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23 State Governments
23 State Governments
23 State Governments
23 State Governments
23 State Governments
23 State Governments
23 State Governments
23 State Governments
23 State Governments
23 State Governments
23 State Governments
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23 State Governments

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  • 1. Objective: Understand the role of state government in the daily lives of its citizens How: By guided note-taking via PowerPoint
  • 2.
    • States have the power to establish local governments
    • They can create public schools, state courts, and pass laws to collect taxes
    • States have the power to promote the health, safety, and well-being of the people
    • States can not print their own money, go to war, or make foreign treaties
    • States can not tax goods sent from one state to another
  • 3.
    • Creates the structure of state government
    • Establishes the different types of local governments
    • Regulates the way state and local governments can raise and spend money
    • The state constitution is the supreme law of the state
  • 4.
    • State constitutions are similar to the U.S. Constitution in six ways
    • 1. each creates a limited government
    • 2. there is a separation of power into three branches
    • 3. each has checks and balances
    • 4. each has a bill of rights
    • 5. all states have a way of adding amendments
    • 6. all constitutions believe in popular sovereignty
    • The power of government comes from the people
  • 5.
    • The U.S. Constitution has fewer then 10,000 words
    • While most states constitutions are far longer
    • State constitutions are less flexible because they are written with many rules and details
    • Only 19 states have their original constitutions
    • The U.S. Constitution has 27 Amendments however, most states have far more
  • 6.
    • Every state but Nebraska has a two-house legislature where laws are made
    • Every state is apportioned into districts to ensure equal representation
    • Most state legislatures follow the same steps to pass state laws
  • 7.
    • After bills are passed they often go to the governor to be signed into law or vetoed
    • North Carolina is the only state where the governor can not veto a bill
  • 8.
    • Governors lead the executive branch in every state
    • Governors prepare state budgets they can call up the state’s National Guard for state emergencies
    • Some Governors have legislative and judicial powers
    • They can propose bills, veto laws, pardon criminals, and appoint judges
  • 9.
    • Governors are also the chief of their party
    • As well as the chief of the state
    • Most governors are college graduates
    • More than half are lawyers
    • 13 governors have been women
    • In our history 16 governors have become President
  • 10.
    • In general there are three kinds of state courts
    • Trail courts hear evidence in criminal cases and civil cases
    • Court of Appeals decide if trail courts followed due process in criminal proceedings
    • State supreme court is the highest court in the state
    • All decisions are final unless it has something to do with the U.S. Constitution
  • 11.
    • Unlike federal judges, most state judges are elected by voters
    • ¼ of state judges are appoint by state governors
    • Finally some are appointed by state legislatures

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