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24 The Nixon And Carter Administrations
24 The Nixon And Carter Administrations
24 The Nixon And Carter Administrations
24 The Nixon And Carter Administrations
24 The Nixon And Carter Administrations
24 The Nixon And Carter Administrations
24 The Nixon And Carter Administrations
24 The Nixon And Carter Administrations
24 The Nixon And Carter Administrations
24 The Nixon And Carter Administrations
24 The Nixon And Carter Administrations
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24 The Nixon And Carter Administrations

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  • 1. The Nixon and Carter Administrations Objective: Analyze the presidency and domestic policies of Nixon and Carter
  • 2. Nixon Domestic Policy <ul><li>Nixon planned to help local government with revenue sharing or the return of federal tax money to local governments </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon worked to expand police powers and wiretaps. He also orders the IRS to audit his enemies </li></ul>
  • 3. Nixon Foreign Policy <ul><li>Nixon secretly sent Henry Kissinger to Communist China to establish better relations </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon would travel to the Soviet Union to improve relations himself </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon abandoned the Cold War policy of confrontation in favor of Détente or improved relations with Communist powers </li></ul>
  • 4. Nixon Foreign Policy <ul><li>With improve relations the Soviet Union agrees to SALT (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks) and lays the groundwork for SALT II </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon used the Yom Kippur War as an opportunity to play peace maker in the Middle East </li></ul>
  • 5. Watergate Crisis <ul><li>Nixon faced impeachment over Watergate </li></ul><ul><li>Watergate was the result of a massive campaign of political spying and sabotage conducted on behalf of President Nixon </li></ul><ul><li>John Dean advised Nixon to stop payments to burglars </li></ul><ul><li>After secret tapes exposed Nixon's involvement Nixon resigns and Ford takes charge </li></ul>
  • 6. Ford as President <ul><li>Ford’s presidency was complicated by a series of issues </li></ul><ul><li>After Ford pardons Nixon over Watergate he becomes very unpopular </li></ul><ul><li>Stagflation- A combination of low productivity and high inflation </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Crisis created by OPEC’s embargo of oil imposed on the U.S. </li></ul>
  • 7. Carter as President <ul><li>Despite Ford’s best efforts he was replaced by Carter as president in 1976 </li></ul><ul><li>Carter tries to combat Stagflation and is hit with another energy crisis as OPEC raises prices </li></ul><ul><li>Despite Carter’s best efforts the economy continues to suffer </li></ul>
  • 8. Carter’s Foreign Policy <ul><li>Carter consider himself a champion of human rights </li></ul><ul><li>As a reaction to Soviet invasion of Afghanistan he stopped shipments of wheat to U.S.S.R. </li></ul><ul><li>Also boycotted the Olympics in Moscow </li></ul>
  • 9. Camp David Accords <ul><li>Jimmy Carter negotiates peace between Israel and Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>This ends thirty years of war </li></ul><ul><li>1981 Sadat is assassinated for signing the peace treaty </li></ul>
  • 10. Iran Hostage Crisis <ul><li>Most difficult problem Carter faced </li></ul><ul><li>Carter failed to back the Shah </li></ul><ul><li>Shah is ousted by Khomeini </li></ul><ul><li>Iranian students take over Embassy and takes American hostages </li></ul>
  • 11. Review <ul><li>Nixon was forced to resign because of ….. </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Watergate Scandal </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon was pardon by whom? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. President Ford </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon’s idea to help local governments was called? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Revenue sharing </li></ul><ul><li>What did John Dean tell Nixon to do? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Stop hush money payments to the burglars </li></ul>

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