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4 The Federal System 4 The Federal System Presentation Transcript

  • Objective: To cover the structure of the Federal system of government by guided note-taking via PowerPoint
  • National and State Powers
    • The Constitution divided government authority by giving the national government certain specified powers, reserving all other powers to the state or to the people
  • National Powers
    • Three types of powers
    • Expressed powers: are powers directly stated in the Constitution (ex. to declare war)
    • Implied powers: are powers needed to carry out expressed powers (ex. draft men into the service)
    • Inherent powers: are powers the government has because it’s the government (ex. diplomatic relations)
  • State Powers
    • State powers are called reserved powers
    • States may exercise any power not delegated to the national government, reserved to the people, or denied by the Constitution
    • As a result states regulate, public schools, local governments, and licenses for certain professions
  • The Supremacy Clause
    • Article Six of the U.S. Constitution establishes the Constitution as the supreme law of the land
    • No national or state law or state constitution may conflict with the U.S. Constitution
    • Because local governments are established by the states they too are bound by Article Six
  • Division of Federal and State Powers
  • Guarantees to the States
    • The Constitution obliges the national government to do three things for the states
    • Each must have a republican form of government
    • Must protect states from invasion and domestic violence (riots)
    • Must respect the territorial integrity of each state
  • Relations Among the States
    • Article IV requires all states to do the following
    • Give full faith and credit to every other state (states must recognize the laws and legal proceedings of other states)
    • Give one another’s citizens all the privileges and immunities of their own citizens ( Don’t discriminate because they are from a different state)
    • Extradition: return criminals who flee to escape justice