23 Vietnam


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23 Vietnam

  1. 2. <ul><li>A ruthless communist revolutionary </li></ul><ul><li>Founded Vietminh in 1941 to drive the French from Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Primary goals are extensive land reform and the creation of an independent, unified, and communist Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>In 1946 French and Vietminh forces clash as war breaks out </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>French ask U.S. for help </li></ul><ul><li>Truman didn’t want to support France’s colonial ambitions </li></ul><ul><li>However the U.S. didn’t want to lose France’s support in the Cold War against the Soviets </li></ul><ul><li>Truman follows the Containment Doctrine and sends 20 million in aid to the French to fight communism </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>After France loses the war </li></ul><ul><li>The peace agreement states the country would be divided until national elections could be held </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. refused to sign the agreement because a communist victory seemed likely </li></ul><ul><li>Eisenhower puts forth the Domino Theory </li></ul><ul><li>It states: “if one country falls to communism then the next country will fall too” </li></ul><ul><li>He also sends more money and weapons to South Vietnam </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Ngo Dinh Diem raises to power in the south and is very anti-communist </li></ul><ul><li>Diem remains aloof and neglects the needs of the peasants and grows the military </li></ul><ul><li>This provides fertile ground for the communist to recruit and spread their message </li></ul><ul><li>Diem’s failure to hold elections makes him very unpopular </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Continues Eisenhower’s policy and sends more money and weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Kennedy also sends Military Advisors (Green Berets) </li></ul><ul><li>Nov. 1963 JFK is assassinated </li></ul><ul><li>JFK is replaced by Vice President Johnston as President </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>1963-64 North Vietnam sends regular troops to the south to reinforce the Viet Cong and to win control </li></ul><ul><li>LBJ is worried communist will win and begins to expand the war effort </li></ul><ul><li>By 1964 ¾ of the country under the control of the Viet Cong </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>America destroyer on electronic intelligence mission in Gulf of Tonkin </li></ul><ul><li>The ship is attacked by three NVA boats </li></ul><ul><li>Gulf of Tonkin Resolution gave the President the power to take all necessary military action against North Vietnam </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Escalates war by authorizing bombing of the North </li></ul><ul><li>Sends in 200,000 regular America Troops in 1965 </li></ul><ul><li>500,000 by 1968 </li></ul><ul><li>Remembered as the President that expanded the war the most </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Tet is a Lunar new year </li></ul><ul><li>Gen. Westmoreland said they had the Viet cong on the run and then…. </li></ul><ul><li>Nationwide attacks on all major cities and military bases by Viet Cong </li></ul><ul><li>This attack seem to make the General a lair </li></ul><ul><li>Tet offensive broke the American people’s will to fight </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Who is Ho Chi Minh? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communist leader of the north </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is the Truman Doctrine? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do stop the spread of communism by containment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is the Domino Theory? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If one country falls to communist so will the next </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What did the Tonkin Resolution accomplish? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resolution passed by Congress that gave the president all the power he needed to fight the war </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Which president sent military advisors to Vietnam? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kennedy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Which President greatly expanded the war? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Johnson </li></ul></ul>