3.4 The Bill Of Rights And Other Amendments
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3.4 The Bill Of Rights And Other Amendments

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3.4 The Bill Of Rights And Other Amendments 3.4 The Bill Of Rights And Other Amendments Presentation Transcript

  • Bill of Rights and other Amendments Objective: What: Understand the events that led to the establishment of the Bill of Rights How: By guided note-taking via PowerPoint
  • Adding the Bill of Rights
    • Some people were upset that the Constitution didn’t include a Bill of Rights
    • They felt the Constitution didn’t guarantee Americans their rights
    • Framers promised to add the Bill of Rights so the states would ratify the Constitution
  • Adding the Bill of Rights
    • The Bill of rights was first proposed during the first meeting of Congress in 1789
    • By 1791 ten states had ratified the Bill of Rights
    • The Bill of Rights outlined exactly what rights people have
  • Framers and the Bill of Rights
    • Framers had three goals as they wrote the Bill of Rights
    • 1. To protect the freedom of each person
    • 2. To prevent abuse of power by the government
    • 3. To protect people who are accused of crimes
  • The Five Freedoms of the 1 st Amendment
    • Freedom of Religion- has two parts the establishment clause and the free exercise clause
    • Freedom of Speech (has limits!)
    • Freedom of the Press
    • Freedom of Peaceful Assembly
    • Freedom to Petition the government
  • 2 nd Amendment
    • The Right to Bear Arms
    • A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed
    • Heller vs. DC Supreme Court Case
    • The Supreme Court said that the Second Amendment protects a pre-existing, private, individually-held right, to keep arms and to bear arms, without regard to a person’s relationship to a militia.
  • 4 th Amendment
    • Search and Arrest
    • Protects against unreasonable search
    • No warrants issued except upon probable cause
    • Support by oath that includes a description of the place and items to be seized
  • Fifth and Sixth Amendment
    • Protects people who are accused of a crime
    • Cannot force people to testify against themselves
    • Due Process- Government must treat people fairly
    • Double Jeopardy- Can’t be tried twice for the same crime
    • Right to a fair and speedy trial
  • 13 th ,14 th ,and 15 th Amendments
    • Were passed to end slavery and give the right to vote to African Americans
    • 13 th ended slavery
    • 14 th all people born here are citizens and all people are equal under the law
    • 15 th gave African Americans the right to vote
  • Other Amendment
    • 19 th Gave women the right to vote in 1920
    • 22 nd limited the number of terms a person can be President (1951)
    • 26 th lowered the age to vote from 21 to 18 (1971)