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23 Vietnam
 

23 Vietnam

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    23 Vietnam 23 Vietnam Presentation Transcript

    •  
      • A ruthless communist revolutionary
      • Founded Vietminh in 1941 to drive the French from Vietnam
      • Primary goals are extensive land reform and the creation of an independent, unified, and communist Vietnam
      • In 1946 French and Vietminh forces clash as war breaks out
      • French ask U.S. for help
      • Truman didn’t want to support France’s colonial ambitions
      • However the U.S. didn’t want to lose France’s support in the Cold War against the Soviets
      • Truman follows the Containment Doctrine and sends 20 million in aid to the French to fight communism
      • After France loses the war
      • The peace agreement states the country would be divided until national elections could be held
      • The U.S. refused to sign the agreement because a communist victory seemed likely
      • Eisenhower puts forth the Domino Theory
      • It states: “if one country falls to communism then the next country will fall too”
      • He also sends more money and weapons to South Vietnam
      • Ngo Dinh Diem raises to power in the south and is very anti-communist
      • Diem remains aloof and neglects the needs of the peasants and grows the military
      • This provides fertile ground for the communist to recruit and spread their message
      • Diem’s failure to hold elections makes him very unpopular
      • Continues Eisenhower’s policy and sends more money and weapons
      • Kennedy also sends Military Advisors (Green Berets)
      • Nov. 1963 JFK is assassinated
      • JFK is replaced by Vice President Johnston as President
      • 1963-64 North Vietnam sends regular troops to the south to reinforce the Viet Cong and to win control
      • LBJ is worried communist will win and begins to expand the war effort
      • By 1964 ¾ of the country under the control of the Viet Cong
      • America destroyer on electronic intelligence mission in Gulf of Tonkin
      • The ship is attacked by three NVA boats
      • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution gave the President the power to take all necessary military action against North Vietnam
      • Escalates war by authorizing bombing of the North
      • Sends in 200,000 regular America Troops in 1965
      • 500,000 by 1968
      • Remembered as the President that expanded the war the most
      • Tet is a Lunar new year
      • Gen. Westmoreland said they had the Viet cong on the run and then….
      • Nationwide attacks on all major cities and military bases by Viet Cong
      • This attack seem to make the General a lair
      • Tet offensive broke the American people’s will to fight
      • Who is Ho Chi Minh?
        • Communist leader of the north
      • What is the Truman Doctrine?
        • Do stop the spread of communism by containment
      • What is the Domino Theory?
        • If one country falls to communist so will the next
      • What did the Tonkin Resolution accomplish?
        • Resolution passed by Congress that gave the president all the power he needed to fight the war
      • Which president sent military advisors to Vietnam?
        • Kennedy
      • Which President greatly expanded the war?
        • Johnson