2.3 Building Colonial America

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2.3 Building Colonial America

  1. 1. Building Colonial America Objective: Analyze the development of colonial America by guided note-taking via PowerPoint
  2. 2. Establishment of Massachusetts Bay Colony <ul><li>The Puritans were not the first English people to settle in North America 1630 </li></ul><ul><li>Jamestown was established in 1607 </li></ul><ul><li>Pilgrims landed at Plymouth in 1620 </li></ul>
  3. 3. New England Colonies <ul><li>New Englanders constructed a thriving economy based on agriculture, fishing, lumbering, shipbuilding, wool production, and trading </li></ul><ul><li>Puritans developed a form of self-government </li></ul><ul><li>Male church members voted yearly in town hall meetings to determine matters affecting the whole community </li></ul>
  4. 4. New England Colonies <ul><li>Puritan’s believed that everyone should be able to read the bible for themselves </li></ul><ul><li>1642 a law was passed requiring parents to teach their children to read </li></ul><ul><li>1647 mandated publicly funded education in towns of more than 50 residents </li></ul><ul><li>Credited with establishing our practice of public education </li></ul>
  5. 5. Middle Colonies <ul><li>Lush farmland of the Middle Colonies attracted immigrants from most of northern Europe </li></ul><ul><li>The Dutch established New Amsterdam in 1626, after purchasing Manhattan Island for 24 dollars </li></ul><ul><li>Roger Williams establishes Rhode Island based on freedom of religion </li></ul>
  6. 6. Southern Colonies <ul><li>South’s climate and soil were particularly well suited to growing tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>Plantation economy had taken root in the south </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco is a labor intensive crop as well as other southern crops like indigo, and rice </li></ul><ul><li>Indentured servants came from the lower rungs of society in England and Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>Later they would be replace by slaves from Africa </li></ul>
  7. 7. Struggle for Control <ul><li>As the growing English population pushed up against French held territory Tensions began to rise and led to a series of deadly territorial struggles </li></ul><ul><li>The French and Indian War ended in 1763 with Britain as the winner </li></ul><ul><li>France lost all of its lands east of the Mississippi River </li></ul>
  8. 8. Great Awakening <ul><li>The Great Awakening swept different regions between 1720 and 1760 </li></ul><ul><li>The movement aroused a hunger for spiritual renewal </li></ul><ul><li>George Whitefield was a leader of the awakening, he toured the east coast urging people to “lay exhorting” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Colonial Self-Government <ul><li>All colonial governments, while slightly different did share one common thread </li></ul><ul><li>All shared the British system of elected legislatures </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1700’s the colonial legislatures won the right to initiate bills, set elections, and lay taxes </li></ul><ul><li>After the seven year war a French diplomat warn England that soon the colonies would no longer need them </li></ul>

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