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23 State Governments
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23 State Governments

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  • 1. Objective: Understand the role of state government in the daily lives of its citizens How: By guided note-taking via PowerPoint
  • 2.
    • States have the power to establish local governments
    • They can create public schools, state courts, and pass laws to collect taxes
    • States have the power to promote the health, safety, and well-being of the people
    • States can not print their own money, go to war, or make foreign treaties
    • States can not tax goods sent from one state to another
  • 3.
    • Creates the structure of state government
    • Establishes the different types of local governments
    • Regulates the way state and local governments can raise and spend money
    • The state constitution is the supreme law of the state
  • 4.
    • State constitutions are similar to the U.S. Constitution in six ways
    • 1. each creates a limited government
    • 2. there is a separation of power into three branches
    • 3. each has checks and balances
    • 4. each has a bill of rights
    • 5. all states have a way of adding amendments
    • 6. all constitutions believe in popular sovereignty
    • The power of government comes from the people
  • 5.
    • The U.S. Constitution has fewer then 10,000 words
    • While most states constitutions are far longer
    • State constitutions are less flexible because they are written with many rules and details
    • Only 19 states have their original constitutions
    • The U.S. Constitution has 27 Amendments however, most states have far more
  • 6.
    • Every state but Nebraska has a two-house legislature where laws are made
    • Every state is apportioned into districts to ensure equal representation
    • Most state legislatures follow the same steps to pass state laws
  • 7.
    • After bills are passed they often go to the governor to be signed into law or vetoed
    • North Carolina is the only state where the governor can not veto a bill
  • 8.
    • Governors lead the executive branch in every state
    • Governors prepare state budgets they can call up the state’s National Guard for state emergencies
    • Some Governors have legislative and judicial powers
    • They can propose bills, veto laws, pardon criminals, and appoint judges
  • 9.
    • Governors are also the chief of their party
    • As well as the chief of the state
    • Most governors are college graduates
    • More than half are lawyers
    • 13 governors have been women
    • In our history 16 governors have become President
  • 10.
    • In general there are three kinds of state courts
    • Trail courts hear evidence in criminal cases and civil cases
    • Court of Appeals decide if trail courts followed due process in criminal proceedings
    • State supreme court is the highest court in the state
    • All decisions are final unless it has something to do with the U.S. Constitution
  • 11.
    • Unlike federal judges, most state judges are elected by voters
    • ¼ of state judges are appoint by state governors
    • Finally some are appointed by state legislatures