3.0 The Constitution


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3.0 The Constitution

  1. 1. The Constitution Objective: Analyze the structure and principles of the U.S. Constitution by guided note-taking via PowerPoint
  2. 2. Structure <ul><li>The Constitution is simple and brief </li></ul><ul><li>The Founders wisely left it to future generations to work out the details </li></ul><ul><li>The Constitution is 7,000 words long and is divided into three parts the Preamble, the articles, and the amendments </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Preamble <ul><li>The Preamble or introduction, states why the Constitution was written. </li></ul><ul><li>Preamble tells us the goals of the Constitution; Justice, Peace, Safety, and Liberty </li></ul><ul><li>“establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty” </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Articles <ul><li>Article 1 – establishes the legislature (Congress) and how it should work </li></ul><ul><li>Article 2- establishes the powers of the executive branch (President) </li></ul><ul><li>Article 3- establishes the judicial branch (Supreme Court) </li></ul><ul><li>Article 4- explains how states must work together </li></ul><ul><li>Article 5 – explains how Amendments can be added to the Constitution </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Articles <ul><li>Article 6- is the Supremacy Clause, it establishes the Constitution as the supreme law of the land </li></ul><ul><li>Article 7- Explains how the Constitution must be ratified </li></ul>
  6. 6. Six Major Principals <ul><li>1. The Constitution would protect the natural rights of people </li></ul><ul><li>2. Limited government </li></ul><ul><li>3. Popular Sovereignty- rule by the people </li></ul><ul><li>4. Separation of powers- each branch has its own responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>5. Checks and Balances- each branch exercises some control over the others </li></ul><ul><li>6. Federalism- power is divided between the national and state governments </li></ul>
  7. 7. Legislative Branch Specific Powers <ul><li>1. Borrow money- By selling bonds or certificates </li></ul><ul><li>2. Establish courts- Establishes all federal courts below the Supreme court </li></ul><ul><li>3. Coin money- Makes laws to print money </li></ul><ul><li>4. War powers- To declare war </li></ul><ul><li>5. Commerce- Controls all business between states and other nations </li></ul><ul><li>6. Foreign relations- Approve or disapprove treaties </li></ul><ul><li>7. Other powers- Establish post offices, control immigration, etc…. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Executive Branch Specific Powers <ul><li>1. Commander and Chief of the military </li></ul><ul><li>2. Appoints heads of executive departments </li></ul><ul><li>3. Pardons people for criminal offenses </li></ul><ul><li>4. Makes treaties with foreign countries </li></ul><ul><li>5. Appoints ambassadors </li></ul><ul><li>6. Delivers State of the Union address </li></ul><ul><li>7. Can call Congress into special session </li></ul><ul><li>8. Meets with heads of state and ambassadors </li></ul><ul><li>9. Commissions all military officers </li></ul><ul><li>10. Ensures the laws of Congress are faithfully executed </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Judicial Branch <ul><li>Article III establishes the U.S. Supreme Court all other courts are left for Congress to create </li></ul><ul><li>Marbury Vs. Madison gave the Supreme Court the power of judicial review </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial Review is the ability to declare laws or actions unconstitutional </li></ul>
  10. 10. Amendment Process <ul><li>Article V outlines how and Amendment can be added to the U.S. Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>1. amendment can be proposed by 2/3’s vote by both houses of Congress or a constitutional convention called by Congress on petition by 2/3’s (33)of the states </li></ul><ul><li>2. An amendment can be ratified by ¾’s(38) of the state legislatures or ¾’s of special convention called by the fifty states </li></ul>